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Details Report for:
35-9031.00 - Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop

Welcome patrons, seat them at tables or in lounge, and help ensure quality of facilities and service.

Sample of reported job titles: Hostess, Host, Greeter, Hospitality Coordinator, Dining Room Supervisor, Host Coordinator

View report: Summary  Details  Custom

Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
94   Core Greet guests and seat them at tables or in waiting areas.
94   Core Provide guests with menus.
90   Core Assign patrons to tables suitable for their needs and according to rotation so that servers receive an appropriate number of seatings.
89   Core Speak with patrons to ensure satisfaction with food and service, to respond to complaints, or to make conversation.
88   Core Answer telephone calls and respond to inquiries or transfer calls.
87   Core Maintain contact with kitchen staff, management, serving staff, and customers to ensure that dining details are handled properly and customers' concerns are addressed.
86   Core Inspect dining and serving areas to ensure cleanliness and proper setup.
83   Core Inform patrons of establishment specialties and features.
80   Core Receive and record patrons' dining reservations.
79   Core Inspect restrooms for cleanliness and availability of supplies and clean restrooms when necessary.
72   Core Direct patrons to coatrooms and waiting areas such as lounges.
88   Supplemental Take and prepare to-go orders.
87   Supplemental Operate cash registers to accept payments for food and beverages.
84   Supplemental Supervise and coordinate activities of dining room staff to ensure that patrons receive prompt and courteous service.
76   Supplemental Order or requisition supplies and equipment for tables and serving stations.
73   Supplemental Assist with preparing and serving food and beverages.
71   Supplemental Hire, train, and supervise food and beverage service staff.
69   Supplemental Prepare cash receipts after establishments close, and make bank deposits.
60   Supplemental Prepare staff work schedules.
58   Supplemental Confer with other staff to help plan establishments' menus.
57   Supplemental Plan parties or other special events and services.
56   Supplemental Perform marketing and advertising services.

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Carbonated beverage dispenser — Carbonated beverage dispensers
Cash registers
Commercial use coffee or iced tea makers — Commercial coffeemakers
Desktop computers
Ice dispensers — Ice-making machines
Non carbonated beverage dispenser — Juice dispensers
Personal computers
Pocket calculator — Handheld calculators
Point of sale POS terminal — Point of sale POS computer terminals
Special purpose telephones — Multi-line telephone systems
Touch screen monitors

Technology used in this occupation:

Calendar and scheduling software — iMagic Restaurant Reservation
Data base user interface and query software — Avenista software; GuestBridge Reserve; OpenTable software; Reservation software (see all 5 examples)
Point of sale POS software — Hospitality Control Solutions Aloha Point-of-Sale software

