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Details Report for:
17-2161.00 - Nuclear Engineers

Conduct research on nuclear engineering projects or apply principles and theory of nuclear science to problems concerned with release, control, and use of nuclear energy and nuclear waste disposal.

Sample of reported job titles: Engineer, Nuclear Design Engineer, Nuclear Engineer, Nuclear Licensing Engineer, Nuclear Process Engineer, Nuclear Reactor Engineer, Radiological Engineer, Resident Inspector, Scientist, System Engineer

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Tasks  |  Technology Skills  |  Tools Used  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
88   Core
Initiate corrective actions or order plant shutdowns in emergency situations.
87   Core
Monitor nuclear facility operations to identify any design, construction, or operation practices that violate safety regulations and laws or that could jeopardize the safety of operations.
80   Core
Design or develop nuclear equipment, such as reactor cores, radiation shielding, or associated instrumentation or control mechanisms.
80   Core
Examine accidents to obtain data that can be used to design preventive measures.
79   Core
Direct operating or maintenance activities of operational nuclear power plants to ensure efficiency and conformity to safety standards.
72   Core
Recommend preventive measures to be taken in the handling of nuclear technology, based on data obtained from operations monitoring or from evaluation of test results.
71   Core
Write operational instructions to be used in nuclear plant operation or nuclear fuel or waste handling and disposal.  Green Task Statement
70   Core
Conduct environmental studies related to topics such as nuclear power generation, nuclear waste disposal, or nuclear weapon deployment.  Green Task Statement
69   Core
Direct environmental compliance activities associated with nuclear plant operations or maintenance.  Green Task Statement
67   Core
Prepare environmental impact statements, reports, or presentations for regulatory or other agencies.  Green Task Statement
66   Core
Prepare technical reports of findings or recommendations, based on synthesized analyses of test results.
64   Core
Develop or contribute to the development of plans to remediate or restore environments affected by nuclear radiation, such as waste disposal sites.  Green Task Statement
61   Core
Conduct tests of nuclear fuel behavior and cycles or performance of nuclear machinery and equipment to optimize performance of existing plants.
61   Core
Design or oversee construction or operation of nuclear reactors or power plants or nuclear fuels reprocessing and reclamation systems.
61   Core
Design or direct nuclear research projects to test or modify theoretical models, develop new theoretical models, or discover new uses for current models.
59   Core
Design fuel cycle models or processes to reduce the quantity of radioactive waste generated from nuclear activities.  Green Task Statement
56   Core
Consult with other scientists to determine parameters of experimentation or suitability of analytical models.
54   Core
Perform experiments that will provide information about acceptable methods of nuclear material usage, nuclear fuel reclamation, or waste disposal.  Green Task Statement
54   Core
Discuss construction project proposals with interested parties, such as vendors, contractors, or nuclear facility review boards.
54   Core
Keep abreast of developments and changes in the nuclear field by reading technical journals or by independent study and research.

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Technology Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Analytical or scientific software — Maplesoft Maple; Monte Carlo simulation software; SAS Hot technology ; The MathWorks MATLAB Hot technology (see all 18 examples)
  • Computer aided design CAD software Hot technology — Mathsoft Mathcad
  • Data base user interface and query software — Data entry software Hot technology ; Relational database software
  • Desktop publishing software
  • Development environment software — FOLLOW code; Formula translation/translator FORTRAN; INCORE code; TOTE code
  • Graphics or photo imaging software — Graphics software
  • Object or component oriented development software — C++ Hot technology
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office
  • Operating system software — UNIX Hot technology
  • Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint Hot technology
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel Hot technology
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word

Hot technology Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.

