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Details Report for:
19-1029.02 - Molecular and Cellular Biologists

Research and study cellular molecules and organelles to understand cell function and organization.

Sample of reported job titles: Molecular Biology Director, Molecular Biology Professor

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Tasks  |  Technology Skills  |  Tools Used  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
99   Core
Maintain accurate laboratory records and data.
97   Core
Design molecular or cellular laboratory experiments, oversee their execution, and interpret results.
96   Core
Compile and analyze molecular or cellular experimental data and adjust experimental designs as necessary.
91   Core
Conduct research on cell organization and function, including mechanisms of gene expression, cellular bioinformatics, cell signaling, or cell differentiation.
86   Core
Supervise technical personnel and postdoctoral research fellows.
86   Core
Perform laboratory procedures following protocols including deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) sequencing, cloning and extraction, ribonucleic acid (RNA) purification, or gel electrophoresis.
85   Core
Direct, coordinate, organize, or prioritize biological laboratory activities.
85   Core
Prepare reports, manuscripts, and meeting presentations.
77   Core
Instruct undergraduate and graduate students within the areas of cellular or molecular biology.
69   Core
Monitor or operate specialized equipment such as gas chromatographs and high pressure liquid chromatographs, electrophoresis units, thermocyclers, fluorescence activated cell sorters, and phosphorimagers.
68   Core
Develop assays that monitor cell characteristics.
63   Core
Coordinate molecular or cellular research activities with scientists specializing in other fields.
63   Core
Evaluate new technologies to enhance or complement current research.
61   Core
Provide scientific direction for project teams regarding the evaluation or handling of devices, drugs, or cells for in vitro and in vivo disease models.
58   Core
Develop guidelines for procedures such as the management of viruses.
54   Core
Evaluate new supplies and equipment to ensure operability in specific laboratory settings.
50   Core
Verify all financial, physical, and human resources assigned to research or development projects are used as planned.
47   Supplemental
Conduct applied research aimed at improvements in areas such as disease testing, crop quality, pharmaceuticals, and the harnessing of microbes to recycle waste.
47   Supplemental
Participate in all levels of bioproduct development, including proposing new products, performing market analyses, designing and performing experiments, and collaborating with operations and quality control teams during product launches.
41   Supplemental
Design databases such as mutagenesis libraries.
34   Supplemental
Confer with vendors to evaluate new equipment or reagents or to discuss the customization of product lines to meet user requirements.

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Technology Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Analytical or scientific software — Minitab Hot technology ; NetPrimer; RasMol; Textco BioSoftware Gene Inspector (see all 27 examples)
  • Computer aided design CAD software Hot technology — Mathsoft Mathcad
  • Data base user interface and query software — Deoxyribonucleic acid DNA libraries
  • Data mining software
  • Graphics or photo imaging software — Molecular Devices Corporation MetaMorph
  • Internet browser software — Web browser software
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel Hot technology
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word

Hot technology Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.

