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Details Report for:
17-2199.11 - Solar Energy Systems Engineers

Perform site-specific engineering analysis or evaluation of energy efficiency and solar projects involving residential, commercial, or industrial customers. Design solar domestic hot water and space heating systems for new and existing structures, applying knowledge of structural energy requirements, local climates, solar technology, and thermodynamics.

Sample of reported job titles: Consulting Engineer, Distributed Energy Systems Consultant, Energy Systems Laboratory Director, Engineering Vice President, Field Engineer, Power Systems Engineer, Renewable Energy Division Manager, Research Engineer, Solar Engineer

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
88   Core
Create plans for solar energy system development, monitoring, and evaluation activities.  Green Task Statement
86   Core
Conduct engineering site audits to collect structural, electrical, and related site information for use in the design of residential or commercial solar power systems.  Green Task Statement
86   Core
Design or coordinate design of photovoltaic (PV) or solar thermal systems, including system components, for residential and commercial buildings.  Green Task Statement
85   Core
Create electrical single-line diagrams, panel schedules, or connection diagrams for solar electric systems, using computer-aided design (CAD) software.  Green Task Statement
84   Core
Review specifications and recommend engineering or manufacturing changes to achieve solar design objectives.  Green Task Statement
81   Core
Develop design specifications and functional requirements for residential, commercial, or industrial solar energy systems or components.  Green Task Statement
79   Core
Provide technical direction or support to installation teams during installation, start-up, testing, system commissioning, or performance monitoring.  Green Task Statement
78   Core
Perform computer simulation of solar photovoltaic (PV) generation system performance or energy production to optimize efficiency.  Green Task Statement
66   Core
Develop standard operation procedures and quality or safety standards for solar installation work.  Green Task Statement
64   Core
Create checklists for review or inspection of completed solar installation projects.  Green Task Statement
57   Core
Test or evaluate photovoltaic (PV) cells or modules.  Green Task Statement
55   Core
Perform thermal, stress, or cost reduction analyses for solar systems.  Green Task Statement
30   Supplemental
Design or develop vacuum tube collector systems for solar applications.  Green Task Statement

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Abrasion testers
  • Ageing ovens — Accelerated weathering machines; Solar simulators
  • Ammeters — Picoammeters; Recording ammeters
  • Analytical balances — High-precision balances
  • Atomic absorption AA spectrometers — Atomic absorption spectrometers
  • Binocular light compound microscopes — Optical compound microscopes
  • Brushless motor DC — Direct current DC power supplies
  • Calorimeters — Differential scanning calorimeters
  • Capacitance meters — Inductance capacitance resistance LCR meters
  • Colorimeters — Spectrocolorimeters
  • Compression testers
  • Coulometers — Flow coulometric detectors
  • Creep testers
  • Electrical frequency meters — Phase angle meters
  • Electrometers
  • Extruders — Film extruders
  • Fatigue testers
  • Fish tape — Pull testers
  • Flexure or transverse testing machines — Flexure testers
  • Frequency calibrator or simulator — Photovoltaic array simulators
  • Goniometers
  • Graphic recorders — Current versus voltage IV curve tracers
  • Graphics tablets
  • Hand held camcorders or video cameras — Video cameras
  • Hardness testers
  • Hipot testers
  • Impact testers
  • Infrared dryers — Ultraviolet UV exposure units
  • Infrared imagers — Infrared cameras
  • Infrared spectrometers — Fourier transform infrared FTIR spectrometers
  • Isolation glove boxes — Inert atmosphere glove boxes
  • Laboratory evaporators — Electron beam evaporators; Vacuum evaporators
  • Laboratory mechanical convection ovens — Bench ovens; Humidity ovens
  • Laminators — Vacuum laminators
  • Laser fax machine — Laser facsimile machines
  • Laser printers
  • Lasers
  • Liquid chromatographs — Liquid chromatographs LC
  • Load frame — Load frames
  • Mass spectrometers
  • Megohmmeters — Meggers
  • Metal testing instruments — Adhesion testers
  • Moisture meters — Moisture analyzers
  • Multi gas monitors — Permeation testers
  • Optical character recognition systems — Optical scanners
  • Orbital shakers — Mechanical shakers
  • Personal computers
  • pH meters
  • Photocopiers — Copy machines
  • Plotter printers — Plotters
  • Pocket calculator — Hand calculators
  • Polarimeters — Polarographic analyzers
  • Portable data input terminals — Data loggers
  • Potentiometers — Chronopotentiometers; Potentiostats
  • Power meters — Apparent power meters; Power quality meters; Reactive power meters
  • Refrigerated and heated reach in environmental or growth chambers — Environmental chambers
  • Resistance thermometers — Digital resistance thermometers
  • Rheometers
  • Roughness measuring instruments — Surface profilometers
  • Scanning electron microscopes — Field emission scanning electron microscopes FESEM; Scanning electron microscopes SEM
  • Scanning probe microscopes — Scanning probe microscopes SPM
  • Semiconductor process systems — Focused ion beam FIB systems; Ion beam assisted deposition IBAD systems; Ion mills; Plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition PECVD systems (see all 8 examples)
  • Semiconductor testers — Lifetime testers
  • Shear strength testers — Shear testers
  • Signal generators — Digital pattern generators
  • Solar radiation surface observing apparatus — Irradiance detectors; Pyranometers
  • Spectrometers — Auger electron spectrometers; Electron energy loss spectrometers; Energy dispersive x-ray spectrometers EDS; X-ray photoelectron spectrometers (see all 7 examples)
  • Spectrophotometers — Fluorescence spectrophotometers
  • Strain gauges
  • Temperature cycling chambers or thermal cyclers — Thermal cyclers
  • Tension testers — Tensile testers
  • Thermo gravimetry analyzers — Thermogravimetric analyzers
  • Thermocouples — Thermopiles
  • Thickness measuring devices — Spectroscopic ellipsometers
  • Transmission electron microscopes — Transmission electron microscopes TEM
  • Tube furnaces — Laboratory tube furnaces
  • Ultrasonic cleaning equipment — Ultrasonic cleaners
  • Vacuum ovens
  • Videoscopes — Digital imaging microscopes
  • Voltage or current meters — Voltmeters
  • X ray diffraction equipment — X ray diffractometers

