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Details Report for:
17-2141.00 - Mechanical Engineers

Perform engineering duties in planning and designing tools, engines, machines, and other mechanically functioning equipment. Oversee installation, operation, maintenance, and repair of equipment such as centralized heat, gas, water, and steam systems.

Sample of reported job titles: Application Engineer, Design Engineer, Design Maintenance Engineer, Equipment Engineer, Mechanical Design Engineer, Mechanical Engineer, Process Engineer, Product Engineer, Project Engineer, Test Engineer

Also see: Fuel Cell Engineers, Automotive Engineers

View report: Summary  Details  Custom

Tasks  |  Technology Skills  |  Tools Used  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
87   Core
Read and interpret blueprints, technical drawings, schematics, or computer-generated reports.
84   Core
Research, design, evaluate, install, operate, or maintain mechanical products, equipment, systems or processes to meet requirements.
79   Core
Confer with engineers or other personnel to implement operating procedures, resolve system malfunctions, or provide technical information.
75   Core
Develop, coordinate, or monitor all aspects of production, including selection of manufacturing methods, fabrication, or operation of product designs.
75   Core
Investigate equipment failures or difficulties to diagnose faulty operation and recommend remedial actions.
74   Core
Develop or test models of alternate designs or processing methods to assess feasibility, sustainability, operating condition effects, potential new applications, or necessity of modification.
74   Core
Specify system components or direct modification of products to ensure conformance with engineering design, performance specifications, or environmental regulations.  Green Task Statement
73   Core
Recommend design modifications to eliminate machine or system malfunctions.
73   Core
Assist drafters in developing the structural design of products, using drafting tools or computer-assisted drafting equipment or software.
72   Core
Oversee installation, operation, maintenance, or repair to ensure that machines or equipment are installed and functioning according to specifications.
70   Core
Conduct research that tests or analyzes the feasibility, design, operation, or performance of equipment, components, or systems.
66   Core
Design test control apparatus or equipment or develop procedures for testing products.
66   Core
Provide feedback to design engineers on customer problems or needs.
66   Core
Research and analyze customer design proposals, specifications, manuals, or other data to evaluate the feasibility, cost, or maintenance requirements of designs or applications.
65   Core
Estimate costs or submit bids for engineering, construction, or extraction projects.
74   Supplemental
Recommend the use of utility or energy services that minimize carbon footprints.  Green Task Statement
69   Supplemental
Evaluate mechanical designs or prototypes for energy performance or environmental impact.  Green Task Statement
68   Supplemental
Direct the installation, operation, maintenance, or repair of renewable energy equipment, such as heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) or water systems.  Green Task Statement
66   Supplemental
Design integrated mechanical or alternative systems, such as mechanical cooling systems with natural ventilation systems, to improve energy efficiency.  Green Task Statement
66   Supplemental
Apply engineering principles or practices to emerging fields, such as robotics, waste management, or biomedical engineering.  Green Task Statement
65   Supplemental
Write performance requirements for product development or engineering projects.
64   Supplemental
Perform personnel functions, such as supervision of production workers, technicians, technologists, or other engineers.
64   Supplemental
Calculate energy losses for buildings, using equipment such as computers, combustion analyzers, or pressure gauges.  Green Task Statement
64   Supplemental
Solicit new business.
63   Supplemental
Provide technical customer service.
61   Supplemental
Study industrial processes to maximize the efficiency of equipment applications, including equipment placement.
59   Supplemental
Establish or coordinate the maintenance or safety procedures, service schedule, or supply of materials required to maintain machines or equipment in the prescribed condition.
50   Supplemental
Select or install combined heat units, power units, cogeneration equipment, or trigeneration equipment that reduces energy use or pollution.  Green Task Statement

