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Details Report for:
17-2199.09 - Nanosystems Engineers

Design, develop, or supervise the production of materials, devices, or systems of unique molecular or macromolecular composition, applying principles of nanoscale physics and electrical, chemical, or biological engineering.

Sample of reported job titles: Advanced Research Programs Director, Microarray Operations Vice President, Research Scientist, Scientist, Technical Programs Manager

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
81   Core
Write proposals to secure external funding or to partner with other companies.
79   Core
Synthesize, process, or characterize nanomaterials, using advanced tools or techniques.
79   Core
Supervise technologists or technicians engaged in nanotechnology research or production.
75   Core
Prepare reports, deliver presentations, or participate in program review activities to communicate engineering results or recommendations.
74   Core
Provide scientific or technical guidance or expertise to scientists, engineers, technologists, technicians, or others, using knowledge of chemical, analytical, or biological processes as applied to micro and nanoscale systems.
71   Core
Conduct research related to a range of nanotechnology topics, such as packaging, heat transfer, fluorescence detection, nanoparticle dispersion, hybrid systems, liquid systems, nanocomposites, nanofabrication, optoelectronics, or nanolithography.
68   Core
Identify new applications for existing nanotechnologies.
67   Core
Design or conduct tests of new nanotechnology products, processes, or systems.
66   Core
Develop processes or identify equipment needed for pilot or commercial nanoscale scale production.
65   Core
Generate high-resolution images or measure force-distance curves, using techniques such as atomic force microscopy.
64   Core
Design nano-enabled products with reduced toxicity, increased durability, or improved energy efficiency.  Green Task Statement
64   Core
Provide technical guidance or support to customers on topics such as nanosystem start-up, maintenance, or use.
60   Core
Prepare nanotechnology-related invention disclosures or patent applications.
58   Core
Engineer production processes for specific nanotechnology applications, such as electroplating, nanofabrication, or epoxy.
57   Core
Design or engineer nanomaterials, nanodevices, nano-enabled products, or nanosystems, using three-dimensional computer-aided design (CAD) software.
55   Core
Develop catalysis or other green chemistry methods to synthesize nanomaterials, such as nanotubes, nanocrystals, nanorods, or nanowires.  Green Task Statement
55   Core
Apply nanotechnology to improve the performance or reduce the environmental impact of energy products, such as fuel cells or solar cells.  Green Task Statement
54   Core
Create designs or prototypes for nanosystem applications, such as biomedical delivery systems or atomic force microscopes.
53   Core
Design nanosystems with components such as nanocatalysts or nanofiltration devices to clean specific pollutants from hazardous waste sites.  Green Task Statement
58   Supplemental
Coordinate or supervise the work of suppliers or vendors in the designing, building, or testing of nanosystem devices, such as lenses or probes.
48   Supplemental
Design nano-based manufacturing processes to minimize water, chemical, or energy use, as well as to reduce waste production.  Green Task Statement
38   Supplemental
Design nanoparticle catalysts to detect or remove chemical or other pollutants from water, soil, or air.  Green Task Statement
36   Supplemental
Reengineer nanomaterials to improve biodegradability.  Green Task Statement
35   Supplemental
Integrate nanotechnology with antimicrobial properties into products, such as household or medical appliances, to reduce the development of bacteria or other microbes.  Green Task Statement
28   Supplemental
Develop green building nanocoatings, such as self-cleaning, anti-stain, depolluting, anti-fogging, anti-icing, antimicrobial, moisture-resistant, or ultraviolet protectant coatings.  Green Task Statement

