Skip navigation

Details Report for:
25-4021.00 - Librarians

Administer libraries and perform related library services. Work in a variety of settings, including public libraries, educational institutions, museums, corporations, government agencies, law firms, non-profit organizations, and healthcare providers. Tasks may include selecting, acquiring, cataloguing, classifying, circulating, and maintaining library materials; and furnishing reference, bibliographical, and readers' advisory services. May perform in-depth, strategic research, and synthesize, analyze, edit, and filter information. May set up or work with databases and information systems to catalogue and access information.

Sample of reported job titles: Catalog Librarian, Children's Librarian, Librarian, Library Director, Library Media Specialist, Public Services Librarian, Reference Librarian, School Librarian, Technical Services Librarian, Youth Services Librarian

View report: Summary  Details  Custom

Tasks  |  Technology Skills  |  Tools Used  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
84   Core
Check books in and out of the library.
84   Core
Teach library patrons basic computer skills, such as searching computerized databases.
80   Core
Review and evaluate materials, using book reviews, catalogs, faculty recommendations, and current holdings to select and order print, audio-visual, and electronic resources.
79   Core
Search standard reference materials, including online sources and the Internet, to answer patrons' reference questions.
79   Core
Keep up-to-date records of circulation and materials, maintain inventory, and correct cataloging errors.
77   Core
Analyze patrons' requests to determine needed information and assist in furnishing or locating that information.
77   Core
Supervise daily library operations, budgeting, planning, and personnel activities, such as hiring, training, scheduling, and performance evaluations.
76   Core
Plan and teach classes on topics such as information literacy, library instruction, and technology use.
75   Core
Confer with colleagues, faculty, and community members and organizations to conduct informational programs, make collection decisions, and determine library services to offer.
72   Core
Code, classify, and catalog books, publications, films, audio-visual aids, and other library materials based on subject matter or standard library classification systems.
72   Core
Respond to customer complaints, taking action as necessary.
72   Core
Plan and deliver client-centered programs and services, such as special services for corporate clients, storytelling for children, newsletters, or programs for special groups.
72   Core
Explain use of library facilities, resources, equipment, and services and provide information about library policies.
70   Core
Locate unusual or unique information in response to specific requests.
69   Core
Develop library policies and procedures.
68   Core
Evaluate materials to determine outdated or unused items to be discarded.
68   Core
Direct and train library staff in duties, such as receiving, shelving, researching, cataloging, and equipment use.
68   Core
Organize collections of books, publications, documents, audio-visual aids, and other reference materials for convenient access.
67   Core
Develop, maintain, and troubleshoot information access aids, such as databases, annotated bibliographies, web pages, electronic pathfinders, software programs, and online tutorials.
65   Core
Engage in professional development activities, such as taking continuing education classes and attending or participating in conferences, workshops, professional meetings, and associations.
65   Core
Compile lists of books, periodicals, articles, and audio-visual materials on particular subjects.
65   Core
Evaluate vendor products and performance, negotiate contracts, and place orders.
63   Core
Arrange for interlibrary loans of materials not available in a particular library.
61   Core
Represent library or institution on internal and external committees.
57   Core
Complete minor repairs and cleaning of library resources, equipment, and facilities, such as dusting and fixing printer paper jams.
54   Core
Assemble and arrange display materials.
75   Supplemental
Develop and maintain databases that provide information for library users.
65   Supplemental
Compile lists of overdue materials and notify borrowers that their materials are overdue.
59   Supplemental
Negotiate contracts for library services, materials, and equipment.
58   Supplemental
Perform public relations work for the library, such as giving televised book reviews and community talks.
56   Supplemental
Collect and organize books, pamphlets, manuscripts, and other materials in specific fields, such as rare books, genealogy, or music.
55   Supplemental
Author or publish professional articles, internal documents, and instructional materials.
50   Supplemental
Write proposals for research or project grants.
50   Supplemental
Design information storage and retrieval systems and develop procedures for collecting, organizing, interpreting, and classifying information.
49   Supplemental
Plan and participate in fundraising drives.
48   Supplemental
Provide input into the architectural planning of library facilities.

