Summary Report for:
49-9012.00 - Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door
Install, repair, and maintain mechanical regulating and controlling devices, such as electric meters, gas regulators, thermostats, safety and flow valves, and other mechanical governors.
The occupation code you requested, 49-9012.01 (Electric Meter Installers and Repairers), is no longer in use. In the future, please use 49-9012.00 (Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door) instead.
Sample of reported job titles: Control Valve Mechanic, Control Valve Technician, Electric Meter Technician, Instrument and Electrical Technician (I & E Technician), Instrument Technician, Measurement Technician, Meter Technician, Service Technician, Valve Technician, Water Plant Maintenance Mechanic
Tasks | Technology Skills | Tools Used | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Record maintenance information, including test results, material usage, and repairs made.
- Disassemble and repair mechanical control devices or valves, such as regulators, thermostats, or hydrants, using power tools, hand tools, and cutting torches.
- Lubricate wearing surfaces of mechanical parts, using oils or other lubricants.
- Calibrate instrumentation, such as meters, gauges, and regulators, for pressure, temperature, flow, and level.
- Install, inspect and test electric meters, relays, and power sources to detect causes of malfunctions and inaccuracies, using hand tools and testing equipment.
- Test valves and regulators for leaks and accurate temperature and pressure settings, using precision testing equipment.
- Record meter readings and installation data on meter cards, work orders, or field service orders, or enter data into hand-held computers.
- Turn meters on or off to establish or close service.
- Shut off service and notify repair crews when major repairs are required, such as the replacement of underground pipes or wiring.
- Install regulators and related equipment such as gas meters, odorization units, and gas pressure telemetering equipment.
- Cut seats to receive new orifices, tap inspection ports, and perform other repairs to salvage usable materials, using hand tools and machine tools.
- Turn valves to allow measured amounts of air or gas to pass through meters at specified flow rates.
- Report hazardous field situations and damaged or missing meters.
- Vary air pressure flowing into regulators and turn handles to assess functioning of valves and pistons.
- Examine valves or mechanical control device parts for defects, dents, or loose attachments, and mark malfunctioning areas of defective units.
- Mount and install meters and other electric equipment such as time clocks, transformers, and circuit breakers, using electricians' hand tools.
- Connect regulators to test stands, and turn screw adjustments until gauges indicate that inlet and outlet pressures meet specifications.
- Investigate instances of illegal tapping into service lines.
- Trace and tag meters or house lines.
- Repair electric meters and components, such as transformers and relays, and replace metering devices, dial glasses, and faulty or incorrect wiring, using hand tools.
- Replace defective parts, such as bellows, range springs, and toggle switches, and reassemble units according to blueprints, using cam presses and hand tools.
- Recondition displacement type gas meters and governors, fabricating, machining, or modifying parts needed for repairs.
- Measure tolerances of assembled and salvageable parts for conformance to standards or specifications, using gauges, micrometers, and calipers.
- Clean internal compartments and moving parts, using rags and cleaning compounds.
- Dismantle meters, and replace or adjust defective parts such as cases, shafts, gears, disks, and recording mechanisms, using soldering irons and hand tools.
- Disconnect or remove defective or unauthorized meters, using hand tools.
- Reassemble repaired equipment, and solder top, front, and back case panels in place, using soldering guns, power tools, and hand tools.
- Attach air hoses to meter inlets, plug outlets, and observe gauges for pressure losses to test internal seams for leaks.
- Make adjustments to meter components, such as setscrews or timing mechanisms, so that they conform to specifications.
- Recommend and write up specifications for changes in hardware, such as house wiring.
- Clamp regulator units into vises on stages above water tanks, and attach compressed air hoses to intake ports.
- Repair leaks in valve seats or bellows of automotive heater thermostats, using soft solder, flux, and acetylene torches.
- Collect money due on delinquent accounts.
- Splice and connect cables from meters or current transformers to pull boxes or switchboards, using hand tools.
