Skip navigation

Details Report for:
17-2199.07 - Photonics Engineers

Design technologies specializing in light information or light energy, such as laser or fiber optics technology.

Sample of reported job titles: Algorithm Developer, Laser Engineer, Optical Design Engineer, Optical Engineer, Optical Engineering Manager, Optical Specialist, Optical Systems Engineer, Optoelectronics Engineer, Research and Development Engineer (R & D Engineer), Research Engineer

View report: Summary  Details  Custom

Tasks  |  Technology Skills  |  Tools Used  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
79   Core
Analyze system performance or operational requirements.
78   Core
Develop optical or imaging systems, such as optical imaging products, optical components, image processes, signal process technologies, or optical systems.
76   Core
Develop or test photonic prototypes or models.
74   Core
Design, integrate, or test photonics systems or components.
72   Core
Assist in the transition of photonic prototypes to production.
70   Core
Read current literature, talk with colleagues, continue education, or participate in professional organizations or conferences to keep abreast of developments in the field.
68   Core
Write reports or proposals related to photonics research or development projects.
67   Core
Conduct testing to determine functionality or optimization or to establish limits of photonics systems or components.
66   Core
Determine applications of photonics appropriate to meet product objectives or features.
66   Core
Conduct research on new photonics technologies.
65   Core
Design electro-optical sensing or imaging systems.
64   Core
Document photonics system or component design processes, including objectives, issues, or outcomes.
60   Core
Design photonics products, such as light sources, displays, or photovoltaics, to achieve increased energy efficiency.  Green Task Statement
60   Core
Train operators, engineers, or other personnel.
57   Core
Analyze, fabricate, or test fiber-optic links.
56   Core
Design gas lasers, solid state lasers, infrared, or other light emitting or light sensitive devices.
56   Core
Create or maintain photonic design histories.
55   Core
Oversee or provide expertise on manufacturing, assembly, or fabrication processes.
52   Core
Determine commercial, industrial, scientific, or other uses for electro-optical applications or devices.
50   Supplemental
Design solar energy photonics or other materials or devices to generate energy.  Green Task Statement
42   Supplemental
Design or redesign optical fibers to minimize energy loss.  Green Task Statement
41   Supplemental
Develop photonics sensing or manufacturing technologies to improve the efficiency of manufacturing or related processes.  Green Task Statement
39   Supplemental
Develop laser-processed designs, such as laser-cut medical devices.
35   Supplemental
Design or develop new crystals for photonics applications.  Green Task Statement
33   Supplemental
Design laser machining equipment for purposes such as high-speed ablation.
27   Supplemental
Select, purchase, set up, operate, or troubleshoot state-of-the-art laser cutting equipment.

Find occupations related to multiple tasks

back to top

Technology Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Analytical or scientific software — Adept Scientific GRAMS; Mathsoft Mathcad; The MathWorks MATLAB Hot technology ; Wolfram Research Mathematica (see all 9 examples)
  • Computer aided design CAD software Hot technology — Autodesk AutoCAD Hot technology ; Dassault Systemes CATIA Hot technology ; Optiwave OptiFDTD; Photon Design FIMMWAVE (see all 9 examples)
  • Development environment software — C Hot technology ; Microsoft .NET Framework Hot technology ; Microsoft Visual Basic Hot technology ; National Instruments LabVIEW Hot technology
  • Electronic mail software — Microsoft Outlook Hot technology
  • Graphics or photo imaging software — Microsoft Visio Hot technology
  • Object or component oriented development software — C# Hot technology ; C++ Hot technology ; Python Hot technology
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office Hot technology
  • Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint Hot technology
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel Hot technology
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word Hot technology

Hot technology Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.