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Tools Used   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Desktop computers
  • Facial shields — Face masks
  • Hazardous material protective apparel — Anticontamination clothing
  • Nuclear reactor control rod systems — Reactivity computer systems
  • Nuclear tools — Nuclear wireline logging instruments
  • Personal computers
  • Respirators

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
96 
Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
88 
Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
87 
Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
71 
Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
68 
Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
67 
English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
62 
Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
58 
Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
56 
Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
49 
Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
43 
Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
41 
Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
40 
Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
38 
Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
32 
Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
30 
Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
28 
Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
27 
Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
26 
Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
26 
Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
25 
Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
24 
Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
19 
Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
17 
Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
16 
Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
13 
Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
10 
Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
9 
Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
9 
History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
8 
Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
4 
Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
1 
Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
0 
Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
78 
Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
75 
Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
75 
Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
75 
Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
75 
Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
75 
Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
72 
Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
72 
Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
72 
Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
72 
Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
72 
Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
72 
Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
69 
Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
69 
Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
66 
Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
66 
Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
60 
Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
53 
Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
50 
Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
50 
Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
50 
Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
50 
Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
50 
Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
47 
Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
47 
Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
47 
Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
41 
Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
35 
Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
35 
Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
28 
Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
19 
Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
16 
Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
13 
Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
13 
Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
0 
Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
88 
Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
78 
Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
78 
Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
78 
Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
75 
Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
75 
Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
75 
Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
75 
Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
72 
Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
69 
Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
66 
Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
66 
Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
66 
Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
63 
Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
63 
Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
60 
Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
56 
Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
56 
Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
53 
Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
53 
Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
53 
Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
50 
Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
47 
Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
47 
Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
44 
Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
41 
Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
38 
Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
25 
Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
25 
Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
22 
Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
16 
Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
16 
Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
13 
Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
13 
Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
10 
Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
6 
Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
3 
Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
0 
Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
0 
Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
0 
Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
0 
Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
0 
Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
0 
Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
0 
Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
0 
Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
0 
Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
0 
Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
0 
Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
0 
Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
0 
Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
0 
Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
0 
Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
89 
Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
83 
Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
82 
Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
82 
Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
78 
Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
78 
Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
76 
Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
76 
Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
74 
Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
72 
Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
70 
Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
67 
Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
65 
Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
64 
Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
64 
Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
63 
Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
58 
Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
58 
Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
57 
Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
57 
Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
55 
Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
54 
Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
54 
Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
52 
Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
46 
Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
46 
Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
45 
Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
43 
Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
41 
Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
41 
Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
38 
Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
34 
Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
33 
Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
33 
Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
30 
Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
29 
Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
27 
Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
23 
Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
20 
Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
20 
Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
19 
Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.

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Detailed Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Resolve operational performance problems.
  • Monitor processes for compliance with standards.
  • Design energy production or management equipment or systems.
  • Investigate safety of work environment.
  • Direct energy production or management activities.
  • Direct equipment maintenance or repair activities.
  • Advise others on health and safety issues.
  • Prepare procedural documents.
  • Investigate the environmental impact of projects.
  • Coordinate safety or regulatory compliance activities.
  • Prepare technical or operational reports.
  • Analyze test or validation data.
  • Document design or operational test results.
  • Prepare detailed work plans.
  • Research energy production, use, or conservation.
  • Test performance of electrical, electronic, mechanical, or integrated systems or equipment.
  • Develop operational methods or processes that use green materials or emphasize sustainability.
  • Confer with technical personnel to prepare designs or operational plans.
  • Communicate technical information to suppliers, contractors, or regulatory agencies.
  • Update technical knowledge.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context

Percentage of Top Responses
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


100     Every day
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


80     Every day
20     Once a week or more but not every day
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


88     Every day
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


73     Every day
27     Once a week or more but not every day
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


56     Extremely important
37     Very important
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


48     Very high responsibility
37     High responsibility
11     Moderate responsibility
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


42     Extremely important
50     Very important
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — What results do your decisions usually have on other people or the image or reputation or financial resources of your employer?


33     Very important results
59     Important results
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


30     Continually or almost continually
56     More than half the time
15     About half the time
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


59     More than 40 hours
37     40 hours
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


30     Constant contact with others
48     Contact with others most of the time
15     Contact with others about half the time
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


46     Extremely serious
12     Very serious
31     Serious
12     Fairly serious
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


22     Every day
30     Once a week or more but not every day
44     Once a month or more but not every week
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


11     A lot of freedom
44     Some freedom
33     Limited freedom
11     Very little freedom
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


42     Once a week or more but not every day
42     Once a month or more but not every week
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


31     High responsibility
50     Moderate responsibility
12     Limited responsibility
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


41     Some freedom
44     Limited freedom
11     Very little freedom
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


12     Every day
31     Once a week or more but not every day
35     Once a month or more but not every week
23     Once a year or more but not every month
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


12     Every day
42     Once a week or more but not every day
12     Once a month or more but not every week
35     Once a year or more but not every month
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


46     Very important
23     Important
27     Fairly important
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


33     Once a week or more but not every day
33     Once a month or more but not every week
22     Once a year or more but not every month
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