- Attach pressurized meters to fixtures which submerge them in water, and observe meters for leaks.
- Advise customers on proper installation of valves or regulators and related equipment.
- Calibrate thermostats for specified temperature or pressure settings.
- Clean plant growth, scale, paint, soil, or rust from meter housings, using wire brushes, scrapers, buffers, sandblasters, or cleaning compounds.
- Connect hoses from provers to meter inlets and outlets, and raise prover bells until prover gauges register zero.
- Analytical or scientific software — Emerson FIRSTVUE Value Sizing
- Computer aided design CAD software — Autodesk AutoCAD
- Data base user interface and query software — Data entry software ; Microsoft Access ; Structured query language SQL
- Enterprise resource planning ERP software — SAP
- Graphics or photo imaging software — Microsoft Visio
- Industrial control software — Supervisory control and data acquisition SCADA software ; Wonderware software
- Office suite software — Microsoft Office
- Operating system software — Microsoft Windows
- Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint
- Project management software — Maintenance record software; Microsoft SharePoint ; Oracle Primavera Enterprise Project Portfolio Management
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
- Word processing software — Microsoft Word
Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.
- Adjustable widemouth pliers — Insulated adjustable widemouth pliers
- Adjustable wrenches
- Air compressors
- Ammeters — Clamp-on meters
- Articulating boom lift — Bucket trucks
- Bench vises
- Blow torch — Acetylene torches; Cutting torches
- Calipers — Measurement calipers
- Circuit tester — Burden testers; Circuit testers
- Claw hammer — Claw hammers
- Cold chisels — Steel chisels
- Conduit benders
- Cutting die — Metal cutting dies
- Desktop computers
- Diagonal cut pliers — Diagonal cutting pliers
- End cut pliers — Side cutting pliers
- Fish tape — Fish tapes
- Flowmeters — Flow meters; Flow recorders
- Frequency calibrator or simulator — Power system analyzers
- Grease guns
- Hacksaw — Hacksaws
- Hydraulic pumps
- Hydraulic truck cranes — Hydraulic truck-mounted cranes
- Impact wrenches — Hydraulic wrenches; Power wrenches
- Infrared imagers — Infrared cameras
- Insulated screwdriver — Insulated screwdrivers
- Levels — Precision levels
- Linemans pliers — Electrician's pliers
- Locking pliers
- Longnose pliers
- Mill saw file — Single-cut mill saw files
- Notebook computers — Laptop computers
- Nut drivers
- Open end wrenches — Crescent wrenches
- Pad or keyhole saw — Keyhole saws
- Paint application system — Paint spray booths
- Paint sprayers — Paint spray guns
- Personal computers
- Pipe or tube cutter — Copper cutters; Pipe cutters
- Pipe wrenches — Quick wrenches
- Pneumatic sanding machines — Sandblasters
- Portable data input terminals — Dataloggers; Handheld computers; Mobile data terminals
- Power drills
- Power grinders — Grinding tools
- Power saws
- Power screwguns — Power screwdrivers
- Pressure indicators — Pressure gauges; Pressure recorders
- Protective gloves — Rubber gloves
- Punches or nail sets or drifts — Punches
- Radio frequency transmitters or receivers — Handheld transmitters
- Razor knives — Scrapers
- Rivet tools — Pop rivet guns
- Saws — Hand saws
- Screwdrivers — Phillips head screwdrivers; Robertson screwdrivers; Straight screwdrivers
- Slip or groove joint pliers — Groove-joint pliers; Slip joint pliers
- Soldering iron — Soldering irons
- Specialty wrenches — Insulated wrenches
- Spot welding machine — Portable welding equipment
- Squares — Layout squares
- Stripping tools — Wire strippers
- Tape measures — Measuring tapes
- Taps — Metal cutting taps
- Track cranes — Overhead cranes
- Two way radios
- Utility knives
- Voltage or current meters — Test lamps; Voltmeters
- Wattmeters — Watt-hour test meters
- Wire brushes
- Wire cutters
- Wire lug crimping tool — Wire crimpers
- Wire or cable cutter — Cable cutters
- Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
- Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
- Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
- Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
- Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
- Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
- Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
- Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
- Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
- Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
- Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
- Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
- Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
- Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
- Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
- Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
- Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
- Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
- Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
- Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
- Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
- Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
- Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
- Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
- Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
- Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
- Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
- Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
- Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
- Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
- Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
- Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
- Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
- Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
- Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
- Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
- Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
- Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
Detailed Work Activities
- Maintain repair or maintenance records.