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Analytical or scientific software — Simulation software; SOLAR-2; SolTrace; The MathWorks MATLAB Hot technology (see all 18 examples)
  • Computer aided design CAD software Hot technology — Autodesk AutoCAD Hot technology ; Autodesk AutoCAD LT; Dassault Systemes SolidWorks; TurboCAD IMSI
  • Data base user interface and query software — Microsoft Access Hot technology
  • Development environment software — National Instruments LabVIEW Hot technology
  • Electronic mail software — Microsoft Outlook Hot technology
  • Mobile location based services software — Global positioning system GPS software
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office
  • Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint Hot technology
  • Project management software — Microsoft Project Hot technology
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel Hot technology
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word

Hot technology Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
83 
Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
75 
Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
66 
Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
63 
Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
57 
Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
56 
Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
55 
English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
52 
Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
50 
Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
47 
Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
46 
Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
46 
Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
44 
Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
39 
Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
35 
Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
34 
Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
33 
Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
31 
Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
29 
Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
25 
Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
24 
Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
24 
Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
22 
Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
15 
Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
14 
Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
8 
Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
7 
Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
5 
Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
5 
Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
2 
History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
2 
Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
1 
Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
0 
Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
72 
Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
66 
Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
66 
Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
66 
Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
66 
Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
63 
Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
63 
Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
60 
Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
53 
Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
53 
Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
53 
Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
50 
Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
50 
Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
50 
Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
47 
Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
47 
Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
47 
Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
47 
Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
47 
Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
47 
Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
44 
Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
41 
Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
41 
Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
38 
Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
35 
Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
31 
Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
31 
Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
31 
Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
28 
Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
28 
Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
25 
Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
25 
Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
22 
Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
19 
Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
0 
Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
78 
Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
75 
Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
69 
Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
69 
Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
69 
Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
66 
Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
66 
Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
63 
Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
63 
Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
60 
Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
60 
Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
56 
Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
56 
Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
53 
Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
53 
Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
53 
Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
50 
Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
50 
Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
44 
Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
44 
Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
44 
Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
41 
Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
41 
Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
38 
Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
38 
Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
35 
Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
31 
Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
31 
Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
31 
Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
31 
Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
31 
Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
28 
Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
25 
Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
25 
Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
25 
Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
22 
Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
22 
Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
22 
Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
22 
Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
22 
Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
22 
Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
19 
Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
16 
Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
3 
Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
0 
Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
0 
Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
0 
Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
0 
Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
0 
Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
0 
Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
0 
Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
0 
Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
78 
Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
74 
Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
73 
Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
73 
Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
73 
Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
72 
Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
68 
Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
67 
Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
64 
Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
63 
Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
61 
Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
61 
Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
61 
Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
60 
Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
59 
Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
59 
Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
58 
Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
58 
Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
57 
Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
57 
Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
56 
Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
55 
Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
53 
Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
53 
Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
52 
Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
50 
Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
50 
Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
49 
Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
48 
Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
46 
Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
46 
Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
44 
Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
43 
Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
42 
Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
39 
Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
39 
Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
32 
Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
31 
Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
29 
Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
25 
Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
21 
Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.

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Detailed Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Prepare detailed work plans.
  • Design alternative energy systems.
  • Collect data about project sites.
  • Create graphical representations of energy production systems.
  • Evaluate plans or specifications to determine technological or environmental implications.
  • Recommend technical design or process changes to improve efficiency, quality, or performance.
  • Determine design criteria or specifications.
  • Provide technical guidance to other personnel.
  • Create models of engineering designs or methods.
  • Determine operational methods.
  • Inspect finished products to locate flaws.
  • Test green technologies or processes.
  • Analyze costs and benefits of proposed designs or projects.
  • Analyze green technology design requirements.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context

Percentage of Top Responses
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


86     Every day
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


82     Every day
14     Once a week or more but not every day
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


59     Every day
36     Once a week or more but not every day
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


32     Extremely important
41     Very important
27     Important
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


18     A lot of freedom
59     Some freedom
23     Limited freedom
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


32     Extremely important
36     Very important
23     Important
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


29     Constant contact with others
29     Contact with others most of the time
38     Contact with others about half the time
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


55     Every day
14     Once a year or more but not every month
14     Never
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


27     A lot of freedom
27     Some freedom
41     Limited freedom
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — What results do your decisions usually have on other people or the image or reputation or financial resources of your employer?


