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Details Report for:
37-3011.00 - Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers

Landscape or maintain grounds of property using hand or power tools or equipment. Workers typically perform a variety of tasks, which may include any combination of the following: sod laying, mowing, trimming, planting, watering, fertilizing, digging, raking, sprinkler installation, and installation of mortarless segmental concrete masonry wall units.

Sample of reported job titles: Gardener, Greenskeeper, Grounds Maintenance Worker, Grounds Person, Grounds Worker, Grounds/Maintenance Specialist, Groundskeeper, Landscape Specialist, Landscape Technician, Outside Maintenance Worker

View report: Summary  Details  Custom

Tasks  |  Technology Skills  |  Tools Used  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
78   Core
Gather and remove litter.
77   Core
Use hand tools, such as shovels, rakes, pruning saws, saws, hedge or brush trimmers, or axes.
74   Core
Operate vehicles or powered equipment, such as mowers, tractors, twin-axle vehicles, snow blowers, chain-saws, electric clippers, sod cutters, or pruning saws.
74   Core
Water lawns, trees, or plants, using portable sprinkler systems, hoses, or watering cans.
70   Core
Prune or trim trees, shrubs, or hedges, using shears, pruners, or chain saws.
70   Core
Mix and spray or spread fertilizers, herbicides, or insecticides onto grass, shrubs, or trees, using hand or automatic sprayers or spreaders.
64   Core
Care for established lawns by mulching, aerating, weeding, grubbing, removing thatch, or trimming or edging around flower beds, walks, or walls.
64   Core
Follow planned landscaping designs to determine where to lay sod, sow grass, or plant flowers or foliage.
63   Core
Trim or pick flowers and clean flower beds.
63   Core
Attach wires from planted trees to support stakes.
62   Core
Plant seeds, bulbs, foliage, flowering plants, grass, ground covers, trees, or shrubs and apply mulch for protection, using gardening tools.
61   Core
Mow or edge lawns, using power mowers or edgers.
61   Core
Rake, mulch, and compost leaves.
60   Core
Decorate gardens with stones or plants.
69   Supplemental
Use irrigation methods to adjust the amount of water consumption and to prevent waste.
67   Supplemental
Provide proper upkeep of sidewalks, driveways, parking lots, fountains, planters, burial sites, or other grounds features.
67   Supplemental
Shovel snow from walks, driveways, or parking lots and spread salt in those areas.
65   Supplemental
Maintain irrigation systems, including winterizing the systems and starting them up in spring.
64   Supplemental
Plan or cultivate lawns or gardens.
61   Supplemental
Maintain or repair tools, equipment, or structures, such as buildings, greenhouses, fences, or benches, using hand or power tools.
60   Supplemental
Care for artificial turf fields, periodically removing the turf and replacing cushioning pads or vacuuming and disinfecting the turf after use to prevent the growth of harmful bacteria.
58   Supplemental
Install rock gardens, ponds, decks, drainage systems, irrigation systems, retaining walls, fences, planters, or playground equipment.
57   Supplemental
Care for natural turf fields, making sure the underlying soil has the required composition to allow proper drainage and to support the grasses used on the fields.
56   Supplemental
Advise customers on plant selection or care.
50   Supplemental
Haul or spread topsoil or spread straw over seeded soil to hold soil in place.
46   Supplemental
Mark design boundaries and paint natural or artificial turf fields with team logos or names before events.
40   Supplemental
Build forms and mix and pour cement to form garden borders.

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Technology Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Electronic mail software — IBM Notes Hot technology
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office
  • Operating system software — Microsoft Windows
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel Hot technology
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word

Hot technology Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.

