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Details Report for:
47-2221.00 - Structural Iron and Steel Workers

Raise, place, and unite iron or steel girders, columns, and other structural members to form completed structures or structural frameworks. May erect metal storage tanks and assemble prefabricated metal buildings.

Sample of reported job titles: Ironworker, Iron Worker, Fitter / Welder, Steel Fabricator, Steel Worker, Structural Steel Erector, Tower Hand

View report: Summary  Details  Custom

Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
85   Core Read specifications or blueprints to determine the locations, quantities, or sizes of materials required.
84   Core Verify vertical and horizontal alignment of structural steel members, using plumb bobs, laser equipment, transits, or levels.
81   Core Connect columns, beams, and girders with bolts, following blueprints and instructions from supervisors.
81   Core Hoist steel beams, girders, and columns into place, using cranes, or signal hoisting equipment operators to lift and position structural-steel members.
78   Core Bolt aligned structural steel members in position for permanent riveting, bolting, or welding into place.
77   Core Ride on girders or other structural steel members to position them or use rope to guide them into position.
76   Core Fabricate metal parts, such as steel frames, columns, beams, or girders, according to blueprints or instructions from supervisors.
76   Core Pull, push, or pry structural steel members into approximate positions for bolting into place.
75   Core Cut, bend, or weld steel pieces, using metal shears, torches, or welding equipment.
75   Core Fasten structural steel members to hoist cables, using chains, cables, or rope.
73   Core Assemble hoisting equipment or rigging, such as cables, pulleys, or hooks, to move heavy equipment or materials.
72   Core Force structural steel members into final positions, using turnbuckles, crowbars, jacks, or hand tools.
71   Core Erect metal or precast concrete components for structures, such as buildings, bridges, dams, towers, storage tanks, fences, or highway guard rails.
70   Core Unload and position prefabricated steel units for hoisting as needed.
60   Core Drive drift pins through rivet holes to align rivet holes in structural steel members with corresponding holes in previously placed members.
58   Core Dismantle structures or equipment.
67   Supplemental Insert sealing strips, wiring, insulating material, ladders, flanges, gauges, or valves, depending on types of structures being assembled.
59   Supplemental Catch hot rivets in buckets and insert rivets in holes, using tongs.
52   Supplemental Place blocks under reinforcing bars used to reinforce floors.
48   Supplemental Hold rivets while riveters use air hammers to form heads on rivets.

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Blow torch — Blow torches
Fall protection lanyard — Safety lanyards
Hammers — Sledgehammers
Hoists — Tuggers
Levels — Laser levels; Torpedo levels
Mallets — Rubber mallets
Manlift or personnel lift — Swing stages
Mill saw file — Single-cut mill saw files
Protective gloves — Safety gloves; Welding gloves
Pry bars — Crowbars
Punches or nail sets or drifts — Center punches; Drift pins
Rivet tools — Rivet busters; Rivet guns
Safety harnesses or belts — Protective harnesses; Safety belts
Sheet metal forming machine — Decoilers
Welding masks — Welding helmets; Welding hoods
Welding or cutting tip — Welding tips

Technology used in this occupation:

Accounting software — Turtle Creek Software Goldenseal
Computer aided design CAD software
Inventory management software — Inventory tracking software
Project management software — Cost estimating software; Project scheduling software

See all 75 T2 categories

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
84   Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
73   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
71   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
67   Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
65   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
64   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
58   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
58   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
54   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
53   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
51   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
45   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
43   Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
41   Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
34   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
27   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
27   Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
25   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
25   Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
23   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
23   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
19   Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
19   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
18   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
18   Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
16   Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
16   Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
15   Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
14   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
12   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
  Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
  History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
  Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
69   Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
69   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
66   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
60   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
60   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
60   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
60   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
53   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
53   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
50   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
50   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
50   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
47   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
47   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
47   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
44   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
41   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
41   Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
41   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
38   Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
38   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
38   Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
35   Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
35   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
35   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
35   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
31   Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
28   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
28   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
28   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
22   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
22   Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
13   Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
  Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
 Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
88   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
88   Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
85   Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
81   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
78   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
75   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
75   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
72   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
72   Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
69   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
69   Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
66   Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
66   Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
66   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
66   Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
66   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
66   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
63   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
63   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
63   Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
63   Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
60   Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
60   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
60   Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
56   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
56   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
53   Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
53   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
53   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
53   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
50   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
50   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
50   Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
47   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
47   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
47   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
47   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
47   Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
44   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
44   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
41   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
41   Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
38   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
38   Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
35   Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
31   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
31   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
31   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
28   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
28   Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
16   Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
  Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
89   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
  • Assist skilled construction or extraction personnel.
  • Load or unload materials used in construction or extraction.
88   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
  • Operate cranes, hoists, or other moving or lifting equipment.
88   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
  • Assemble temporary equipment or structures.
  • Cut metal components for installation.
  • Dismantle equipment or temporary structures.
  • Fabricate parts or components.
  • Install electrical components, equipment, or systems.
  • Install gauges or controls.
  • Install insulation in equipment or structures.
  • Install metal structural components.
  • Position safety or support equipment.
  • Position structural components.
  • Weld metal components.
87   Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
86   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
84   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Review blueprints or specifications to determine work requirements.
83   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
  • Verify alignment of structures or equipment.
82   Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
82   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
82   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
80   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
78   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
  • Signal equipment operators to indicate proper equipment positioning.
73   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
72   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
72   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
71   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
70   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
67   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
64   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
63   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
62   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
62   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
62   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
58   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
56   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
54   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
53   Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
51   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
46   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
45   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
39   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
38   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
36   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
34   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
32   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
32   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
29   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
27   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
24   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
17   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
15   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context
Percentage of Top Responses
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