18     Very important results
45     Important results
32     Moderate results
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


14     Every day
36     Once a week or more but not every day
45     Once a month or more but not every week
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


33     High responsibility
52     Moderate responsibility
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


23     Every day
27     Once a week or more but not every day
27     Once a month or more but not every week
14     Once a year or more but not every month
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


23     Every day
27     Once a week or more but not every day
23     Once a month or more but not every week
18     Once a year or more but not every month
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


41     Once a week or more but not every day
36     Once a month or more but not every week
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


14     Continually or almost continually
50     More than half the time
14     Less than half the time
14     Never
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


27     Highly competitive
64     Moderately competitive
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


27     Every day
23     Once a week or more but not every day
32     Once a year or more but not every month
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


19     Very important
57     Important
14     Fairly important
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


29     High responsibility
33     Moderate responsibility
24     Limited responsibility
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


23     More than 40 hours
59     40 hours
18     Less than 40 hours
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


24     Once a week or more but not every day
38     Once a month or more but not every week
24     Once a year or more but not every month
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


36     Once a week or more but not every day
32     Once a month or more but not every week
23     Never
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


23     Very important
41     Important
18     Fairly important
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


14     Very close (near touching)
41     Slightly close (e.g., shared office)
36     I work with others but not closely (e.g., private office)
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


23     Once a week or more but not every day
27     Once a month or more but not every week
32     Once a year or more but not every month
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


23     Once a week or more but not every day
36     Once a month or more but not every week
27     Once a year or more but not every month
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


14     Every day
41     Once a month or more but not every week
27     Once a year or more but not every month
14     Never
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


23     Continually or almost continually
41     Less than half the time
18     Never
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


20     Once a week or more but not every day
40     Once a month or more but not every week
25     Once a year or more but not every month
15     Never
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


14     Very serious
27     Serious
23     Fairly serious
27     Not serious at all
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


41     Once a month or more but not every week
23     Once a year or more but not every month
23     Never
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


77     Less than half the time
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


59     Irregular (changes with weather conditions, production demands, or contract duration)
36     Regular (established routine, set schedule)
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


14     Once a week or more but not every day
23     Once a month or more but not every week
36     Once a year or more but not every month
27     Never
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


32     Once a month or more but not every week
45     Once a year or more but not every month
18     Never
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


23     Important
36     Fairly important
32     Not important at all
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


14     Once a week or more but not every day
48     Once a year or more but not every month
29     Never
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


27     Once a month or more but not every week
55     Once a year or more but not every month
18     Never
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


14     Once a week or more but not every day
45     Once a year or more but not every month
32     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


14     Once a week or more but not every day
45     Once a year or more but not every month
36     Never
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


82     Less than half the time
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


14     Once a month or more but not every week
45     Once a year or more but not every month
36     Never
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


14     About half the time
45     Less than half the time
36     Never
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


77     Less than half the time
18     Never
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


23     Once a month or more but not every week
23     Once a year or more but not every month
50     Never
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


45     Less than half the time
41     Never
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


55     Less than half the time
36     Never
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


59     Less than half the time
36     Never
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


14     Moderately automated
32     Slightly automated
50     Not at all automated
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


41     Once a year or more but not every month
55     Never
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


14     Once a month or more but not every week
27     Once a year or more but not every month
59     Never
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


86     Never
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


82     Never
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


18     Fairly important
77     Not important at all
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


14     Once a year or more but not every month
86     Never
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


91     Never

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
Related Experience A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
Job Zone Examples Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, graphic designers, chemists, art directors, and cost estimators.
SVP Range (7.0 to < 8.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
73   Bachelor's degree
9   Post-baccalaureate certificate Help
5   Less than high school diploma

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Credentials

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
89 
Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
78 
Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
39 
Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
39 
Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
17 
Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
6 
Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
77 
Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
76 
Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
76 
Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
74 
Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
68 
Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
68 
Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
68 
Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
68 
Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
68 
Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
66 
Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
62 
Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
61 
Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
61 
Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
60 
Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
54 
Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
45 
Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
83 
Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
78 
Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
72 
Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
72 
Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
39 
Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
33 
Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages data collected from Engineers, All Other.
Employment data collected from Engineers, All Other.
Industry data collected from Engineers, All Other.

Median wages (2015) $46.11 hourly, $95,900 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2014) 137,000 employees
Projected growth (2014-2024) Slower than average (2% to 4%) Slower than average (2% to 4%)
Projected job openings (2014-2024) 33,000
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2014)
Government (25% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data external site and 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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