Find occupations related to multiple tasks

back to top

Technology Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Data base user interface and query software — Ex Libris Group Aleph; Microsoft Access Hot technology ; Structured query language SQL Hot technology ; Thomson Scientific Dialog (see all 15 examples)
  • Desktop publishing software — Microsoft Publisher Hot technology
  • Document management software — Adobe Systems Adobe Acrobat Hot technology
  • Electronic mail software — Email software
  • Enterprise application integration software — Extensible markup language XML Hot technology
  • Graphics or photo imaging software — Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop Hot technology
  • Information retrieval or search software — Classification Web; LexisNexis Hot technology ; Westlaw
  • Internet browser software — Web browser software
  • Library software — Online Computer Library Center OCLC; RCL Software Media Library Manager; Surpass; WorldCat (see all 17 examples)
  • Object or component oriented development software — Oracle Java Hot technology
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office
  • Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint Hot technology
  • Project management software — Microsoft SharePoint Hot technology
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel Hot technology
  • Video creation and editing software — Apple Final Cut Pro Hot technology ; Apple iMovie
  • Web page creation and editing software — Adobe Systems Adobe Dreamweaver Hot technology ; Adobe Systems Adobe Flash Player; Really Simple Syndication RSS; Yahoo Flickr (see all 7 examples)
  • Web platform development software — Cascading Style Sheets CSS Hot technology ; Hypertext markup language HTML Hot technology ; JavaScript Hot technology ; Springshare LibGuides (see all 6 examples)
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word

Hot technology Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.

back to top

Tools Used   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Bar code reader equipment — Barcode scanners
  • Cargo trucks — Bookmobiles
  • Cash registers
  • Desktop computers
  • Digital video disk players or recorders — Digital video disk DVD players
  • Film projectors
  • Microfiche or microfilm viewers — Microfiche readers; Microfilm readers
  • Microfiche reader printers — Microfilm printers
  • Notebook computers — Laptop computers
  • Personal computers
  • Photocopiers — Photocopying equipment
  • Public address systems — Public address PA systems
  • Scanners
  • Special purpose telephones — Multi-line telephone systems
  • Video cassette players or recorders — Video cassette recorders VCR

back to top

Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
90 
Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
83 
English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
74 
Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
74 
Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
73 
Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
57 
Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
57 
Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
45 
Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
42 
Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
41 
Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
41 
Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
41 
Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
40 
Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
40 
Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
40 
Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
39 
History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
34 
Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
33 
Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
26 
Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
26 
Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
22 
Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
18 
Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
17 
Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
17 
Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
15 
Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
14 
Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
12 
Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
10 
Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
9 
Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
7 
Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
7 
Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
5 
Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
3 
Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.

back to top

Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
78 
Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
75 
Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
72 
Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
69 
Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
63 
Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
60 
Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
56 
Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
56 
Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
53 
Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
53 
Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
53 
Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
53 
Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
53 
Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
53 
Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
50 
Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
50 
Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
50 
Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
47 
Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
47 
Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
44 
Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
44 
Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
41 
Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
41 
Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
25 
Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
22 
Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
22 
Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
16 
Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
6 
Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
3 
Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
3 
Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
3 
Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
3 
Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
0 
Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
0 
Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
0 
Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.

back to top

Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
75 
Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
75 
Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
72 
Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
72 
Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
72 
Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
72 
Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
72 
Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
69 
Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
69 
Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
66 
Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
60 
Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
56 
Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
53 
Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
53 
Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
50 
Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
50 
Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
50 
Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
47 
Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
47 
Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
44 
Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
44 
Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
41 
Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
38 
Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
38 
Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
31 
Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
28 
Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
25 
Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
25 
Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
25 
Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
25 
Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
22 
Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
22 
Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
22 
Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
16 
Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
16 
Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
10 
Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
10 
Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
10 
Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
10 
Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
10 
Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
6 
Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
6 
Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
0 
Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
0 
Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
0 
Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
0 
Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
0 
Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
0 
Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
0 
Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
0 
Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
0 
Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
0 
Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.

back to top

Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
94 
Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
87 
Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
83 
Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
81 
Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
81 
Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
71 
Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
71 
Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
70 
Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
70 
Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
70 
Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
69 
Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
68 
Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
66 
Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
65 
Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
64 
Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
63 
Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
63 
Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
63 
Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
62 
Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
62 
Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
57 
Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
57 
Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
56 
Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
54 
Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
54 
Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
53 
Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
50 
Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
49 
Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
46 
Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
45 
Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
45 
Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
41 
Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
41 
Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
38 
Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
31 
Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
20 
Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
18 
Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
18 
Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
11 
Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
8 
Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
7 
Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.

back to top

Detailed Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Teach others to use technology or equipment.
  • Process library materials.
  • Select educational materials or equipment.
  • Maintain operational records.
  • Search information sources to find specific data.
  • Maintain inventories of materials, equipment, or products.
  • Help patrons use library or archival resources.
  • Direct department activities.
  • Develop library or archival databases.
  • Confer with others to conduct or arrange operational activities.
  • Classify materials according to standard systems.
  • Plan community programs or activities for the general public.
  • Develop policies or procedures for archives, museums or libraries.
  • Organize informational materials.
  • Direct activities of subordinates.
  • Inspect materials or equipment to determine need for repair or replacement.
  • Train staff members.
  • Negotiate purchases or contracts.
  • Order instructional or library materials or equipment.
  • Attend training sessions or professional meetings to develop or maintain professional knowledge.
  • Compile specialized bibliographies or lists of materials.
  • Serve on institutional or departmental committees.
  • Promote educational institutions or programs.
  • Develop instructional materials.
  • Write articles, books or other original materials in area of expertise.
  • Construct exhibits or parts of exhibits.
  • Write grant proposals.
  • Advise educators on curricula, instructional methods, or policies.

