Summary Report for:
49-9021.02 - Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers
Install and repair industrial and commercial refrigerating systems.
Sample of reported job titles: HVAC / R Technician (Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning / Refrigeration Technician); HVAC Service Technician (Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning Service Technician); HVAC Tech (Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning Service Technician); HVAC Technician (Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning Technician); HVAC/R Service Technician (Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning/Refrigeration Service Technician); Refrigeration Mechanic; Refrigeration Operator; Refrigeration Technician (Refrigeration Tech); Service Technician (Service Tech); Transportation Refrigeration Technician
Tasks | Technology Skills | Tools Used | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Observe and test system operation, using gauges and instruments.
- Test lines, components, and connections for leaks.
- Adjust valves according to specifications and charge system with proper type of refrigerant by pumping the specified gas or fluid into the system.
- Adjust or replace worn or defective mechanisms and parts and reassemble repaired systems.
- Braze or solder parts to repair defective joints and leaks.
- Perform mechanical overhauls and refrigerant reclaiming.
- Install expansion and control valves, using acetylene torches and wrenches.
- Mount compressor, condenser, and other components in specified locations on frames, using hand tools and acetylene welding equipment.
- Dismantle malfunctioning systems and test components, using electrical, mechanical, and pneumatic testing equipment.
- Keep records of repairs and replacements made and causes of malfunctions.
- Estimate, order, pick up, deliver, and install materials and supplies needed to maintain equipment in good working condition.
- Cut, bend, thread, and connect pipe to functional components and water, power, or refrigeration system.
- Install wiring to connect components to an electric power source.
- Read blueprints to determine location, size, capacity, and type of components needed to build refrigeration system.
- Fabricate and assemble structural and functional components of refrigeration systems, using hand tools, power tools, and welding equipment.
- Schedule work with customers and initiate work orders, house requisitions, and orders from stock.
- Supervise and instruct assistants.
- Lay out reference points for installation of structural and functional components, using measuring instruments.
- Lift and align components into position, using hoist or block and tackle.
- Drill holes and install mounting brackets and hangers into floor and walls of building.
- Insulate shells and cabinets of systems.
- Data base user interface and query software — Database software
- Electronic mail software — Microsoft Outlook
- Enterprise resource planning ERP software — SAP
- Facilities management software — Facility energy management software; Johnson Controls Metasys
- Industrial control software — Building automation software
- Office suite software — Microsoft Office
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
- Word processing software — Microsoft Word
Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.
- Adjustable widemouth pliers
- Adjustable wrenches
- Air compressors
- Air velocity and temperature monitors — Draft gauges; Velometers
- Alignment jig — Material alignment jigs
- Ammeters — Milliammeters
- Blow torch — Acetylene torches
- Bolt cutters
- Calipers — Vernier calipers
- Capacitance meters — Capacitance testers
- Caulking guns
- Chalk lines
- Chemical test strips or papers — Litmus papers
- Cold chisels
- Conduit benders
- Dial indicator or dial gauge — Dial indicators
- Drill bit set — Drill bit sets
- Electrical frequency meters — Electrical frequency indicators
- End cut pliers — Side cutting pliers
- Explosimeters — Combustion analyzers
- Feeler gauges
- Fish tape — Fish tapes
- Flow sensors — Air volume test equipment
- Flowmeters — Air flow hoods; Pitot tubes
- Frequency calibrator or simulator — Current simulators; Voltage simulators
- GFI circuit testers — Ground fault circuit interrupter GFCI testers
- Glue guns
- Goggles — Safety goggles
- Grease guns
- Hacksaw — Hacksaws
- Hand reamer — Reamers
- Hand sprayers
- Hand trucks or accessories — Hand trucks
- Handheld refractometers or polarimeters — Portable refractometers
- Handheld thermometer — Handheld thermometers; Water temperature gauges
- Hex keys — Allen wrenches
- Hold down clamps
- Hole saws
- Hydraulic pumps — Transfer pumps
- Infrared imagers — Infrared thermography cameras and display units
- Label making machines — Labeling machines
- Laser printers
- Leak testing equipment — Smoke testers
- Level sensors or transmitters — Transit levels
- Levels — Bubble levels; Laser levels; Precision levels; Water levels
- Lifelines or lifeline equipment — Fall arrest lines
- Liquid leak detectors — Refrigerant leak detectors
- Lug crimping tool dies
- Manual wire straighteners — Fin combs
- Medical acoustic stethoscope or accessory — Mechanical stethoscopes
- Metal band sawing machine — Bandsaws
- Microcontrollers — Programmable logic controllers PLC
- Moisture meters — Micron gauges
- Notebook computers — Laptop computers
- Nut drivers
- Ohmmeters — Volt-ohm meters VOM
- Oil pumps — Refrigerant oil pumps
- Open end wrenches
- Oxygen gas analyzers — Oxygen testers
- Personal computers
- Phasemeters — Phase rotation meters
- Pipe or tube cutter — Pipe cutters; Tube cutters
- Pipe wrenches
- Platform lift — Platform lifts; Staging equipment
- Plotter printers — Plotters
- Portable data input terminals — Computer diagnostic devices; Dataloggers
- Power drills — Cordless drills; Electric drills; Hand drills
- Power flaring tool — Flaring tools
- Power saws — Reciprocating saws
- Pressure indicators — Gas pressure gauges; Magnehelic gauges; Pressure simulators
- Pressure or steam cleaners — Power washers
- Pry bars — Crowbars
- Punches or nail sets or drifts — Knockout punches; Punches
- Razor knives — Scrapers
- Refrigerant compressors — Charging cylinders; Charging manifolds
- Safety glasses
- Safety harnesses or belts — Safety belts; Safety harnesses
- Sampling manifolds — Service manifold sets
- Scales — Scale rules
- Scanners — Image scanners
- Screw extractors — Screw extractor sets
- Shackle — Shackles
- Single gas monitors — Carbon dioxide CO2 testers; Carbon monoxide evaluators
- Socket sets — Socket wrench sets
- Soldering iron — Soldering guns; Soldering irons
- Sound measuring apparatus or decibel meter — Decibel meters
- Specialty wrenches — Valve wrenches
- Straight edges — Straightedges
- Stripping tools — Wire strippers
- Swaging tools
- Tachometers — Strobe tachometers
- Tape measures
- Telescoping boom lift — Telescoping boom trucks
- Temperature calibrator or simulator — Temperature simulators
- Temperature gauge — Temperature gauges
- Temperature humidity testers — Humidity simulators
- Tension testers — Belt tension indicators
- Thermocouple probes — Thermocouple testers
- Threading dies — Pipe dies; Pipe threaders
- Threading taps — Tap sets
- Tinners snips — Tin snips
- Torque wrenches
- Two way radios
- Ultraviolet UV lamps — Black lights
- Utility knives
- Vacuum cleaners — Industrial vacuums
- Vacuum gauges — Compound gauges
- Vacuum pumps — Recovery and recycle units
- Vibration testers — Vibration analyis equipment
- Wattmeters — Watt transducers
- Welder torch — Brazing equipment
- Winches — Staging winches
- Wire brushes
- Wire cutters
- Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
- Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
- Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
- Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
- Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
- Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
- English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
- Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
- Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
- Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
- Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
- Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
- Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
- Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
- Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
- Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
- Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
- Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
- Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
- Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
- Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
- Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
- Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
- Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
- Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
- Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
- Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
- Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
- Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
- Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
- Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
- Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
- Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
- Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
- Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
- Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
- Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
- Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
- Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
- Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
- Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
- Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
- Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
- Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
- Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
- Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
- Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
- Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
- Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
- Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
- Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
- Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
- Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
- Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
Detailed Work Activities
- Inspect systems to determine if they are operating properly.
- Repair pipes to stop leaking.
- Adjust equipment to ensure optimal performance.
- Replace worn, damaged, or defective mechanical parts.
- Braze metal parts or components.
- Install machine or equipment replacement parts.
- Repair worn, damaged, or defective mechanical parts.
- Install heating, ventilation, or air conditioning (HVAC) equipment.
- Disassemble equipment to inspect for deficiencies.
- Test mechanical systems to ensure proper functioning.
- Maintain repair or maintenance records.
- Install home appliances.
- Order materials, supplies, or equipment.
- Travel to work sites to perform installation, repair or maintenance work.
- Connect electrical components or equipment.
- Cut materials according to specifications or needs.
- Interpret blueprints, specifications, or diagrams to inform installation, development or operation activities.
- Fabricate parts or components.
- Schedule repair, installation or maintenance activities.
- Supervise employees.
- Train others in operational procedures.
- Lay out work according to specifications.
- Operate cranes, hoists, or other moving or lifting equipment.
- Drill holes in parts, equipment, or materials.
- Install hardware or other interior fixtures.
- Install insulation in equipment or structures.
- Contact With Others — 78% responded “Constant contact with others.”
- Telephone — 79% responded “Every day.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 12% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions
- Frequency of Decision Making — 60% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 73% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 59% responded “Every day.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 49% responded “Extremely important.”
- Electronic Mail — 11% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 68% responded “Very important results.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 43% responded “Extremely important.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 57% responded “More than 40 hours.”
- Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 49% responded “Every day.”
- Exposed to Contaminants — 44% responded “Every day.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 41% responded “Very high responsibility.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — 38% responded “Every day.”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 43% responded “Every day.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 38% responded “Some freedom.”
- Deal With External Customers — 30% responded “Very important.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 43% responded “Every day.”
- Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — 39% responded “Every day.”
- Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 50% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — 38% responded “Every day.”
- Time Pressure — 41% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 46% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Consequence of Error — 50% responded “Extremely serious.”
- Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 41% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 29% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Exposed to High Places — 31% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 58% responded “More than half the time.”
- Spend Time Standing — 55% responded “More than half the time.”
- Outdoors, Under Cover — 34% responded “Every day.”
- Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 42% responded “Very important.”
- In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — 53% responded “Every day.”
- Physical Proximity — 12% responded “Slightly close (e.g., shared office).”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 39% responded “Important.”
- Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — 41% responded “About half the time.”
- Spend Time Walking and Running — 32% responded “More than half the time.”
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 38% responded “Limited responsibility.”
|Title||Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.|
|Related Experience||Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include hydroelectric production managers, travel guides, electricians, agricultural technicians, barbers, court reporters, and medical assistants.|
|SVP Range||(6.0 to < 7.0)|
Interest code: RCE Want to discover your interests? Take the O*NET Interest Profiler at My Next Move.
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
- Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
Wages & Employment Trends
Median wages data collected from Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers.
Employment data collected from Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers.
Industry data collected from Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers.
|Median wages (2018)||$22.89 hourly, $47,610 annual|
|Employment (2016)||333,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2016-2026)||Much faster than average (15% or higher)|
|Projected job openings (2016-2026)||38,700|
|Top industries (2016)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2018 wage data and 2016-2026 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2016-2026). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- International Institute of Ammonia Refrigeration
- North American Technical Excellence
- Occupational Outlook Handbook: Heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics and installers
- Refrigerating Engineers and Technicians Association
- Refrigeration Service Engineers Society
- United Association of Journeymen and Apprentices of the Plumbing and Pipe Fitting Industry of the United States, Canada