Details Report for:
49-9021.02 - Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers
Install and repair industrial and commercial refrigerating systems.
Sample of reported job titles: Ammonia Refrigeration Technician; Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning / Refrigeration Technician (HVAC / R Technician); Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning Service Technician (HVAC Service Technician); Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning Technician (HVAC Technician); HVAC/R Service Technician (Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning/Refrigeration Service Technician); Refrigeration Mechanic; Refrigeration Operator; Refrigeration Technician; Service Technician; Transportation Refrigeration Technician
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
Tools used in this occupation:
- Adjustable widemouth pliers
- Adjustable wrenches
- Air compressors
- Air velocity and temperature monitors — Draft gauges; Velometers
- Alignment jig — Material alignment jigs
- Ammeters — Milliammeters
- Blow torch — Acetylene torches
- Bolt cutters
- Calipers — Vernier calipers
- Capacitance meters — Capacitance testers
- Caulking guns
- Chalk lines
- Chemical test strips or papers — Litmus papers
- Cold chisels
- Conduit benders
- Dial indicator or dial gauge — Dial indicators
- Drill bit set — Drill bit sets
- Electrical frequency meters — Electrical frequency indicators
- End cut pliers — Side cutting pliers
- Explosimeters — Combustion analyzers
- Feeler gauges
- Fish tape — Fish tapes
- Flow sensors — Air volume test equipment
- Flowmeters — Air flow hoods; Pitot tubes
- Frequency calibrator or simulator — Current simulators; Voltage simulators
- GFI circuit testers — Ground fault circuit interrupter GFCI testers
- Glue guns
- Goggles — Safety goggles
- Grease guns
- Hacksaw — Hacksaws
- Hand reamer — Reamers
- Hand sprayers
- Hand trucks or accessories — Hand trucks
- Handheld refractometers or polarimeters — Portable refractometers
- Handheld thermometer — Handheld thermometers; Water temperature gauges
- Hex keys — Allen wrenches
- Hold down clamps
- Hole saws
- Hydraulic pumps — Transfer pumps
- Infrared imagers — Infrared thermography cameras and display units
- Label making machines — Labeling machines
- Laser printers
- Leak testing equipment — Smoke testers
- Level sensors or transmitters — Transit levels
- Levels — Bubble levels; Laser levels; Precision levels; Water levels
- Lifelines or lifeline equipment — Fall arrest lines
- Liquid leak detectors — Refrigerant leak detectors
- Lug crimping tool dies
- Manual wire straighteners — Fin combs
- Medical acoustic stethoscope or accessory — Mechanical stethoscopes
- Metal band sawing machine — Bandsaws
- Moisture meters — Micron gauges
- Notebook computers — Laptop computers
- Nut drivers
- Ohmmeters — Volt-ohm meters VOM
- Oil pumps — Refrigerant oil pumps
- Open end wrenches
- Oxygen gas analyzers — Oxygen testers
- Personal computers
- Phasemeters — Phase rotation meters
- Pipe or tube cutter — Pipe cutters; Tube cutters
- Pipe wrenches
- Platform lift — Platform lifts; Staging equipment
- Plotter printers — Plotters
- Portable data input terminals — Computer diagnostic devices; Dataloggers
- Power drills — Cordless drills; Electric drills; Hand drills
- Power flaring tool — Flaring tools
- Power saws — Reciprocating saws
- Pressure indicators — Gas pressure gauges; Magnehelic gauges; Pressure simulators
- Pressure or steam cleaners — Power washers
- Pry bars — Crowbars
- Punches or nail sets or drifts — Knockout punches; Punches
- Razor knives — Scrapers
- Refrigerant compressors — Charging cylinders; Charging manifolds
- Safety glasses
- Safety harnesses or belts — Safety belts; Safety harnesses
- Sampling manifolds — Service manifold sets
- Scales — Scale rules
- Scanners — Image scanners
- Screw extractors — Screw extractor sets
- Shackle — Shackles
- Single gas monitors — Carbon dioxide CO2 testers; Carbon monoxide evaluators
- Socket sets — Socket wrench sets
- Soldering iron — Soldering guns; Soldering irons
- Sound measuring apparatus or decibel meter — Decibel meters
- Specialty wrenches — Valve wrenches
- Straight edges — Straightedges
- Stripping tools — Wire strippers
- Swaging tools
- Tachometers — Strobe tachometers
- Tape measures
- Telescoping boom lift — Telescoping boom trucks
- Temperature calibrator or simulator — Temperature simulators
- Temperature gauge — Temperature gauges
- Temperature humidity testers — Humidity simulators
- Tension testers — Belt tension indicators
- Thermocouple probes — Thermocouple testers
- Threading dies — Pipe dies; Pipe threaders
- Threading taps — Tap sets
- Tinners snips — Tin snips
- Torque wrenches
- Two way radios
- Ultraviolet UV lamps — Black lights
- Utility knives
- Vacuum cleaners — Industrial vacuums
- Vacuum gauges — Compound gauges
- Vacuum pumps — Recovery and recycle units
- Vibration testers — Vibration analyis equipment
- Wattmeters — Watt transducers
- Welder torch — Brazing equipment
- Winches — Staging winches
- Wire brushes
- Wire cutters
Technology used in this occupation:
- Data base user interface and query software — Database software
- Facilities management software — Facility energy management software; Johnson Controls Metasys
- Office suite software — Microsoft Office
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.
- Adjust equipment to ensure optimal performance.
- Inspect systems to determine if they are operating properly.
- Repair pipes to stop leaking.
- Braze metal parts or components.
- Disassemble equipment to inspect for deficiencies.
- Replace worn, damaged, or defective mechanical parts.
- Test mechanical systems to ensure proper functioning.
- Repair worn, damaged, or defective mechanical parts.
- Install machine or equipment replacement parts.
- Maintain repair or maintenance records.
- Connect electrical components or equipment.
- Install heating, ventilation, or air conditioning (HVAC) equipment.
- Install home appliances.
- Order materials, supplies, or equipment.
- Schedule repair, installation or maintenance activities.
- Supervise employees.
- Train others in operational procedures.
- Travel to work sites to perform installation, repair or maintenance work.
- Cut materials according to specifications or needs.
- Interpret blueprints, specifications, or diagrams to inform installation, development or operation activities.
- Lay out work according to specifications.
- Operate cranes, hoists, or other moving or lifting equipment.
- Fabricate parts or components.
- Drill holes in parts, equipment, or materials.
- Install hardware or other interior fixtures.
- Install insulation in equipment or structures.
|Title||Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.|
|Related Experience||Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, travel guides, electricians, agricultural technicians, barbers, nannies, and medical assistants.|
|SVP Range||(6.0 to < 7.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|22||Some college, no degree|
Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
|47-4021.00||Elevator Installers and Repairers|
|49-2094.00||Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment|
|49-2095.00||Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Powerhouse, Substation, and Relay|
|49-3011.00||Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians|
|49-3023.01||Automotive Master Mechanics|
|49-3042.00||Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines|
|49-9021.01||Heating and Air Conditioning Mechanics and Installers Bright Outlook Green|
|49-9071.00||Maintenance and Repair Workers, General|
Wages & Employment Trends
Median wages data collected from Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers.
Employment data collected from Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers.
Industry data collected from Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers.
|Median wages (2015)||$21.69 hourly, $45,110 annual|
|Employment (2014)||292,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2014-2024)||Much faster than average (14% or higher)|
|Projected job openings (2014-2024)||84,200|
|Top industries (2014)||
Construction (65% employed in this sector)
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data and 2014-2024 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics and installers . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2016-17 Edition.