Find occupations related to multiple detailed work activities

back to top

Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context

Percentage of Top Responses
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


84     Every day
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


81     Every day
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


61     Every day
25     Once a week or more but not every day
13     Once a month or more but not every week
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


50     A lot of freedom
41     Some freedom
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


59     Constant contact with others
21     Contact with others most of the time
12     Occasional contact with others
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


36     A lot of freedom
55     Some freedom
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


54     Extremely important
24     Very important
15     Important
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


75     Every day
25     Never
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


52     Extremely important
19     Very important
11     Important
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


28     Every day
36     Once a week or more but not every day
22     Once a month or more but not every week
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


31     Extremely important
26     Very important
23     Important
13     Not important at all
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


18     Extremely important
34     Very important
31     Important
17     Fairly important
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


28     Every day
16     Once a week or more but not every day
35     Once a month or more but not every week
19     Once a year or more but not every month
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


29     Every day
23     Once a week or more but not every day
20     Once a month or more but not every week
19     Once a year or more but not every month
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


13     Continually or almost continually
39     More than half the time
25     About half the time
23     Less than half the time
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


40     Every day
19     Once a month or more but not every week
24     Once a year or more but not every month
15     Never
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


18     Every day
30     Once a week or more but not every day
19     Once a month or more but not every week
20     Once a year or more but not every month
13     Never
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


14     Every day
35     Once a week or more but not every day
42     Once a year or more but not every month
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


17     Very close (near touching)
29     Moderately close (at arm's length)
39     I work with others but not closely (e.g., private office)
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


21     Extremely important
20     Very important
13     Important
29     Fairly important
17     Not important at all
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


23     More than half the time
38     About half the time
34     Less than half the time
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — What results do your decisions usually have on other people or the image or reputation or financial resources of your employer?


14     Very important results
25     Important results
23     Moderate results
22     Minor results
17     No results
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


18     Highly automated
40     Moderately automated
11     Slightly automated
22     Not at all automated
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


19     More than 40 hours
52     40 hours
29     Less than 40 hours
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


18     Every day
28     Once a week or more but not every day
15     Once a year or more but not every month
35     Never
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


27     Continually or almost continually
13     More than half the time
15     Less than half the time
39     Never
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


20     Very high responsibility
13     High responsibility
13     Moderate responsibility
28     Limited responsibility
27     No responsibility
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


17     Highly competitive
31     Moderately competitive
16     Slightly competitive
27     Not at all competitive
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


17     Continually or almost continually
14     More than half the time
47     Less than half the time
19     Never
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


24     Very high responsibility
20     Moderate responsibility
21     Limited responsibility
33     No responsibility
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


11     Continually or almost continually
20     About half the time
51     Less than half the time
11     Never
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


23     Every day
64     Never
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


17     Serious
33     Fairly serious
38     Not serious at all
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


15     Once a month or more but not every week
30     Once a year or more but not every month
43     Never
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


11     About half the time
58     Less than half the time
23     Never
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


11     More than half the time
70     Less than half the time
19     Never
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


11     Once a month or more but not every week
20     Once a year or more but not every month
58     Never
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


33     Once a year or more but not every month
56     Never
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


79     Never
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


22     Once a year or more but not every month
73     Never
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


17     Once a year or more but not every month
75     Never
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


17     Once a year or more but not every month
78     Never
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


12     Once a year or more but not every month
83     Never
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


25     Once a year or more but not every month
75     Never
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


24     Less than half the time
76     Never
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


89     Never
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


16     Less than half the time
84     Never
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


91     Never
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


92     Regular (established routine, set schedule)
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


92     Never
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


94     Not important at all
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


100     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


100     Never
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


100     Never
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


100     Never
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


100     Never
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


100     Never

back to top

Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
Related Experience Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
Job Training Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include librarians, lawyers, astronomers, biologists, clergy, surgeons, and veterinarians.
SVP Range (8.0 and above)

back to top

Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
70   Master's degree
8   Bachelor's degree
6   Some college, no degree

back to top

Credentials

Find Training Find Certifications Find Licenses

back to top

Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
100 
Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
72 
Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
61 
Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
39 
Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
28 
Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
22 
Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

back to top

Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
91 
Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
90 
Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
89 
Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
88 
Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
87 
Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
86 
Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
84 
Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
83 
Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
82 
Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
81 
Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
80 
Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
76 
Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
75 
Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
73 
Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
73 
Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
72 
Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.

back to top

Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
83 
Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
78 
Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
67 
Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
61 
Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
56 
Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
50 
Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

back to top

Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2016) $27.73 hourly, $57,680 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2014) 143,000 employees
Projected growth (2014-2024) Slower than average (2% to 4%) Slower than average (2% to 4%)
Projected job openings (2014-2024) 29,500
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2014)
Educational Services (58% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2016 wage data external site and 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

back to top

Job Openings on the Web

Find Jobs

back to top

Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

back to top