27     Highly competitive
50     Moderately competitive
19     Slightly competitive
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


12     Moderately close (at arm's length)
62     Slightly close (e.g., shared office)
27     I work with others but not closely (e.g., private office)
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


22     Once a week or more but not every day
22     Once a month or more but not every week
33     Once a year or more but not every month
15     Never
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


22     Very important
15     Important
44     Fairly important
11     Not important at all
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


19     Once a week or more but not every day
22     Once a month or more but not every week
41     Once a year or more but not every month
11     Never
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


26     Very important
22     Important
19     Fairly important
30     Not important at all
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


15     Once a week or more but not every day
19     Once a month or more but not every week
59     Once a year or more but not every month
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


44     Once a month or more but not every week
41     Once a year or more but not every month
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


19     Once a week or more but not every day
19     Once a month or more but not every week
44     Once a year or more but not every month
15     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


12     Once a week or more but not every day
12     Once a month or more but not every week
54     Once a year or more but not every month
19     Never
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


19     Once a week or more but not every day
50     Once a year or more but not every month
23     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


15     Once a week or more but not every day
19     Once a month or more but not every week
38     Once a year or more but not every month
27     Never
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


12     Once a week or more but not every day
19     Once a month or more but not every week
35     Once a year or more but not every month
31     Never
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


31     Moderately automated
46     Slightly automated
19     Not at all automated
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


15     Once a month or more but not every week
50     Once a year or more but not every month
23     Never
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


15     About half the time
59     Less than half the time
19     Never
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


11     Once a month or more but not every week
52     Once a year or more but not every month
26     Never
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


15     Once a month or more but not every week
65     Once a year or more but not every month
15     Never
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


15     About half the time
73     Less than half the time
12     Never
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


15     About half the time
56     Less than half the time
26     Never
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


11     Once a week or more but not every day
11     Once a month or more but not every week
41     Once a year or more but not every month
37     Never
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


12     About half the time
73     Less than half the time
15     Never
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


15     Once a month or more but not every week
56     Once a year or more but not every month
30     Never
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


15     Once a month or more but not every week
37     Once a year or more but not every month
44     Never
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


41     Once a year or more but not every month
44     Never
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


63     Less than half the time
37     Never
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


22     Irregular (changes with weather conditions, production demands, or contract duration)
74     Regular (established routine, set schedule)
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


15     Once a month or more but not every week
23     Once a year or more but not every month
62     Never
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


19     Fairly important
70     Not important at all
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


46     Less than half the time
54     Never
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


15     Once a year or more but not every month
73     Never
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


44     Less than half the time
56     Never
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


15     Less than half the time
85     Never
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


92     Never
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


96     Never
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


96     Never

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
Related Experience A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
Job Zone Examples Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, graphic designers, chemists, art directors, and cost estimators.
SVP Range (7.0 to < 8.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
85   Bachelor's degree
7   Master's degree
4   Post-secondary certificate Help

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Credentials

Find Training Find Certifications Find Licenses

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
100 
Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
72 
Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
45 
Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
22 
Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
11 
Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
0 
Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
94 
Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
94 
Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
90 
Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
83 
Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
73 
Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
72 
Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
70 
Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
68 
Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
67 
Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
66 
Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
66 
Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
61 
Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
48 
Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
48 
Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
46 
Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
34 
Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
78 
Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
78 
Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
72 
Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
70 
Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
67 
Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
22 
Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

13-1081.01 Logistics Engineers Bright Outlook Green Occupation
17-2011.00 Aerospace Engineers Green Occupation
17-2021.00 Agricultural Engineers
17-2041.00 Chemical Engineers   Green Occupation Green
17-2051.00 Civil Engineers Bright Outlook Green Occupation
17-2071.00 Electrical Engineers Green Occupation
17-2111.02 Fire-Prevention and Protection Engineers
17-2199.02 Validation Engineers Bright Outlook Green Occupation
17-2199.03 Energy Engineers   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook   Green Occupation
17-2199.07 Photonics Engineers Bright Outlook Green Occupation

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2016) $49.14 hourly, $102,220 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2014) 17,000 employees
Projected growth (2014-2024) Decline (-2% or lower) Decline (-2% or lower)
Projected job openings (2014-2024) 4,400
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2014)
Utilities (42% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2016 wage data external site and 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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