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Tools Used   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Automated microscope stages — Automated microscopes
  • Benchtop centrifuges — Tabletop centrifuges
  • Binocular light compound microscopes — Laboratory binocular optical microscopes
  • Centrifuge tubes
  • Chemical or gas sterilizers — Laboratory chemical autoclaves
  • Complementary deoxyribonucleic acid cDNA synthesis kits — Deoxyribonucleic acid DNA synthesizers
  • Deoxyribonucleic sequence analyzers — Automated DNA sequencing equipment
  • Desktop computers
  • Dry baths or heating blocks — Heat blocks
  • Dry wall single chamber carbon dioxide incubators — Automatic carbon dioxide CO2 incubators
  • Electron guns — Phosphorimagers
  • Electronic multichannel pipetters — Multichannel micropipettes
  • Electrophoresis system accessories — Electrophoresis cameras
  • Eyewashers or eye wash stations — Emergency eye wash stations
  • Floor centrifuges — Laboratory floor centrifuges
  • Fluorescent microscopes — Fluorescence microscopes
  • Fume hoods or cupboards — Chemical hoods
  • Gas chromatographs — Gas chromatography equipment
  • Gel documentation systems — Gel electrophoresis equipment
  • General cloning vectors — Cloning kits
  • General purpose refrigerators or refrigerator freezers — Laboratory freezers
  • Heating or drying equipment or accessories — Dessicators
  • High pressure liquid chromatograph chromatography — High pressure liquid chromatograph HPLC equipment
  • Hybridization ovens or incubators — Nucleic acid hybridization ovens
  • Immunology or serology test kits or supplies — Serological kits
  • Inverted microscopes — Inverted binocular microscopes
  • Laboratory balances — Microbalances
  • Laboratory beakers — Glass beakers
  • Laboratory dishes — Cloning cylinders
  • Laboratory vacuum pumps
  • Laminar flow cabinets or stations — Laminar flow hoods
  • Manual or electronic hematology differential cell counters — Automated cell counters
  • Manual single channel positive displacement pipetters — Manual single channel positive displacement pipettes
  • Manual single channel repeating pipetters
  • Mass spectrometers
  • Medical computed tomography CT or CAT scanners or tubes — Computerized axial tomography CAT scanners
  • Medical magnetic resonance imaging MRI scanners — Magnetic resonance imaging MRI systems
  • Microbiology analyzers — Flow cytometers
  • Microcentrifuges
  • Microplate readers
  • Notebook computers — Laptop computers
  • Nuclear magnetic resonance NMR spectrometers — Nuclear magnetic resonance NMR spectroscopes
  • Orbital shakers — Laboratory orbital shakers
  • Pasteur or transfer pipettes — Laboratory transfer pipettes
  • Personal computers
  • pH meters — pH analyzers
  • Photo attachments for microscopes — Charge-coupled device CCD cameras
  • Plate incubators — Bacterial plate incubators
  • Protective gloves — Safety gloves
  • Rapid amplification or complementary deoxyribonucleic acid ends RACE technology products — Polymerase chain reaction PCR equipment
  • Refrigerated benchtop centrifuges — Cooled benchtop centrifuges
  • Robotic or automated liquid handling systems — Robotic fluidics stations
  • Scanning light or spinning disk or laser scanning microscopes — Scanning laser confocal microscopes
  • Spectrofluorimeters or fluorimeters — Fluorimeters
  • Spectrophotometers — Ultraviolet-Visible UV/VIS spectrophotometers
  • Stereo or dissecting light microscopes — Dissecting microscopes
  • Stirring hotplates — Magnetic stirring hot plates
  • Temperature cycling chambers or thermal cyclers — Gradiant thermocyclers; Polymerase chain reaction PCR thermocyclers; Thermocyclers
  • Tissue culture incubators — Yeast culture incubators
  • Transilluminators — Gel imaging apparatus
  • Ultra pure water systems — Water purification systems
  • Volumetric pipettes — Variable volume pipettes
  • Vortex mixers — Vortex rotators
  • Water baths — Laboratory water baths

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
97 
Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
76 
Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
73 
English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
64 
Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
58 
Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
49 
Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
47 
Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
39 
Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
39 
Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
38 
Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
31 
Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
31 
Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
29 
Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
28 
Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
25 
Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
23 
Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
20 
Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
20 
Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
19 
Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
18 
Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
10 
Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
10 
Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
9 
Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
7 
Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
6 
Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
6 
Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
6 
Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
4 
Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
4 
Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
4 
Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
3 
History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
2 
Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
1 
Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
97 
Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
85 
Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
81 
Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
78 
Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
75 
Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
75 
Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
75 
Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
75 
Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
75 
Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
72 
Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
72 
Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
69 
Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
63 
Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
60 
Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
60 
Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
53 
Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
53 
Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
53 
Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
50 
Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
50 
Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
47 
Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
47 
Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
44 
Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
44 
Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
38 
Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
38 
Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
38 
Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
38 
Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
38 
Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
25 
Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
25 
Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
22 
Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
0 
Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
0 
Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
0 
Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
88 
Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
85 
Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
78 
Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
75 
Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
75 
Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
75 
Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
75 
Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
75 
Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
75 
Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
75 
Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
72 
Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
72 
Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
69 
Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
66 
Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
66 
Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
60 
Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
60 
Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
56 
Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
56 
Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
53 
Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
53 
Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
50 
Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
50 
Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
47 
Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
47 
Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
44 
Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
41 
Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
38 
Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
35 
Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
31 
Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
25 
Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
25 
Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
25 
Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
25 
Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
22 
Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
22 
Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
19 
Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
19 
Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
19 
Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
13 
Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
10 
Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
6 
Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
6 
Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
3 
Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
0 
Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
0 
Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
0 
Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
0 
Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
0 
Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
0 
Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
0 
Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
0 
Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
91 
Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
88 
Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
87 
Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
84 
Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
84 
Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
83 
Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
81 
Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
79 
Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
78 
Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
76 
Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
76 
Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
71 
Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
69 
Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
66 
Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
65 
Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
65 
Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
61 
Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
61 
Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
60 
Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
55 
Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
52 
Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
49 
Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
49 
Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
49 
Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
48 
Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
46 
Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
43 
Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
43 
Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
43 
Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
42 
Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
41 
Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
36 
Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
32 
Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
26 
Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
26 
Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
25 
Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
22 
Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
22 
Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
21 
Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
9 
Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
8 
Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.