back to top

Tools Used   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Bench refractometers or polarimeters — Bench refractometers
  • Chromatographic detectors — Photodetectors
  • Cryostats
  • Digital cameras — Line scan cameras
  • Electron microscopes — Microprobe stations; Probe test stations
  • Flowmeters — Flow meters
  • Fluorescent microscopes — Confocal fluorescence microscopes; Deconvolution fluorescence microscopes; Total internal reflection fluorescence TIRF microscopes
  • Frequency counters or timer or dividers — Photon counting systems
  • Fume hoods or cupboards — Chemical hoods
  • Graphic recorders — Digital panel meters
  • HEPA filtered enclosures — Biosafety cabinets
  • Infrared imagers — Infrared viewers; Near infrared cameras
  • Interferometers — Autocorrelators; Optical spectrum analyzers; Wavelength meters
  • Isolation glove boxes
  • Laboratory safety furnaces — Oxidation furnaces
  • Laser beam analyzers — Laser beam profilers
  • Laser fax machine — Laser facsimile machines
  • Laser printers
  • Lasers — Argon-ion lasers; Nitrogen lasers; Tunable diode lasers; Tunable dye lasers (see all 8 examples)
  • Level generators — Pulse generators
  • Lightmeters — Photodiode array detectors; Streak cameras
  • Optical choppers
  • Oscilloscopes — Digital storage oscilloscopes DSO
  • Personal computers
  • Polarimeters
  • Power meters — Optical power meters
  • Reflectometers — Optical time domain reflectometers OTDR
  • Scanning electron microscopes — Scanning electron microscopes SEM
  • Scanning light or spinning disk or laser scanning microscopes — Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering CARS microscopes; Near field scanning optical microscopes NSOM; Raman microscopes
  • Scanning probe microscopes — Atomic force microscopes AFM
  • Semiconductor process systems — Contact lithography systems; Electron beam lithography systems; Plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition PECVD systems; Vacuum deposition systems (see all 6 examples)
  • Semiconductor testers — Semiconductor parameter analyzers
  • Spectrofluorimeters or fluorimeters — Fluorescence lifetime spectrometers; Spectrofluorimeters
  • Spectrometers — Spectroscopes
  • Spectrophotometers
  • Temperature cycling chambers or thermal cyclers — Rapid thermal annealers RTA
  • Tumblers or polishers — Chemical mechanical polishing CMP systems
  • Utility knives — Optical fiber cleavers
  • Vibration testers — Laser Doppler vibrometers
  • Voltage or current meters — Current monitors
  • Xenon lamp — Xenon arc lamps

back to top

Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
96 
Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
89 
Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
89 
Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
81 
Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
74 
Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
58 
English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
52 
Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
44 
Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
43 
Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
43 
Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
32 
Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
29 
Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
28 
Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
27 
Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
24 
Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
24 
Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
23 
Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
21 
Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
20 
Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
18 
Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
15 
Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
12 
Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
11 
Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
10 
Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
10 
Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
9 
Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
7 
Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
4 
History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
2 
Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
1 
Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
1 
Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
1 
Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
0 
Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.

back to top

Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
75 
Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
72 
Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
72 
Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
69 
Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
66 
Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
66 
Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
66 
Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
63 
Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
60 
Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
60 
Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
56 
Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
56 
Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
53 
Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
53 
Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
50 
Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
50 
Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
50 
Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
50 
Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
50 
Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
47 
Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
47 
Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
47 
Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
47 
Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
44 
Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
44 
Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
41 
Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
41 
Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
41 
Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
38 
Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
38 
Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
31 
Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
28 
Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
25 
Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
19 
Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
6 
Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.

back to top

Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
75 
Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
75 
Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
75 
Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
75 
Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
72 
Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
72 
Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
72 
Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
69 
Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
69 
Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
69 
Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
69 
Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
66 
Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
66 
Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
63 
Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
63 
Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
56 
Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
56 
Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
56 
Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
50 
Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
47 
Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
47 
Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
47 
Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
47 
Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
44 
Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
41 
Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
41 
Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
41 
Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
38 
Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
38 
Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
31 
Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
28 
Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
22 
Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
19 
Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
19 
Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
19 
Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
19 
Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
19 
Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
16 
Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
16 
Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
10 
Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
3 
Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
0 
Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
0 
Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
0 
Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
0 
Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
0 
Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
0 
Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
0 
Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
0 
Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
0 
Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
0 
Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
0 
Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.

back to top

Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
89 
Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
87 
Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
84 
Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
84 
Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
79 
Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
79 
Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
76 
Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
76 
Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
71 
Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
71 
Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
69 
Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
65 
Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
64 
Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
64 
Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
63 
Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
60 
Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
59 
Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
58 
Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
58 
Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
57 
Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
52 
Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
50 
Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
50 
Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
47 
Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
47 
Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
47 
Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
47 
Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
44 
Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
43 
Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
42 
Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
40 
Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
37 
Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
34 
Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
32 
Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
28 
Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
28 
Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
27 
Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
25 
Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
23 
Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
16 
Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
10 
Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.

back to top

Detailed Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Analyze operational data to evaluate operations, processes or products.
  • Design electronic or computer equipment or instrumentation.
  • Test performance of electrical, electronic, mechanical, or integrated systems or equipment.
  • Create physical models or prototypes.
  • Prepare detailed work plans.
  • Update technical knowledge.
  • Prepare research or technical reports.
  • Write reports or evaluations.
  • Prepare proposal documents.
  • Identify new applications for existing technologies.
  • Research advanced engineering designs or applications.
  • Train personnel on proper operational procedures.
  • Fabricate devices or components.
  • Document technical design details.
  • Maintain operational records or records systems.
  • Direct industrial production activities.
  • Design energy production or management equipment or systems.
  • Design industrial processing systems.
  • Operate industrial equipment.
  • Purchase materials, equipment, or other resources.
  • Select tools, equipment, or technologies for use in operations or projects.

Find occupations related to multiple detailed work activities

back to top

Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context

Percentage of Top Responses
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


96     Every day
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


96     Every day
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


83     Every day
17     Once a week or more but not every day
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


61     Extremely important
39     Very important
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


52     Extremely important
35     Very important
13     Important
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


48     Constant contact with others
43     Contact with others most of the time
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


61     More than 40 hours
39     40 hours
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


30     Every day
65     Once a week or more but not every day
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


35     A lot of freedom
43     Some freedom
22     Limited freedom
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


35     A lot of freedom
35     Some freedom
26     Limited freedom
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


74     More than half the time
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


13     Extremely competitive
39     Highly competitive
39     Moderately competitive
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


36     Very important
41     Important
14     Fairly important
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


22     Extremely serious
17     Very serious
39     Serious
13     Not serious at all
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


39     Once a week or more but not every day
35     Once a month or more but not every week
22     Once a year or more but not every month
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


35     Once a week or more but not every day
43     Once a month or more but not every week
13     Never
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — What results do your decisions usually have on other people or the image or reputation or financial resources of your employer?