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Tools Used   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Adjustable widemouth pliers
  • Adjustable wrenches
  • Agricultural tractors — Tractors
  • All terrain vehicles tracked or wheeled — Utility vehicles
  • Axes — Pick axes
  • Backhoes
  • Cable reels — Electrical cord reels
  • Cargo trucks
  • Concrete mixers or plants — Concrete mixers
  • Cultivators — Soil pulverizers; Tillers
  • Draglines — Drag brooms; Drag leveling bars; Plow pan spikers; X-drags (see all 7 examples)
  • Dump trucks
  • Ear clamps — Oetiker clamps
  • Ear plugs — Protective ear plugs
  • Fertilizer spreaders or distributors — Fertilizer spreaders; Hand spreaders; Salt spreaders
  • Forestry saws — Pruning saws
  • Forklifts
  • Front end loaders
  • Garden forks — Mulching forks
  • Gas generators
  • Gas welding or brazing or cutting apparatus — Gas welders
  • Goggles — Safety goggles
  • Graders or land levelers — Land levelers; Land planes; Landscape rakes; Power rakes (see all 7 examples)
  • Grinding wheels — Knife sharpeners
  • Hammers
  • Hand sprayers — Backpack pump sprayers
  • Handheld thermometer — Digital soil thermometers
  • Harrows — Flexible chain-link harrows; Reversible spike harrows
  • Hedge clippers — Hedge shears; Hedge trimmers
  • Hoes — Scuffle hoes
  • Hydraulic truck cranes — Aerial lift trucks; Hydraulic booms
  • Ladders — Extension ladders
  • Lawnmowers — Hydrostatic mowers; Manual mowers; Push mowers; Riding mowers (see all 6 examples)
  • Levels — Mound slope gauges
  • Measuring wheels for distance — Measuring wheels
  • Paint sprayers — Paint sprayguns; Wheeled paint sprayers
  • Pallet trucks
  • Picks — Ground picks
  • Pipe or tube cutter — Pipe cutters
  • Power blowers — Backpack blowers; Leaf blowers
  • Power chippers — Leaf-grinding machines; Wood chippers
  • Power drills — Hammer drills; Handheld power drills
  • Power saws — Chain saws
  • Power trimmers — Line trimmers; String trimmers
  • Precision file — Precision files
  • Protective gloves — Safety gloves
  • Rakes — Arena rakes; Iron rakes; Leaf rakes; Turf sweepers (see all 6 examples)
  • Rollers for lawn or sports grounds — Turf rollers; Turf striping rollers
  • Rubber mallet — Rubber mallets
  • Saws — Handsaws; Pole saws
  • Screwdrivers
  • Scrubbing machines — Power sweepers; Tractor broom attachments
  • Secateurs or pruning shears — Loppers; Pruners
  • Seeder attachment — Overseed enhancing tools
  • Shielded metal arc welding or stick welding machine — Shielded arc welding tools
  • Shovels — Dirt shovels; Snow shovels; Sod lifters
  • Snow blowers
  • Snowplow attachments
  • Sockets — Socket wrenches
  • Soil core sampling apparatus — Hex pluggers; Soil probes; Soil profilers
  • Spades
  • Sprayers — Pressurized sprayers; Truck-mounted chemical sprayers
  • Squeegees or washers — Roller squeegees
  • Stencils or lettering aids — Field painting stencils
  • Tape measures — Field layout systems; Measuring tapes
  • Tarpaulins — Ground tarps
  • Trowels
  • Water pumps — Puddle pumps
  • Water sprinklers — Sprinklers
  • Weeders — Brush trimmers
  • Wheel loaders — Bucket loaders

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
60 
English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
56 
Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
50 
Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
48 
Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
44 
Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
42 
Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
40 
Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
38 
Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
34 
Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
32 
Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
31 
Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
30 
Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
26 
Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
26 
Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
26 
Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
23 
Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
23 
Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
22 
Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
21 
Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
19 
Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
18 
Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
15 
Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
13 
Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
13 
Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
11 
Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
9 
Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
8 
Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
7 
Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
7 
Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
4 
History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
4 
Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
4 
Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
2 
Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
53 
Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
47 
Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
47 
Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
44 
Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
44 
Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
44 
Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
41 
Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
38 
Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
38 
Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
38 
Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
38 
Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
31 
Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
31 
Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
31 
Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
31 
Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
28 
Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
28 
Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
28 
Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
28 
Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
28 
Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
25 
Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
25 
Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
25 
Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
22 
Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
22 
Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
22 
Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
19 
Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
19 
Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
16 
Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
16 
Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
13 
Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
6 
Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
3 
Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
3 
Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
0 
Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
66 
Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
60 
Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
56 
Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
53 
Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
53 
Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
53 
Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
53 
Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
50 
Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
50 
Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
50 
Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
50 
Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
47 
Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
47 
Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
47 
Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
47 
Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
47 
Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
47 
Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
44 
Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
44 
Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
44 
Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
44 
Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
44 
Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
44 
Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
41 
Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
41 
Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
41 
Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
38 
Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
38 
Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
35 
Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
35 
Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
35 
Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
31 
Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
31 
Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
31 
Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
28 
Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
28 
Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
28 
Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
28 
Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
28 
Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
25 
Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
25 
Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
25 
Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
25 
Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
25 
Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
25 
Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
22 
Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
22 
Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
19 
Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
19 
Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
19 
Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
16 
Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
13 
Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
73 
Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
70 
Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
66 
Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
66 
Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
65 
Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
64 
Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
61 
Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
61 
Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
61 
Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
60 
Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
60 
Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
60 
Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
59 
Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
58 
Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
56 
Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
54 
Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
52 
Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
49 
Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
46 
Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
44 
Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
42 
Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
42 
Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
41 
Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
37 
Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
37 
Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
35 
Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
32 
Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
32 
Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
31 
Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
26 
Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
24 
Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
24 
Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
22 
Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
18 
Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
17 
Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
16 
Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
15 
Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
14 
Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
14 
Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
7 
Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
6 
Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.