Find occupations related to multiple tasks

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Technology Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Analytical or scientific software — MAYA Nastran; Minitab Hot technology ; Sigmetrix CETOL 6 Sigma; The MathWorks MATLAB Hot technology (see all 24 examples)
  • Computer aided design CAD software Hot technology — Autodesk AutoCAD Hot technology ; Bentley MicroStation Hot technology ; Dassault Systemes CATIA Hot technology ; Mathsoft Mathcad (see all 19 examples)
  • Computer aided manufacturing CAM software Hot technology — 1CadCam Unigraphics; Rapid prototyping software
  • Data base user interface and query software — Microsoft Access Hot technology
  • Development environment software — C Hot technology ; Ladder Logic; Microsoft Visual Basic Hot technology ; Rockwell Automation (see all 9 examples)
  • Electronic mail software — IBM Notes Hot technology
  • Enterprise resource planning ERP software Hot technology — SAP Hot technology
  • Financial analysis software — Cost estimation software
  • Graphics or photo imaging software — Adobe Systems Adobe Illustrator Hot technology ; Microsoft Visio Hot technology
  • Industrial control software — Computer numerical control CNC software; Human machine interface HMI software
  • Map creation software — ESRI ArcGIS software Hot technology
  • Materials requirements planning logistics and supply chain software — Bill of materials software
  • Object or component oriented development software — C++ Hot technology ; G-code
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office
  • Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint Hot technology
  • Project management software — Microsoft Project Hot technology ; Oracle Primavera Enterprise Project Portfolio Management Hot technology
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel Hot technology
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word

Hot technology Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.

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Tools Used   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Accelerometers
  • Acoustic sensors — Acoustic emission AE sensors
  • Air compressors
  • Coordinate measuring machines CMM — Optical laser scanners
  • Dynamometers
  • Fatigue testers — Servohydraulic material testing machines
  • Fiber sensors — Optical sensors
  • Flow transmitters — Subsonic wind tunnels; Supersonic wind tunnels
  • Flowmeters — Digital particle image velocimeters; Laser Doppler anemometers; Laser Doppler velocimeters LDV; Pitot tubes
  • Force or torque sensors — Force transducers; Torque transducers
  • Frequency analyzers — Spectrum analyzers
  • Fused deposition modeling machine — Fused deposition modeling FDM machines
  • Grinding or polishing machines — Chemical-mechanical polishing equipment
  • Hardness testers — Nano indentation systems
  • Heat exchangers
  • High voltage cable detection — Contact testers
  • Infrared imagers — Infrared thermography cameras
  • Infrared spectrometers — Cryogenic apparatus
  • Interferometers — Interferometric microscopes
  • Machine mounts or vibration isolators — Vibration control systems; Vibration isolators
  • Medical computed tomography CT or CAT complete stationary unit installation — Computed tomography CT systems
  • Microcontrollers — Programmable logic controllers PLC
  • Multimeters
  • Oscilloscopes
  • Personal computers
  • Photoelastic testing instruments — Photoelastic testing machines
  • Plotter printers — Multi-pen plotters
  • Programmable tube furnaces — Vapor deposition tube furnaces
  • Proximity sensors — Position transducers; Radio frequency sensors
  • Refrigerated and heated reach in environmental or growth chambers — Environmental testing chambers
  • Roughness measuring instruments — Stylus profilometers; Surface profilometers
  • Scanners — Laser digitizers
  • Scanning electron microscopes — Scanning electron microscopes SEM
  • Scanning probe microscopes — Scanning probe microscopes SPM; Scanning tunneling microscopes STM
  • Semiconductor process systems — Plasma etchers; Rapid thermal processing systems; Wafer dicing saws; Wire bonders (see all 15 examples)
  • Signal generators — Function generators; Pattern generators
  • Spectrometers — Fluorescence spectrometers
  • Speed sensors — Velocity transducers
  • Step drive or stepper drive or step indexer — Steppers
  • Strain gauges — Dynamic strain indicators
  • Thickness measuring devices — Ellipsometers
  • Torque converters — Torsional converters
  • Vibration testers
  • Video editors — Video editing equipment
  • Voltage comparator integrated circuits — Analog to digital converters; Digital to analog converters
  • Wire cathode electrode discharge machine — Wire electrical discharge machines
  • X ray radiography examination equipment — X ray radiographic systems; X ray tubes