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Atomic absorption AA spectrometers — Atomic absorption spectrometers
  • Binocular light compound microscopes — Differential interference contrast DIC microscopes; Fluorescence optical microscopes; Optical inspection microscopes; Optical profilers
  • Capacitance meters — Capacitance-voltage C-V plotters
  • Computer servers
  • Cryogenic temperature controllers — Temperature controllers
  • Cryostats
  • Desktop computers
  • Drying cabinets or ovens — Critical point dryers; Spin dryers; Spin rinse dryers
  • Electronic measuring probes — Probe stations
  • Fume hoods or cupboards — Fume hoods
  • Goniometers
  • Handheld refractometers or polarimeters — Handheld refractometers
  • Impedance meters — Four-point probes; Impedance analyzers
  • Infrared dryers — Ultraviolet UV exposure units
  • Infrared spectrometers — Infrared microscopes
  • Inkjet printers
  • Isolation glove boxes
  • Laboratory evaporators — Filament evaporators; Resistance evaporators; Thermal evaporators
  • Laboratory safety furnaces — Ashing systems; Atmospheric furnaces; Oxidation furnaces
  • Lasers — Pulsed laser systems; Tunable lasers
  • Light scattering equipment — Zeta potential analyzers
  • Microprocessors — Graphics processing units GPU
  • Microtomes — Cryocut microtomes; Ultramicrotomes
  • Network analyzers
  • Optical diffraction apparatus — Particle size analyzers
  • Polarizing microscopes — Raman scattering microscopes
  • Potentiometers — Potentiostats
  • Reciprocating shaking water baths — Reciprocating shaker water baths
  • Scanning electron microscopes — Field emission scanning electron microscopes FESEM; Focused ion beam scanning electron microscopes FIB-SEM; Scanning auger microscopes; Scanning electron microscopes SEM
  • Scanning light or spinning disk or laser scanning microscopes — Confocal Raman microscopes; Laser scanning confocal microscopes
  • Scanning probe microscopes — Atomic force microscopes AFM; Scanning tunneling microscopes STM
  • Semiconductor process systems — Molecular beam epitaxy MBE systems; Nanoimprint lithography NIL systems; Plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition PECVD systems; Wafer saws (see all 25 examples)
  • Semiconductor testers — Semiconductor parameter analyzers
  • Signal generators — Laser pattern generators; Optical pattern generators
  • Spectrometers — Energy dispersive x-ray EDX spectroscopes; Raman scattering spectroscopes; Secondary ion mass spectrometers SIMS; X-ray photoelectron spectrometers
  • Spectrophotometers
  • Surface testers — Profilometers; Surface profilers
  • Temperature cycling chambers or thermal cyclers — Rapid thermal annealers RTA
  • Thermal differential analyzers — Laser flash systems
  • Thickness measuring devices — Ellipsometers; Scanning ellipsometers; Spectroscopic ellipsometers
  • Transmission electron microscopes — Transmission electron microscopes TEM
  • Tumblers or polishers — Chemical mechanical polishing CMP systems; Lapping machines
  • Vacuum ovens
  • Video attachments for microscopes — Video microscopes
  • Voltage or current meters — Surface charge analyzers
  • X ray diffraction equipment — X ray diffractometers

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Analytical or scientific software — Dassasult Systemes Abaqus; General Atomic and Molecular Electronic Structure System GAMESS; MAYA Nastran; UTQUANT (see all 17 examples)
  • Computer aided design CAD software Hot technology — Autodesk AutoCAD Hot technology ; Dassault Systemes CATIA Hot technology ; LinkCAD; Optical Research Associates LightTools (see all 9 examples)
  • Computer aided manufacturing CAM software Hot technology — Rapid prototyping software
  • Development environment software — National Instruments LabVIEW Hot technology
  • Enterprise resource planning ERP software Hot technology — SAP Hot technology
  • Graphics or photo imaging software — Adobe Systems Adobe FreeHand
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office
  • Operating system software — Linux Hot technology
  • Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint Hot technology
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel Hot technology
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word