- Install metering equipment.
- Calibrate equipment to specifications.
- Inspect electrical or electronic systems for defects.
- Install electrical components, equipment, or systems.
- Control power supply connections.
- Document operational activities.
- Enter codes or other information into computers.
- Test mechanical equipment to ensure proper functioning.
- Communicate with coworkers to coordinate installations or repairs.
- Adjust equipment to ensure optimal performance.
- Disassemble equipment for maintenance or repair.
- Repair worn, damaged, or defective mechanical parts.
- Cut materials according to specifications or needs.
- Confer with coworkers to coordinate work activities.
- Inspect mechanical equipment to locate damage, defects, or wear.
- Connect electrical components or equipment.
- Adjust the tension of nuts or bolts.
- Repair electrical circuits or wiring.
- Replace worn, damaged, or defective mechanical parts.
- Lubricate equipment to allow proper functioning.
- Repair electrical components.
- Measure distances or dimensions.
- Rebuild parts or components.
- Clean equipment, parts, or tools to repair or maintain them in good working order.
- Connect hoses to equipment or piping.
- Reassemble equipment after repair.
- Solder parts or connections between parts.
- Advise others on issues related to repairs, installation, or equipment design.
- Collect payments for goods or services.
- Repair non-engine automotive or vehicle components.
- Repair pipes to stop leaking.
- Train customers in the use of products.
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 95% responded “Every day.”
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 97% responded “Every day.”
- Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 74% responded “Every day.”
- Telephone — 74% responded “Every day.”
- Contact With Others — 74% responded “Constant contact with others.”
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 59% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 58% responded “Extremely important.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 51% responded “Extremely important.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 43% responded “High responsibility.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 44% responded “Some freedom.”
- In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — 68% responded “Every day.”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 54% responded “Every day.”
- Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 53% responded “Every day.”
- Time Pressure — 45% responded “Every day.”
- Electronic Mail — 60% responded “Every day.”
- Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 40% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — 56% responded “Every day.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 37% responded “Very important results.”
- Exposed to Contaminants — 43% responded “Every day.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 48% responded “Every day.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 52% responded “Every day.”
- Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — 45% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Consequence of Error — 53% responded “Extremely serious.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 61% responded “40 hours.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 31% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Deal With External Customers — 52% responded “Extremely important.”
- Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 43% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 30% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — 35% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Physical Proximity — 50% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).”
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 30% responded “Very high responsibility.”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 31% responded “Important.”
- Spend Time Standing — 47% responded “More than half the time.”
- Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — 31% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 28% responded “Important.”
- Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 35% responded “About half the time.”
- Letters and Memos — 31% responded “Every day.”
- Outdoors, Under Cover — 28% responded “Every day.”
- Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 29% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
|Title||Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.|
|Related Experience||Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include hydroelectric production managers, travel guides, electricians, agricultural technicians, barbers, court reporters, and medical assistants.|
|SVP Range||(6.0 to < 7.0)|
Interest code: RCI Want to discover your interests? Take the O*NET Interest Profiler at My Next Move.
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
- Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
- Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2019)||$27.93 hourly, $58,100 annual|
|Employment (2018)||52,500 employees|
|Projected growth (2018-2028)||Slower than average (2% to 3%)|
|Projected job openings (2018-2028)||4,600|
|Top industries (2018)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2019 wage data and 2018-2028 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2018-2028). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
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