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Detailed Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Record research or operational data.
  • Plan biological research.
  • Analyze biological samples.
  • Research microbiological or chemical processes or structures.
  • Supervise scientific or technical personnel.
  • Direct scientific activities.
  • Prepare scientific or technical reports or presentations.
  • Instruct college students in physical or life sciences.
  • Operate laboratory or field equipment.
  • Develop biological research methods.
  • Coordinate cross-disciplinary research programs.
  • Evaluate new technologies or methods.
  • Direct medical science or healthcare programs.
  • Establish standards for medical care.
  • Inspect equipment to ensure proper functioning.
  • Manage scientific or technical project resources.
  • Develop new or advanced products or production methods.
  • Research crop management methods.
  • Develop technical or scientific databases.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context

Percentage of Top Responses
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


100     Every day
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


83     Every day
13     Once a week or more but not every day
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


78     Extremely important
17     Very important
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


83     More than 40 hours
17     40 hours
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


70     Every day
26     Once a week or more but not every day
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


45     A lot of freedom
50     Some freedom
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


43     A lot of freedom
52     Some freedom
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


45     Every day
41     Once a week or more but not every day
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


22     Extremely important
48     Very important
22     Important
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


57     Highly competitive
26     Moderately competitive
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


14     Continually or almost continually
41     More than half the time
27     About half the time
14     Less than half the time
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


43     Contact with others most of the time
35     Contact with others about half the time
17     Occasional contact with others
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


13     Every day
35     Once a week or more but not every day
35     Once a month or more but not every week
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


17     Every day
30     Once a week or more but not every day
26     Once a month or more but not every week
13     Once a year or more but not every month
13     Never
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


35     High responsibility
57     Moderate responsibility
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


35     Once a week or more but not every day
39     Once a month or more but not every week
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


35     More than half the time
52     About half the time
13     Less than half the time
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


17     Moderately close (at arm's length)
78     Slightly close (e.g., shared office)
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


30     Once a week or more but not every day
26     Once a month or more but not every week
30     Once a year or more but not every month
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


26     High responsibility
43     Moderate responsibility
17     Limited responsibility
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — What results do your decisions usually have on other people or the image or reputation or financial resources of your employer?


23     Important results
27     Moderate results
27     Minor results
14     No results
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


26     Very important
26     Important
22     Fairly important
17     Not important at all
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


13     More than half the time
61     About half the time
26     Less than half the time
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


13     Once a week or more but not every day
61     Once a month or more but not every week
22     Once a year or more but not every month
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


52     Once a month or more but not every week
39     Once a year or more but not every month
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


27     More than half the time
18     About half the time
55     Less than half the time
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


18     Very serious
36     Serious
23     Fairly serious
18     Not serious at all
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


17     Very important
26     Important
39     Fairly important
13     Not important at all
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


23     Once a week or more but not every day
18     Once a month or more but not every week
45     Once a year or more but not every month
14     Never
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


39     Once a month or more but not every week
43     Once a year or more but not every month
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


13     Every day
22     Once a month or more but not every week
35     Once a year or more but not every month
26     Never
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


30     Moderately automated
52     Slightly automated
13     Not at all automated
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


26     Once a month or more but not every week
61     Once a year or more but not every month
13     Never
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


22     Once a month or more but not every week
39     Once a year or more but not every month
30     Never
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


36     Once a month or more but not every week
32     Once a year or more but not every month
32     Never
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


13     Once a week or more but not every day
17     Once a month or more but not every week
13     Once a year or more but not every month
57     Never
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


70     Once a year or more but not every month
26     Never
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


70     Less than half the time
30     Never
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


39     Once a year or more but not every month
52     Never
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


39     Fairly important
57     Not important at all
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


26     Once a year or more but not every month
65     Never
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


36     Less than half the time
59     Never
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


22     Irregular (changes with weather conditions, production demands, or contract duration)
78     Regular (established routine, set schedule)
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


30     Less than half the time
70     Never
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


83     Never
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


26     Once a year or more but not every month
74     Never
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


13     Once a year or more but not every month
83     Never
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


22     Fairly important
78     Not important at all
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


13     Less than half the time
87     Never
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


91     Never
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


91     Never
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


96     Never
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


96     Never
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


96     Never
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


96     Never
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


96     Never
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


100     Never

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
Related Experience Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
Job Training Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include librarians, lawyers, astronomers, biologists, clergy, surgeons, and veterinarians.
SVP Range (8.0 and above)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
30   Bachelor's degree
30   Post-doctoral training
22   Doctoral degree

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Credentials

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
100 
Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
72 
Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
61 
Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
33 
Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
6 
Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
0 
Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
95 
Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
91 
Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
90 
Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
89 
Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
83 
Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
81 
Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
79 
Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
77 
Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
72 
Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
70 
Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
62 
Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
62 
Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
59 
Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
58 
Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
45 
Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
32 
Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
83 
Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
81 
Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
78 
Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
78 
Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
56 
Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
33 
Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages data collected from Biological Scientists, All Other.
Employment data collected from Biological Scientists, All Other.
Industry data collected from Biological Scientists, All Other.

Median wages (2015) $36.13 hourly, $75,150 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2014) 36,000 employees
Projected growth (2014-2024) Little or no change (-1% to 1%) Little or no change (-1% to 1%)
Projected job openings (2014-2024) 9,700
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2014)
Government (51% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data external site and 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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