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
97 
Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
92 
Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
90 
Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
84 
Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
84 
Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
81 
English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
70 
Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
68 
Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
58 
Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
54 
Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
53 
Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
51 
Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
50 
Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
37 
Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
37 
Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
36 
Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
34 
Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
33 
Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
31 
Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
31 
Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
27 
Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
24 
Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
24 
Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
20 
Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
14 
Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
8 
Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
6 
Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
6 
Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
4 
History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
4 
Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
3 
Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
2 
Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
1 
Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
72 
Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
72 
Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
72 
Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
72 
Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
72 
Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
69 
Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
69 
Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
69 
Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
60 
Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
60 
Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
56 
Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
56 
Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
56 
Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
56 
Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
53 
Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
53 
Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
53 
Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
50 
Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
50 
Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
50 
Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
50 
Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
50 
Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
47 
Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
47 
Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
44 
Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
44 
Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
41 
Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
38 
Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
38 
Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
38 
Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
35 
Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
28 
Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
28 
Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
22 
Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
22 
Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
75 
Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
75 
Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
75 
Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
72 
Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
72 
Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
72 
Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
72 
Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
69 
Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
66 
Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
63 
Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
63 
Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
60 
Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
60 
Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
56 
Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
56 
Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
56 
Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
56 
Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
53 
Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
50 
Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
47 
Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
47 
Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
47 
Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
44 
Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
44 
Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
41 
Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
41 
Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
38 
Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
38 
Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
28 
Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
25 
Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
25 
Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
19 
Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
16 
Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
13 
Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
13 
Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
10 
Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
10 
Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
3 
Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
3 
Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
0 
Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
0 
Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
0 
Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
0 
Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
0 
Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
0 
Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
0 
Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
0 
Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
0 
Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
0 
Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
0 
Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
0 
Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
0 
Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
89 
Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
85 
Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
82 
Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
80 
Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
79 
Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
78 
Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
72 
Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
71 
Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
71 
Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
70 
Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
69 
Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
67 
Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
66 
Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
65 
Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
59 
Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
59 
Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
57 
Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
55 
Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
54 
Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
54 
Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
53 
Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
51 
Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
50 
Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
45 
Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
44 
Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
44 
Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
43 
Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
43 
Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
39 
Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
37 
Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
36 
Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
31 
Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
27 
Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
26 
Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
26 
Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
25 
Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
23 
Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
20 
Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
18 
Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
16 
Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
16 
Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.

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Detailed Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Review technical documents to plan work.
  • Design industrial processing systems.
  • Design industrial equipment.
  • Evaluate characteristics of equipment or systems.
  • Confer with other personnel to resolve design or operational problems.
  • Confer with technical personnel to prepare designs or operational plans.
  • Recommend technical design or process changes to improve efficiency, quality, or performance.
  • Direct industrial production activities.
  • Investigate system, equipment, or product failures.
  • Test performance of electrical, electronic, mechanical, or integrated systems or equipment.
  • Create models of engineering designs or methods.
  • Implement design or process improvements.
  • Advise others regarding green practices or environmental concerns.
  • Direct equipment maintenance or repair activities.
  • Direct installation activities.
  • Evaluate plans or specifications to determine technological or environmental implications.
  • Analyze design or requirements information for mechanical equipment or systems.
  • Design electronic or computer equipment or instrumentation.
  • Identify new applications for existing technologies.
  • Estimate operational costs.
  • Prepare proposal documents.
  • Document technical design details.
  • Perform marketing activities.
  • Supervise production or support personnel.
  • Advise customers on the use of products or services.
  • Research industrial processes or operations.
  • Coordinate safety or regulatory compliance activities.
  • Determine operational methods.
  • Install production equipment or systems.
  • Select tools, equipment, or technologies for use in operations or projects.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context

Percentage of Top Responses
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


93     Every day
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


78     Every day
18     Once a week or more but not every day
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


64     A lot of freedom
31     Some freedom
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


52     A lot of freedom
46     Some freedom
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


58     Constant contact with others
29     Contact with others most of the time
13     Contact with others about half the time
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


71     Every day
13     Once a month or more but not every week
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


69     More than 40 hours
31     40 hours
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


59     Extremely important
26     Very important
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


70     Every day
16     Once a week or more but not every day
13     Never
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


47     Extremely important
32     Very important
14     Important
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


61     Every day
15     Once a week or more but not every day
12     Once a year or more but not every month
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


73     Every day
17     Never
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — What results do your decisions usually have on other people or the image or reputation or financial resources of your employer?