99     Every day
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


93     Every day
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


78     Continually or almost continually
18     More than half the time
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


85     Every day
15     Once a month or more but not every week
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


63     Extremely important
32     Very important
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


76     Every day
15     Once a week or more but not every day
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


69     Every day
14     Once a week or more but not every day
17     Once a month or more but not every week
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


72     Every day
11     Once a week or more but not every day
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


65     Every day
16     Once a week or more but not every day
14     Once a year or more but not every month
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


60     Extremely important
18     Very important
16     Important
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


66     Every day
16     Once a month or more but not every week
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


66     Constant contact with others
16     Contact with others most of the time
14     No contact with others
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


50     Very high responsibility
23     High responsibility
22     Moderate responsibility
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


46     Continually or almost continually
33     More than half the time
17     About half the time
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


61     Every day
17     Once a week or more but not every day
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


52     Every day
23     Once a week or more but not every day
16     Once a year or more but not every month
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


48     Extremely serious
15     Very serious
31     Serious
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


44     Every day
28     Once a week or more but not every day
16     Once a year or more but not every month
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


54     Every day
21     Once a week or more but not every day
19     Never
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


41     Continually or almost continually
15     More than half the time
34     About half the time
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


39     Every day
39     Once a week or more but not every day
13     Never
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


30     A lot of freedom
37     Some freedom
17     Limited freedom
15     Very little freedom
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


36     Very high responsibility
18     High responsibility
36     Moderate responsibility
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


20     Continually or almost continually
44     More than half the time
31     About half the time
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


37     More than 40 hours
63     40 hours
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


55     Every day
22     Once a year or more but not every month
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


39     Extremely important
14     Very important
28     Important
11     Not important at all
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


36     Every day
31     Once a week or more but not every day
13     Once a year or more but not every month
15     Never
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


42     Every day
20     Once a week or more but not every day
16     Once a month or more but not every week
19     Never
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?


19     Very important results
29     Important results
39     Moderate results
12     Minor results
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


37     A lot of freedom
24     Some freedom
17     Limited freedom
18     No freedom
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


25     Continually or almost continually
32     More than half the time
14     About half the time
21     Less than half the time
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


25     Every day
29     Once a week or more but not every day
27     Once a month or more but not every week
14     Never
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


23     Continually or almost continually
19     More than half the time
36     About half the time
23     Less than half the time
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


58     Moderately close (at arm's length)
25     I work with others but not closely (e.g., private office)
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


13     Every day
37     Once a week or more but not every day
26     Once a month or more but not every week
15     Once a year or more but not every month
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


20     Every day
24     Once a week or more but not every day
30     Once a month or more but not every week
17     Once a year or more but not every month
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


13     Every day
45     Once a week or more but not every day
11     Once a month or more but not every week
20     Once a year or more but not every month
13     Never
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


29     Extremely competitive
20     Highly competitive
20     Slightly competitive
21     Not at all competitive
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


25     Once a week or more but not every day
30     Once a month or more but not every week
37     Once a year or more but not every month
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


17     Continually or almost continually
19     More than half the time
22     About half the time
38     Less than half the time
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


26     Once a week or more but not every day
19     Once a month or more but not every week
45     Once a year or more but not every month
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


36     Once a week or more but not every day
30     Once a month or more but not every week
12     Once a year or more but not every month
17     Never
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


19     Extremely important
36     Important
18     Fairly important
26     Not important at all
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


41     About half the time
46     Less than half the time
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


68     Irregular (changes with weather conditions, production demands, or contract duration)
27     Regular (established routine, set schedule)
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


27     Once a week or more but not every day
27     Once a month or more but not every week
42     Never
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


16     Extremely important
22     Important
26     Fairly important
35     Not important at all
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


17     Very important
25     Important
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


59     Once a year or more but not every month
35     Never
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


45     Less than half the time
42     Never
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


33     Slightly automated
54     Not at all automated
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


40     Once a year or more but not every month
53     Never
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


17     Once a year or more but not every month
74     Never
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


86     Never
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


91     Never
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


98     Never

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed
Education These occupations usually require a high school diploma.
Related Experience Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.
SVP Range (4.0 to < 6.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
64   High school diploma or equivalent Help
17   Some college, no degree
13   Post-secondary certificate Help

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Credentials

Find Training Find Certifications Find Licenses Find Apprenticeships

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
100   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
33   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
33   Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
17   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
  Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
 Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
91   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
91   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
82   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
81   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
73   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
72   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
71   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
70   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
70   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
68   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
67   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
67   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
66   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
63   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
63   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
63   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
72   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
61   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
36   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
33   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
28   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
28   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

47-2011.00 Boilermakers Green Occupation
47-2021.00 Brickmasons and Blockmasons Bright Outlook
47-2031.01 Construction Carpenters Bright Outlook Green Occupation
47-2031.02 Rough Carpenters   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook     Green Occupation Green
47-2051.00 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers Bright Outlook Green Occupation
47-2072.00 Pile-Driver Operators Bright Outlook
47-2081.00 Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers
47-2132.00 Insulation Workers, Mechanical Bright Outlook
47-2211.00 Sheet Metal Workers Green Occupation
47-5012.00 Rotary Drill Operators, Oil and Gas

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2013) $22.36 hourly, $46,520 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 58,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Much faster than average (22% or higher) Much faster than average (22% or higher)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 31,500
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)
Construction (88% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2013 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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