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Detailed Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Dispose of trash or waste materials.
  • Operate grounds maintenance equipment.
  • Irrigate lawns, trees, or plants.
  • Drive trucks or other vehicles to or at work sites.
  • Trim trees or other vegetation.
  • Prepare chemicals for work application.
  • Treat greenery or surfaces with protective substances.
  • Remove snow.
  • Maintain equipment or systems to ensure proper functioning.
  • Cultivate lawns, turf, or gardens.
  • Evaluate reports or designs to determine work needs.
  • Clean facilities or sites.
  • Install equipment to protect or support trees.
  • Plant greenery to improve landscape appearance.
  • Remove debris from work sites.
  • Decorate indoor or outdoor spaces.
  • Provide information about landscaping services or costs.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context

Percentage of Top Responses
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


99     Every day
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


75     Every day
24     Once a week or more but not every day
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


85     Every day
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


57     Every day
38     Once a week or more but not every day
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


64     Continually or almost continually
17     More than half the time
11     Less than half the time
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


57     Continually or almost continually
22     More than half the time
11     About half the time
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


59     Every day
18     Once a week or more but not every day
13     Once a year or more but not every month
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


20     Very close (near touching)
69     Moderately close (at arm's length)
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


66     Every day
16     Once a year or more but not every month
12     Never
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


41     Continually or almost continually
37     More than half the time
16     Less than half the time
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


45     Extremely important
25     Very important
19     Important
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


38     Every day
43     Once a week or more but not every day
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


20     Extremely important
57     Very important
13     Important
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


36     Every day
24     Once a month or more but not every week
31     Once a year or more but not every month
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


23     Every day
37     Once a week or more but not every day
15     Once a year or more but not every month
19     Never
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


20     Very high responsibility
13     Limited responsibility
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


18     More than 40 hours
77     40 hours
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


42     Every day
13     Once a month or more but not every week
13     Once a year or more but not every month
25     Never
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


46     Every day
39     Never
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


44     Constant contact with others
25     Occasional contact with others
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


37     Once a week or more but not every day
17     Once a year or more but not every month
19     Never
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


26     Extremely important
42     Important
15     Fairly important
12     Not important at all
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


12     Continually or almost continually
30     More than half the time
35     About half the time
13     Never
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — What results do your decisions usually have on other people or the image or reputation or financial resources of your employer?


22     Very important results
28     Important results
16     Moderate results
12     Minor results
22     No results
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


16     Very high responsibility
29     No responsibility
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


41     Some freedom
15     Limited freedom
28     Very little freedom
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


20     Continually or almost continually
30     More than half the time
13     About half the time
31     Never
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


28     Extremely serious
18     Not serious at all
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


24     Extremely important
21     Very important
20     Fairly important
31     Not important at all
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


19     Extremely competitive
12     Highly competitive
28     Moderately competitive
35     Not at all competitive
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


34     Every day
15     Once a year or more but not every month
41     Never
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


24     Continually or almost continually
12     About half the time
40     Less than half the time
20     Never
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


30     Once a week or more but not every day
21     Once a month or more but not every week
39     Never
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


15     A lot of freedom
45     Very little freedom
21     No freedom
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


24     Moderately automated
45     Slightly automated
15     Not at all automated
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


34     Once a week or more but not every day
55     Never
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


28     Once a month or more but not every week
28     Once a year or more but not every month
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


20     Important
32     Not important at all
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


11     Extremely important
13     Very important
40     Fairly important
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


14     Once a week or more but not every day
28     Once a month or more but not every week
53     Never
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


20     Once a week or more but not every day
14     Once a month or more but not every week
22     Once a year or more but not every month
44     Never
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


15     More than half the time
62     Less than half the time
21     Never
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


15     Once a month or more but not every week
16     Once a year or more but not every month
50     Never
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


14     Every day
12     Once a month or more but not every week
60     Never
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


14     Every day
72     Never
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


34     Less than half the time
51     Never
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


12     Every day
15     Once a year or more but not every month
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


12     Once a month or more but not every week
66     Never
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


38     Less than half the time
45     Never
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


12     Every day
75     Never
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


13     Once a year or more but not every month
68     Never
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


72     Never
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


12     Once a week or more but not every day
82     Never
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


81     Never
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


15     Once a year or more but not every month
80     Never

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone One: Little or No Preparation Needed
Education Some of these occupations may require a high school diploma or GED certificate.
Related Experience Little or no previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, a person can become a waiter or waitress even if he/she has never worked before.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few days to a few months of training. Usually, an experienced worker could show you how to do the job.
Job Zone Examples These occupations involve following instructions and helping others. Examples include counter and rental clerks, dishwashers, cashiers, landscaping and groundskeeping workers, logging equipment operators, and baristas.
SVP Range (Below 4.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
39   Less than high school diploma
31   Post-secondary certificate Help
18   Bachelor's degree

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Credentials

Find Certifications Find Licenses Find Apprenticeships

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
100 
Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
56 
Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
33 
Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
33 
Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
28 
Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
6 
Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
79 
Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
79 
Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
73 
Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
73 
Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
72 
Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
71 
Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
71 
Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
70 
Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
67 
Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
66 
Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
64 
Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
63 
Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
61 
Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
55 
Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
51 
Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
50 
Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
39 
Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
33 
Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
33 
Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
28 
Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
28 
Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
17 
Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2016) $12.65 hourly, $26,320 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2014) 1,168,000 employees
Projected growth (2014-2024) Average (5% to 8%) Average (5% to 8%)
Projected job openings (2014-2024) 282,300
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2014)
Administrative and Support Services (42% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2016 wage data external site and 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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