Details Report for:
49-9021.00 - Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers
Install or repair heating, central air conditioning, HVAC, or refrigeration systems, including oil burners, hot-air furnaces, and heating stoves.
Sample of reported job titles: A/C Tech (Air Conditioning Technician); HVAC Installer (Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning Installer); HVAC Mechanic (Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning Mechanic); HVAC Specialist (Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning Specialist); Refrigeration Mechanic; Refrigeration Operator; Refrigeration Technician (Refrigeration Tech); Service Technician (Service Tech); Systems Mechanic; Transportation Refrigeration Technician (Transportation Refrigeration Tech)
Tasks | Technology Skills | Tools Used | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
|Not available||Not available|
|Not available||Not available|
- Computer aided design CAD software — Autodesk AutoCAD ; HVAC tools software
- Customer relationship management CRM software — Contact management systems
- Data base user interface and query software — Data entry software ; Data logging software; Database software
- Document management software — Adobe Acrobat
- Electronic mail software — IBM Notes ; Microsoft Outlook
- Enterprise resource planning ERP software — SAP
- Facilities management software — Computerized maintenance management system CMMS; Facility energy management software; Johnson Controls Metasys; ManagerPlus (see all 6 examples)
- Graphics or photo imaging software — Graphics software
- Industrial control software — Alerton Ascent Compass; Building automation software; Honeywell WEBs-N4; Siemens APOGEE Building Automation Software (see all 5 examples)
- Internet browser software
- Office suite software — Microsoft Office
- Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
- Word processing software — Atlas Construction Business Forms; Microsoft Word
Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.
- Adjustable widemouth pliers
- Adjustable wrenches
- Air compressors
- Air velocity and temperature monitors — Air flow sensors; Air velocity meters; Draft gauges; Velometers
- Alignment jig — Material alignment jigs
- Ammeters — Milliammeters; Milliamp/microamp meters
- Anemometers — Hot wire anemometers
- Blocks or pulleys — Riggings
- Blow torch — Acetylene torches
- Bolt cutters
- Calibrated resistance measuring equipment — 4-wire resistance sensors; Resistance meters
- Calipers — Vernier calipers
- Capacitance meters — Capacitance testers; Capacitor analyzers
- Carbon monoxide analyzer — Carbon monoxide detectors
- Caulking guns — Caulking equipment
- Chalk lines
- Chart recorders
- Chemical test strips or papers — Litmus papers
- Circuit tester — Circuit analyzers
- Circuit tracers
- Claw hammer — Claw hammers
- Cold chisels
- Conduit benders
- Depth indicators — Water level meters
- Desktop computers
- Diagonal cut pliers — Diagonal cutting pliers
- Dial indicator or dial gauge — Dial indicators
- Drill bit set — Drill bit sets
- Drill press or radial drill — Drill presses
- Electrical frequency meters — Electrical frequency indicators
- Electronic measuring probes — High-voltage probes
- End cut pliers — Side cutting pliers
- Explosimeters — Combustion analyzers
- Feeler gauges
- Fish tape — Fish tapes
- Flow sensors — Air volume test equipment; Venturi meters; Water flow meters
- Flowmeters — Air flow hoods; Pitot tubes; Turbine flow meters
- Frequency calibrator or simulator — Current simulators; Voltage simulators
- Gas detectors — Combustible gas leak detectors
- GFI circuit testers — Ground fault circuit interrupter GFCI testers; Receptacle testers
- Glue guns
- Goggles — Safety goggles
- Grease guns
- Hacksaw — Hacksaws; Hand hacksaws; Power hacksaws
- Hammers — Soft face hammers; Tinners hammers
- Hand reamer — Reamers
- Hand sprayers
- Hand trucks or accessories — Hand trucks
- Handheld refractometers or polarimeters — Portable refractometers
- Handheld thermometer — Handheld thermometers; Water temperature gauges
- Heat tracing equipment — Infrared thermometers