35     Important results
43     Moderate results
17     Minor results
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


39     Once a week or more but not every day
22     Once a month or more but not every week
26     Once a year or more but not every month
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


13     High responsibility
39     Moderate responsibility
39     Limited responsibility
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


70     Slightly close (e.g., shared office)
22     I work with others but not closely (e.g., private office)
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


13     Very important
35     Important
35     Fairly important
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


13     High responsibility
30     Moderate responsibility
43     Limited responsibility
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


14     Once a week or more but not every day
36     Once a month or more but not every week
50     Once a year or more but not every month
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


39     Once a month or more but not every week
39     Once a year or more but not every month
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


17     More than half the time
13     About half the time
70     Less than half the time
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


13     Once a week or more but not every day
26     Once a month or more but not every week
48     Once a year or more but not every month
13     Never
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


17     Very important
13     Important
26     Fairly important
35     Not important at all
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


13     Once a week or more but not every day
13     Once a month or more but not every week
52     Once a year or more but not every month
17     Never
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


30     Moderately automated
39     Slightly automated
22     Not at all automated
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


18     Once a month or more but not every week
68     Once a year or more but not every month
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


87     Less than half the time
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


13     Once a month or more but not every week
43     Once a year or more but not every month
30     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


26     Once a month or more but not every week
43     Once a year or more but not every month
26     Never
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


17     Once a week or more but not every day
22     Once a month or more but not every week
13     Once a year or more but not every month
48     Never
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


26     Once a week or more but not every day
13     Once a year or more but not every month
52     Never
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


13     Once a month or more but not every week
48     Once a year or more but not every month
35     Never
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


43     Less than half the time
43     Never
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


13     Once a week or more but not every day
43     Once a year or more but not every month
43     Never
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


17     Once a month or more but not every week
43     Once a year or more but not every month
39     Never
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


74     Less than half the time
26     Never
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


13     Once a week or more but not every day
22     Once a year or more but not every month
65     Never
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


14     Important
73     Not important at all
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


55     Less than half the time
45     Never
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


43     Once a year or more but not every month
52     Never
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


17     Irregular (changes with weather conditions, production demands, or contract duration)
78     Regular (established routine, set schedule)
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


35     Less than half the time
61     Never
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


26     Once a year or more but not every month
65     Never
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


30     Once a year or more but not every month
65     Never
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


36     Once a year or more but not every month
64     Never
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


87     Never
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


26     Less than half the time
74     Never
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


22     Once a year or more but not every month
78     Never
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


17     Once a year or more but not every month
83     Never
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


17     Less than half the time
83     Never
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


13     Once a year or more but not every month
87     Never
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


96     Never
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


96     Never

back to top

Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
Related Experience A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
Job Zone Examples Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, graphic designers, chemists, art directors, and cost estimators.
SVP Range (7.0 to < 8.0)

back to top

Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
52   Bachelor's degree
38   Master's degree
5   Associate's degree

back to top

Credentials

Find Training Find Certifications Find Licenses Apprenticeship.gov

back to top

Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
100 
Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
72 
Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
50 
Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
50 
Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
11 
Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
6 
Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

back to top

Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
89 
Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
85 
Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
75 
Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
75 
Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
75 
Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
74 
Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
71 
Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
70 
Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
65 
Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
63 
Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
62 
Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
59 
Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
51 
Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
47 
Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
39 
Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
24 
Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

back to top

Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
78 
Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
78 
Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
67 
Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
67 
Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
45 
Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
39 
Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

back to top

Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

13-1081.01 Logistics Engineers Green Occupation
17-2011.00 Aerospace Engineers Green Occupation
17-2031.00 Biomedical Engineers
17-2071.00 Electrical Engineers Green Occupation
17-2072.00 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer   Green Occupation Green
17-2141.00 Mechanical Engineers Green Occupation
17-2199.01 Biochemical Engineers Green Occupation
17-2199.03 Energy Engineers Green Occupation
17-2199.08 Robotics Engineers Green Occupation
17-3029.06 Manufacturing Engineering Technologists Green Occupation

back to top

Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages data collected from Engineers, All Other.
Employment data collected from Engineers, All Other.
Industry data collected from Engineers, All Other.

Median wages (2017) $46.75 hourly, $97,250 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2016) 133,000 employees
Projected growth (2016-2026) Average (5% to 9%) Average (5% to 9%)
Projected job openings (2016-2026) 9,500
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2016)
Government (27% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2017 wage data external site and 2016-2026 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2016-2026). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

back to top

Job Openings on the Web

Find Jobs

back to top

Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

back to top