See all T2 categories and examples

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
80   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
53   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
42   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
39   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
38   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
36   Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
34   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
34   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
34   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
28   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
28   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
24   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
24   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
24   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
22   Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
21   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
20   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
19   Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
15   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
12   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
12   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
11   Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
11   Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
10   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
  Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
  Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
  Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
  Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
  Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
  Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
  Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
  History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
  Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
63   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
60   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
56   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
53   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
50   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
50   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
47   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
47   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
47   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
47   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
44   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
44   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
41   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
41   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
41   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
38   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
38   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
31   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
28   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
28   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
25   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
  Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
  Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
  Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
 Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
 Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
 Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
 Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
 Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
 Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
 Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
 Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
 Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
 Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
 Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
72   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
69   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
60   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
56   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
53   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
50   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
50   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
47   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
47   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
47   Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
47   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
44   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
44   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
44   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
44   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
41   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
38   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
38   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
38   Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
38   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
35   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
35   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
35   Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
35   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
35   Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
35   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
35   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
31   Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
31   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
31   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
31   Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
28   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
28   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
28   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
28   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
28   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
28   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
22   Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
22   Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
22   Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
  Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
  Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
  Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
  Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
  Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
  Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
 Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
 Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
 Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
 Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
 Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
 Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
77   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
  • Communicate with customers to resolve complaints or ensure satisfaction.
70   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
  • Communicate dining or order details to kitchen personnel.
64   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
61   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
  • Present food or beverage information or menus to customers.
  • Provide customers with general information or assistance.
56   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
56   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
56   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
56   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
55   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
53   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
  • Plan special events.
51   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
46   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
  • Assist customers with seating arrangements.
46   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
  • Assist chefs or caterers with food or drink preparation.
  • Package food or supplies.
45   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
45   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
44   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
43   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
41   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
41   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
  • Train food preparation or food service personnel.
39   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
  • Schedule dining reservations.
36   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
36   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
35   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
  • Coordinate activities of food service staff.
  • Manage food service operations or parts of operations.
34   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
33   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Record operational or production data.
33   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
  • Plan menu options.
32   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
32   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
  • Inspect facilities, equipment or supplies to ensure conformance to standards.
29   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
29   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
29   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
  • Order materials, supplies, or equipment.
29   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
  • Operate cash registers.
  • Process customer bills or payments.
  • Take customer orders.
28   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
27   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
25   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
25   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
21   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
  • Perform human resources activities.
18   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
10   Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
  Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
  Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Context
Work Context
100   Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?
97   Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?
96   Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?
94   Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?
93   Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?
86   Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?
80   Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?
79   Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?
76   Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?
76   Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?
64   Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?
58   Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?
56   Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?
54   Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?
54   Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?
53   Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?
53   Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?
53   Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?
52   Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?
52   Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?
48   Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?
41   Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?
41   Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?
36   Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?
34   Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?
33   Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?
31   Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?
30   Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?
29   Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?
25   Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?
25   Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?
25   Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?
23   Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?
22   Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.
20   Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?
18   Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?
17   Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?
17   Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?
16   Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?
15   Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?
14   Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?
12   Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?
11   Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?
11   Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?
10   Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?
  Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?
  Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?
  Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?
  Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?
  Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)
  Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?
  Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?
  Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?
  In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?
  In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?
  Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?
 Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone One: Little or No Preparation Needed
Education Some of these occupations may require a high school diploma or GED certificate.
Related Experience Little or no previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, a person can become a waiter or waitress even if he/she has never worked before.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few days to a few months of training. Usually, an experienced worker could show you how to do the job.
Job Zone Examples These occupations involve following instructions and helping others. Examples include taxi drivers, amusement and recreation attendants, counter and rental clerks, construction laborers, continuous mining machine operators, and waiters/waitresses.
SVP Range (Below 4.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
51   Less than high school diploma
42   High school diploma or equivalent
  Some college, no degree

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
83   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
56   Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
33   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
33   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
  Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
 Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
86   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
82   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
79   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
78   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
70   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
69   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
69   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
67   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
65   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
62   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
62   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
61   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
57   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
53   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
48   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
47   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
67   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
33   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
28   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
25   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
22   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
22   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

35-2011.00 Cooks, Fast Food Bright Outlook
35-3021.00 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food Bright Outlook
35-3022.00 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop Bright Outlook
35-3031.00 Waiters and Waitresses   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook  
35-3041.00 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant Bright Outlook
35-9011.00 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers Bright Outlook
39-3031.00 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers
39-3093.00 Locker Room, Coatroom, and Dressing Room Attendants
41-2011.00 Cashiers Bright Outlook
43-5081.01 Stock Clerks, Sales Floor Bright Outlook

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Wages & Employment Trends

National

Median wages (2012) $8.93 hourly, $18,580 annual
Employment (2012) 347,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Slower than average (3% to 7%) Slower than average (3% to 7%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 280,400
Top industries (2012)
Accommodation and Food Services (95% employed in this sector)

State & National

          CareerOneStop

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2012 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

Find Jobs
for Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop

          mySkills myFuture

State & National Job Banks

          CareerOneStop

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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