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Details Report for:
51-5113.00 - Print Binding and Finishing Workers

Bind books and other publications or finish printed products by hand or machine. May set up binding and finishing machines.

Sample of reported job titles: Binder Operator, Bindery Operator, Bindery Production Manager, Bindery Technician, Bindery Worker, Book Binder, Custom Bookbinder, Machine Operator, Perfect Binder Operator, Production Associate

View report: Summary  Details  Custom

Tasks  |  Technology Skills  |  Tools Used  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
90   Core
Examine stitched, collated, bound, or unbound product samples for defects, such as imperfect bindings, ink spots, torn pages, loose pages, or loose or uncut threads.
89   Core
Read work orders to determine instructions and specifications for machine set-up.
87   Core
Install or adjust bindery machine devices, such as knives, guides, rollers, rounding forms, creasing rams, or clamps, to accommodate sheets, signatures, or books of specified sizes.
87   Core
Trim edges of books to size, using cutting machines, book trimming machines, or hand cutters.
87   Core
Stitch or glue endpapers, bindings, backings, or signatures, using sewing machines, glue machines, or glue and brushes.
86   Core
Monitor machine operations to detect malfunctions or to determine whether adjustments are needed.
85   Core
Maintain records, such as daily production records, using specified forms.
85   Core
Lubricate, clean, or make minor repairs to machine parts to keep machines in working condition.
84   Core
Set up or operate bindery machines, such as coil binders, thermal or tape binders, plastic comb binders, or specialty binders.
83   Core
Set up or operate machines that perform binding operations, such as pressing, folding, or trimming.
79   Core
Prepare finished books for shipping by wrapping or packing books and stacking boxes on pallets.
77   Core
Set up or operate glue machines by filling glue reservoirs, turning switches to activate heating elements, or adjusting glue flow or conveyor speed.
76   Core
Train workers to set up, operate, and use automatic bindery machines.
86   Supplemental
Insert book bodies in devices that form back edges of books into convex shapes and produce grooves that facilitate cover attachment.
82   Supplemental
Cut cover material to specified dimensions, fitting and gluing material to binder boards by hand or machine.
81   Supplemental
Cut binder boards to specified dimensions, using board shears, hand cutters, or cutting machines.
81   Supplemental
Bind new books, using hand tools such as bone folders, knives, hammers, or brass binding tools.
81   Supplemental
Perform highly skilled hand finishing binding operations, such as grooving or lettering.
81   Supplemental
Imprint or emboss lettering, designs, or numbers on book covers, using gold, silver, or colored foil, and stamping machines.
80   Supplemental
Compress sewed or glued signatures, using hand presses or smashing machines.
80   Supplemental
Meet with clients, printers, or designers to discuss job requirements or binding plans.
80   Supplemental
Form book bodies by folding and sewing printed sheets to form signatures and assembling signatures in numerical order.
74   Supplemental
Design original or special bindings for limited editions or other custom binding projects.
70   Supplemental
Punch holes in and fasten paper sheets, signatures, or other material, using hand or machine punches and staplers.
65   Supplemental
Repair, restore, or rebind old, rare, or damaged books, using hand tools.
61   Supplemental
Apply color to edges of signatures using brushes, pads, or atomizers.

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Technology Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Accounting software — Trade Bindery Software Bindery Estimating System
  • Data base user interface and query software — Data entry software Hot technology
  • Desktop publishing software — Microsoft Publisher Hot technology
  • Electronic mail software — Email software
  • Enterprise resource planning ERP software Hot technology — Trade Bindery Software Bindery Management System
  • Label making software — Label printing software
  • Library software — Houchen Bindery Library Automated Retrieval System LARS
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel Hot technology
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word

Hot technology Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.

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Tools Used   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Applicator brushes — Bookbinding glue brushes
  • Banding machines — Strapping machines
  • Book creasing machines — Rounding and backing machines; Scoring machines
  • Book cutting machines — Die cutting equipment
  • Book folding machines — Buckle folders; Knife folders
  • Book jogging machines — Paper jogging machines
  • Book punching machines — Paper punching machines; Punching cradles
  • Book stitching machines — Book stitching equipment; Coil binding machines; Saddle stitchers; Spiral coil inserters (see all 5 examples)
  • Conveyor feeders — Cover feeders; Signature feeders
  • Digital duplicators — Digital duplicating machines
  • Dollies — Hand dollies
  • End cut pliers — Band nippers
  • Flat nose pliers — Coil crimping pliers
  • Forklifts
  • Hand trucks or accessories — Hand trucks
  • Hot stamp printer — Hot foil stamping machines
  • Industrial shrink wrap equipment — Shrink wrap machines
  • Jig block — Bookbinding jigs
  • Knife blades — Paper knives
  • Laminators — Laminating machines
  • Longnose pliers — Long nose pliers
  • Output stackers — Bindery stackers
  • Paint rollers — Glue rollers
  • Pallet trucks — Pallet jacks
  • Paper drilling machines — Paper drills
  • Perforating machines — Perforators
  • Personal computers
  • Printing assemblers — Case makers; Padding presses; Smashing machines
  • Printing awls — Bookbinding awls
  • Printing collators or decollators — Printing collators
  • Printing cutters — Corner rounders
  • Printing guillotines — Board shears; Guillotine paper cutters
  • Printing punches — Push drills
  • Printing trimmers — Hydraulic trimmers
  • Punches or nail sets or drifts — Rotary punches
  • Roller conveyors — Bookbinding machine conveyors
  • Rulers — Book binding rulers
  • Thermal book binding machines — Perfect binding machines; Spine tapers; Tape binding machines; Thermal book binding equipment
  • Utility knives — Bookbinding utility knives