Hot technology Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
94 
Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
88 
Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
85 
Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
79 
Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
71 
Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
67 
English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
64 
Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
61 
Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
50 
Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
50 
Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
50 
Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
47 
Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
37 
Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
37 
Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
30 
Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
28 
Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
28 
Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
27 
Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
27 
Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
26 
Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
26 
Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
23 
Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
20 
Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
16 
Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
16 
Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
14 
Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
12 
Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
12 
Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
10 
Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
6 
History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
5 
Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
5 
Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
3 
Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
75 
Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
75 
Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
72 
Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
72 
Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
72 
Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
69 
Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
69 
Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
69 
Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
66 
Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
66 
Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
56 
Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
56 
Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
53 
Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
53 
Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
53 
Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
53 
Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
50 
Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
50 
Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
50 
Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
47 
Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
47 
Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
47 
Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
44 
Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
44 
Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
44 
Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
44 
Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
35 
Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
35 
Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
35 
Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
35 
Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
31 
Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
28 
Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
28 
Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
28 
Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
0 
Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
75 
Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
75 
Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
75 
Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
75 
Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
72 
Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
72 
Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
72 
Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
72 
Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
72 
Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
69 
Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
66 
Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
66 
Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
63 
Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
63 
Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
63 
Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
60 
Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
56 
Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
50 
Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
50 
Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
47 
Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
44 
Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
44 
Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
44 
Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
44 
Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
41 
Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
41 
Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
38 
Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
35 
Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
31 
Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
31 
Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
28 
Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
28 
Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
28 
Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
25 
Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
25 
Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
25 
Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
22 
Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
22 
Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
19 
Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
13 
Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
6 
Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
3 
Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
3 
Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
3 
Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
0 
Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
0 
Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
0 
Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
0 
Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
0 
Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
0 
Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
0 
Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
0 
Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
91 
Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
88 
Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
87 
Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
83 
Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
83 
Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
82 
Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
82 
Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
79 
Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
79 
Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
78 
Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
77 
Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
72 
Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
72 
Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
71 
Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
71 
Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
69 
Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
67 
Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
65 
Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
63 
Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
63 
Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
62 
Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
61 
Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
61 
Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
58 
Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
58 
Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
57 
Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
57 
Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
57 
Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
53 
Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
50 
Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
50 
Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
46 
Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
45 
Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
43 
Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
40 
Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
38 
Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
31 
Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
28 
Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
28 
Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
27 
Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
26 
Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.

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Detailed Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Prepare proposal documents.
  • Operate precision equipment to control microscopic or nanoscopic processes.
  • Supervise engineering or other technical personnel.
  • Explain engineering drawings, specifications, or other technical information.
  • Prepare operational reports.
  • Provide technical guidance to other personnel.
  • Research engineering applications of emerging technologies.
  • Identify new applications for existing technologies.
  • Devise research or testing protocols.
  • Test performance of electrical, electronic, mechanical, or integrated systems or equipment.
  • Develop technical methods or processes.
  • Measure physical or chemical properties of materials or objects.
  • Design micro- or nano-scale materials, devices, or systems.
  • Advise customers on the use of products or services.
  • Prepare contracts, disclosures, or applications.
  • Coordinate activities with suppliers, contractors, clients, or other departments.
  • Design materials for industrial or commercial applications.
  • Develop operational methods or processes that use green materials or emphasize sustainability.
  • Design alternative energy systems.
  • Create physical models or prototypes.
  • Research engineering aspects of biological or chemical processes.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context

Percentage of Top Responses
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


96     Every day
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


91     Every day
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


75     More than 40 hours
25     40 hours
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


52     Every day
48     Once a week or more but not every day
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


48     Every day
39     Once a week or more but not every day
13     Once a month or more but not every week
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


39     Extremely important
48     Very important
13     Important
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


50     Extremely important
38     Very important
13     Fairly important
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


38     A lot of freedom
46     Some freedom
17     Limited freedom
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


38     A lot of freedom
42     Some freedom
21     Limited freedom
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


39     Every day
39     Once a week or more but not every day
17     Once a month or more but not every week
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


14     Extremely competitive
73     Highly competitive
14     Moderately competitive
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


38     Very high responsibility
38     High responsibility
13     Moderate responsibility
13     Limited responsibility
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


29     Constant contact with others
33     Contact with others most of the time
33     Contact with others about half the time
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


54     More than half the time
38     About half the time
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


17     Every day
35     Once a week or more but not every day
22     Once a month or more but not every week
22     Once a year or more but not every month
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


43     High responsibility
39     Moderate responsibility
13     Limited responsibility
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


39     Very important
30     Important
17     Fairly important
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


42     Once a week or more but not every day
46     Once a month or more but not every week
13     Once a year or more but not every month
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — What results do your decisions usually have on other people or the image or reputation or financial resources of your employer?