- Hex keys — Allen wrenches; Hex wrenches
- Hold down clamps
- Hole saws
- Hydraulic pumps — Transfer pumps
- Hygrometers — Humidity sensors; Hygrosticks
- Infrared imagers — Infrared thermography cameras and display units
- Inspection mirror — Inspection mirrors
- Label making machines — Labeling machines
- Laser printers
- Leak testing equipment — Smoke pens; Smoke testers
- Level sensors or transmitters — Transit levels
- Levels — Bubble levels; Laser levels; Precision levels; Water levels
- Lifelines or lifeline equipment — Fall arrest lines
- Liquid leak detectors — Refrigerant leak detectors
- Longnose pliers — Long nose pliers
- Lug crimping tool dies
- Magnetic tools — Magnetic pickup tools
- Manual wire straighteners — Fin combs
- Medical acoustic stethoscope or accessory — Mechanical stethoscopes
- Metal band sawing machine — Bandsaws
- Metal cutters — Duct slicers; Metal snips
- Microcontrollers — Programmable logic controllers PLC
- Moisture meters — Micron gauges
- Multimeters — Autoranging meters; Clamp-on multimeters
- Notebook computers — Laptop computers
- Nut drivers
- Ohmmeters — Milliohm meters; Volt-ohm meters VOM
- Oil gun — Oil guns
- Oil pumps — Refrigerant oil pumps
- Open end wrenches
- Oxygen gas analyzers — Oxygen testers
- Personal computers
- pH meters
- Phasemeters — Phase rotation meters
- Pipe bending tools — Pipe benders
- Pipe or tube cutter — Pipe cutters; Tube cutters
- Pipe reamer — Pipe reamers
- Pipe wrenches
- Platform lift — Platform lifts; Staging equipment
- Plotter printers — Plotters
- Portable data input terminals — Computer diagnostic devices; Dataloggers
- Power drills — Cordless drills; Electric drills; Hand drills; Portable drills
- Power flaring tool — Flaring tools
- Power grinders
- Power saws — Circular saws; Jig saws; Reciprocating saws
- Pressure indicators — Pressure gauges; Pressure simulators; Refrigerant pressure meters; Water pressure gauges (see all 9 examples)
- Pressure or steam cleaners — Power washers
- Pressure sensors — Bourdon tubes
- Pry bars — Crowbars
- Psychrometers — Wet bulb/dew point meters
- Punches or nail sets or drifts — Knockout punches; Punches
- Razor knives — Box cutters; Insulation knives; Scrapers
- Refrigerant compressors — Charging cylinders; Charging manifolds; Reclaiming equipment; Refrigerant recovery machines
- Resistance thermometers — Resistance temperature detectors
- Safety glasses
- Safety harnesses or belts — Safety belts; Safety harnesses
- Sampling manifolds — Service manifold sets
- Scales — Scale rules
- Scanners — Image scanners
- Screw extractors — Screw extractor sets
- Screwdrivers — Flared tip screwdrivers; Phillips head screwdrivers; Slotted screwdrivers
- Shackle — Shackles
- Shears — Duct knives
- Sheet metal pliers — Hand seamers
- Single gas monitors — Carbon dioxide CO2 testers; Carbon monoxide evaluators
- Slip or groove joint pliers — Groove pliers
- Smoke detectors — Smoke detector canisters
- Socket sets — Socket wrench sets
- Soldering iron — Soldering equipment; Soldering guns; Soldering irons
- Sound measuring apparatus or decibel meter — Decibel meters
- Specialty wrenches — Valve wrenches
- Speed sensors — Revolutions per minute RPM meters
- Straight edges — Straightedges
- Strap wrenches
- Stripping tools — Wire strippers
- Surface thermometers — Non-contact surface temperature heads
- Swaging tools
- Tachometers — Strobe tachometers
- Tape measures
- Telescoping boom lift — Telescoping boom trucks
- Temperature calibrator or simulator — Temperature simulators
- Temperature gauge — Temperature gauges
- Temperature humidity testers — Humidity simulators; Temperature/humidity testers
- Tension testers — Belt tension indicators
- Thermocouple probes — Thermocouple testers
- Thermocouples — Bead type thermocouples; Pipe clamp thermocouples
- Threading dies — Pipe dies; Pipe threaders
- Threading taps — Tap sets
- Tinners snips — Tin snips
- Torque wrenches
- Tube bending machine — Tubing benders
- Two way radios
- Ultraviolet UV lamps — Black lights
- Utility knives
- Vacuum cleaners — Duct vacuums; Industrial vacuums