36     Very important results
31     Important results
20     Moderate results
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


29     Every day
32     Once a week or more but not every day
31     Once a month or more but not every week
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


51     Extremely important
25     Important
23     Fairly important
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


20     Extremely competitive
31     Highly competitive
37     Moderately competitive
12     Slightly competitive
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


34     Extremely important
29     Very important
16     Fairly important
16     Not important at all
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


37     Every day
20     Once a week or more but not every day
11     Once a month or more but not every week
17     Once a year or more but not every month
15     Never
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


22     Continually or almost continually
34     More than half the time
14     About half the time
23     Less than half the time
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


30     Very high responsibility
21     High responsibility
17     Moderate responsibility
18     Limited responsibility
14     No responsibility
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


29     Very close (near touching)
41     Slightly close (e.g., shared office)
23     I work with others but not closely (e.g., private office)
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


18     Every day
28     Once a week or more but not every day
13     Once a month or more but not every week
33     Once a year or more but not every month
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


20     Extremely serious
32     Serious
36     Fairly serious
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


30     Very important
26     Important
21     Fairly important
13     Not important at all
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


23     Once a week or more but not every day
33     Once a month or more but not every week
30     Once a year or more but not every month
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


31     Continually or almost continually
17     About half the time
15     Less than half the time
29     Never
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


27     Once a week or more but not every day
26     Once a month or more but not every week
33     Once a year or more but not every month
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


17     Very high responsibility
16     High responsibility
24     Moderate responsibility
35     Limited responsibility
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


27     Every day
11     Once a month or more but not every week
28     Once a year or more but not every month
24     Never
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


29     Once a week or more but not every day
25     Once a month or more but not every week
20     Once a year or more but not every month
18     Never
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


13     Continually or almost continually
21     About half the time
51     Less than half the time
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


26     Once a week or more but not every day
23     Once a month or more but not every week
24     Once a year or more but not every month
27     Never
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


15     Every day
14     Once a month or more but not every week
47     Once a year or more but not every month
21     Never
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


13     Continually or almost continually
20     About half the time
36     Less than half the time
27     Never
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


13     About half the time
64     Less than half the time
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


20     Every day
13     Once a month or more but not every week
18     Once a year or more but not every month
46     Never
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


14     Extremely important
22     Important
51     Not important at all
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


13     Every day
38     Once a year or more but not every month
32     Never
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


13     Continually or almost continually
13     More than half the time
34     Less than half the time
39     Never
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


11     Highly automated
35     Moderately automated
18     Slightly automated
36     Not at all automated
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


17     Once a week or more but not every day
21     Once a year or more but not every month
47     Never
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


13     Every day
27     Once a year or more but not every month
49     Never
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


13     Every day
25     Once a year or more but not every month
55     Never
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


14     More than half the time
41     Less than half the time
38     Never
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


13     Every day
32     Once a year or more but not every month
53     Never
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


13     Every day
19     Once a year or more but not every month
61     Never
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


20     Once a year or more but not every month
59     Never
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


19     Once a year or more but not every month
62     Never
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


13     More than half the time
35     Less than half the time
52     Never
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


13     Once a month or more but not every week
13     Once a year or more but not every month
68     Never
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


13     Once a week or more but not every day
71     Never
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


14     Once a week or more but not every day
17     Once a year or more but not every month
69     Never
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


17     Less than half the time
70     Never
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


17     Irregular (changes with weather conditions, production demands, or contract duration)
83     Regular (established routine, set schedule)
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


13     Once a year or more but not every month
80     Never
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


93     Never
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


95     Never

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
Related Experience A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
Job Zone Examples Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, graphic designers, chemists, art directors, and cost estimators.
SVP Range (7.0 to < 8.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
83   Bachelor's degree
7   Associate's degree
5   Some college, no degree

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Credentials

Find Training Find Certifications Find Licenses Find Apprenticeships

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
95 
Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
89 
Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
50 
Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
28 
Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
17 
Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
11 
Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
95 
Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
93 
Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
91 
Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
87 
Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
86 
Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
86 
Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
81 
Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
78 
Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
77 
Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
74 
Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
74 
Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
73 
Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
73 
Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
72 
Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
60 
Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
59 
Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
78 
Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
72 
Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
72 
Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
70 
Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
61 
Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
61 
Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2016) $40.48 hourly, $84,190 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2014) 278,000 employees
Projected growth (2014-2024) Average (5% to 8%) Average (5% to 8%)
Projected job openings (2014-2024) 102,500
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2014)
Manufacturing (49% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2016 wage data external site and 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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