29     Important results
46     Moderate results
21     Minor results
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


30     Once a week or more but not every day
26     Once a month or more but not every week
22     Once a year or more but not every month
13     Never
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


13     Moderately close (at arm's length)
78     Slightly close (e.g., shared office)
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


22     Very serious
35     Serious
26     Fairly serious
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


17     Every day
17     Once a week or more but not every day
17     Once a month or more but not every week
35     Once a year or more but not every month
13     Never
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


25     More than half the time
21     About half the time
46     Less than half the time
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


13     Once a week or more but not every day
50     Once a month or more but not every week
38     Once a year or more but not every month
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


13     Once a week or more but not every day
29     Once a month or more but not every week
42     Once a year or more but not every month
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


17     Once a week or more but not every day
35     Once a month or more but not every week
43     Once a year or more but not every month
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


17     Once a week or more but not every day
25     Once a month or more but not every week
29     Once a year or more but not every month
21     Never
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


21     Very important
29     Important
33     Fairly important
17     Not important at all
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


13     More than half the time
35     About half the time
43     Less than half the time
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


17     Very important
13     Important
48     Fairly important
17     Not important at all
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


13     Highly automated
35     Moderately automated
30     Slightly automated
22     Not at all automated
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


33     Once a month or more but not every week
42     Once a year or more but not every month
17     Never
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


17     More than half the time
54     Less than half the time
21     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


17     Once a week or more but not every day
17     Once a month or more but not every week
33     Once a year or more but not every month
33     Never
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


17     Important
26     Fairly important
43     Not important at all
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


13     Once a month or more but not every week
74     Once a year or more but not every month
13     Never
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


52     Less than half the time
35     Never
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


33     Once a year or more but not every month
50     Never
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


17     Once a month or more but not every week
29     Once a year or more but not every month
50     Never
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


50     Once a year or more but not every month
46     Never
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


26     Once a year or more but not every month
65     Never
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


43     Less than half the time
57     Never
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


21     Irregular (changes with weather conditions, production demands, or contract duration)
79     Regular (established routine, set schedule)
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


29     Once a year or more but not every month
67     Never
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


38     Less than half the time
63     Never
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


22     Once a year or more but not every month
74     Never
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


22     Once a year or more but not every month
74     Never
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


27     Once a year or more but not every month
73     Never
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


21     Once a year or more but not every month
75     Never
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


17     Once a year or more but not every month
79     Never
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


88     Never
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


21     Less than half the time
79     Never
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


92     Never
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


91     Never
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


96     Never
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


95     Never

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
Related Experience Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
Job Training Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include librarians, lawyers, astronomers, biologists, clergy, surgeons, and veterinarians.
SVP Range (8.0 and above)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
38   Master's degree
29   Doctoral degree
8   Bachelor's degree

This occupation may require a background in the following science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) educational disciplines:

Physics/Astronomy — Elementary Particle Physics; Engineering Physics

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Credentials

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
95 
Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
67 
Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
61 
Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
33 
Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
28 
Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
6 
Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
89 
Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
83 
Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
83 
Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
82 
Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
81 
Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
78 
Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
78 
Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
74 
Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
73 
Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
70 
Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
69 
Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
67 
Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
64 
Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
54 
Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
46 
Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
39 
Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
95 
Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
83 
Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
78 
Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
78 
Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
39 
Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
28 
Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages data collected from Engineers, All Other.
Employment data collected from Engineers, All Other.
Industry data collected from Engineers, All Other.

Median wages (2015) $46.11 hourly, $95,900 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2014) 137,000 employees
Projected growth (2014-2024) Slower than average (2% to 4%) Slower than average (2% to 4%)
Projected job openings (2014-2024) 33,000
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2014)
Government (25% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data external site and 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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