- Vacuum gauges — Compound gauges
- Vacuum pumps — Recovery and recycle units; Refrigerant vacuum pumps
- Vibration testers — Vibration analyis equipment
- Voltage or current meters — Alternating current AC line splitters; Electrical current meters; Heating ventilation and air-conditioning/refrigeration HVAC/R clamp meters; Voltmeters (see all 5 examples)
- Water analyzers — Water testers
- Water samplers — Contaminant content tests
- Wattmeters — Watt transducers
- Welder torch — Brazing equipment
- Welding masks — Welding hoods
- Winches — Staging winches
- Wire brushes
- Wire cutters
- Wire lug crimping tool — Sheet metal crimpers
- Test electrical circuits or components for proper functioning.
- Service heating, ventilation or air-conditioning (HVAC) systems or components.
- Repair worn, damaged, or defective mechanical parts.
- Replace worn, damaged, or defective mechanical parts.
- Confer with customers or users to assess problems.
- Install heating, ventilation, or air conditioning (HVAC) equipment.
- Adjust equipment to ensure optimal performance.
- Determine operational compliance with regulations or standards.
- Interpret blueprints, specifications, or diagrams to inform installation, development or operation activities.
- Braze metal parts or components.
- Connect electrical components or equipment.
- Document operational activities.
- Inspect systems to determine if they are operating properly.
- Install energy-efficient heating, ventilation, or air conditioning (HVAC) equipment.
- Install machine or equipment replacement parts.
- Advise others on issues related to repairs, installation, or equipment design.
- Drill holes in parts, equipment, or materials.
- Cut materials according to specifications or needs.
- Measure distances or dimensions.
- Maintain repair or maintenance records.
- Install home appliances.
- Order materials, supplies, or equipment.
- Travel to work sites to perform installation, repair or maintenance work.
- Schedule repair, installation or maintenance activities.
- Supervise employees.
- Train others in operational procedures.
- Lay out work according to specifications.
- Operate cranes, hoists, or other moving or lifting equipment.
- Test mechanical systems to ensure proper functioning.
|Title||Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.|
|Related Experience||Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include hydroelectric production managers, travel guides, electricians, agricultural technicians, barbers, court reporters, and medical assistants.|
|SVP Range||(6.0 to < 7.0)|
|47-2111.00||Electricians Bright Outlook|
|47-2152.00||Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters|
|47-4021.00||Elevator and Escalator Installers and Repairers|
|49-3011.00||Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians|
|49-3023.00||Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics|
|49-3042.00||Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines|
|49-3051.00||Motorboat Mechanics and Service Technicians|
|49-9012.00||Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door|
|49-9071.00||Maintenance and Repair Workers, General|
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2019)||$23.43 hourly, $48,730 annual|
|Employment (2019)||376,800 employees|
|Projected growth (2019-2029)||Average (3% to 4%)|
|Projected job openings (2019-2029)||34,200|
|Top industries (2019)||
Construction (68% employed in this sector)
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2019 wage data and 2019-2029 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2019-2029). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- International Institute of Ammonia Refrigeration
- International Union of Operating Engineers
- North American Technical Excellence
- North American Technician Excellence
- Occupational Outlook Handbook: Heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics and installers
- Refrigerating Engineers and Technicians Association
- Refrigeration Service Engineers Society
- United Association of Journeymen and Apprentices of the Plumbing and Pipe Fitting Industry of the United States, Canada