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
63 
Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
60 
Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
56 
Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
52 
Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
48 
English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
48 
Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
44 
Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
43 
Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
35 
Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
29 
Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
29 
Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
29 
Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
24 
Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
21 
Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
19 
Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
17 
Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
16 
Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
15 
Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
13 
Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
12 
Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
11 
Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
8 
Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
7 
Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
6 
Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
6 
Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
5 
Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
4 
Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
4 
Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
4 
Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
4 
History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
4 
Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
2 
Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
1 
Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
60 
Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
56 
Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
53 
Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
53 
Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
53 
Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
50 
Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
50 
Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
50 
Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
47 
Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
47 
Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
47 
Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
47 
Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
47 
Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
47 
Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
47 
Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
44 
Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
41 
Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
41 
Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
41 
Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
38 
Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
38 
Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
38 
Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
38 
Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
38 
Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
35 
Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
28 
Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
28 
Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
28 
Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
22 
Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
16 
Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
16 
Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
16 
Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
16 
Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
6 
Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
3 
Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
63 
Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
63 
Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
63 
Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
60 
Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
60 
Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
60 
Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
60 
Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
56 
Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
56 
Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
56 
Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
53 
Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
53 
Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
53 
Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
53 
Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
53 
Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
53 
Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
50 
Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
50 
Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
47 
Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
47 
Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
47 
Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
47 
Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
47 
Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
44 
Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
44 
Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
44 
Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
44 
Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
44 
Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
41 
Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
41 
Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
38 
Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
38 
Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
38 
Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
38 
Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
38 
Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
35 
Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
35 
Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
35 
Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
35 
Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
31 
Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
31 
Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
28 
Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
28 
Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
25 
Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
25 
Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
25 
Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
25 
Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
22 
Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
19 
Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
19 
Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
13 
Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
10 
Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
82 
Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
80 
Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
80 
Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
76 
Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
73 
Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
69 
Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
68 
Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
66 
Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
65 
Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
65 
Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
65 
Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
63 
Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
58 
Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
58 
Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
58 
Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
58 
Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
56 
Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
52 
Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
51 
Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
51 
Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
51 
Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
51 
Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
49 
Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
47 
Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
46 
Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
46 
Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
44 
Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
42 
Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
41 
Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
40 
Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
39 
Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
38 
Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
36 
Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
36 
Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
36 
Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
35 
Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
28 
Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
27 
Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
26 
Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
22 
Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
11 
Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.

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Detailed Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Inspected printed materials or other images to verify quality.
  • Study blueprints or other instructions to determine equipment setup requirements.
  • Sew clothing or other articles.
  • Mount attachments or tools onto production equipment.
  • Operate sewing equipment.
  • Trim excess material from workpieces.
  • Watch operating equipment to detect malfunctions.
  • Mount materials or workpieces onto production equipment.
  • Clean production equipment.
  • Lubricate production equipment.
  • Record operational or production data.
  • Repair production equipment or tools.
  • Operate equipment to print images or bind printed images together.
  • Cut industrial materials in preparation for fabrication or processing.
  • Engrave designs, text, or other markings onto materials, workpieces, or products.
  • Confer with customers or designers to determine order specifications.
  • Package products for storage or shipment.
  • Stack finished items for further processing or shipment.
  • Adjust equipment controls to regulate flow of production materials or products.
  • Load materials into production equipment.
  • Instruct workers to use equipment or perform technical procedures.
  • Drill holes in parts, equipment, or materials.
  • Apply protective or decorative finishes to workpieces or products.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context

Percentage of Top Responses
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


83     Every day
12     Once a week or more but not every day
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


82     Continually or almost continually
11     More than half the time
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


72     Extremely important
12     Very important
15     Important
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


43     Extremely important
46     Very important
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


80     Every day
11     Never
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


69     Continually or almost continually
17     About half the time
12     Less than half the time
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


53     Continually or almost continually
29     More than half the time
11     Less than half the time
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


56     Every day
22     Once a week or more but not every day
19     Never
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


50     Every day
22     Once a week or more but not every day
11     Once a month or more but not every week
13     Never
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


45     Every day
24     Once a week or more but not every day
13     Once a month or more but not every week
11     Once a year or more but not every month
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — What results do your decisions usually have on other people or the image or reputation or financial resources of your employer?


39     Very important results
33     Important results
12     Minor results
12     No results
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


49     Every day
20     Once a week or more but not every day
22     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


54     Every day
11     Once a month or more but not every week
21     Never
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


50     Every day
16     Once a month or more but not every week
21     Never
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


19     Extremely important
37     Very important
31     Important
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


30     Constant contact with others
26     Contact with others most of the time
28     Contact with others about half the time
12     No contact with others
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


35     Extremely important
23     Very important
13     Important
20     Fairly important
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


22     Very high responsibility
25     High responsibility
45     Moderate responsibility
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


21     A lot of freedom
31     Some freedom
21     Limited freedom
26     Very little freedom
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


30     A lot of freedom
16     Some freedom
21     Limited freedom
32     Very little freedom
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


16     Very high responsibility
33     High responsibility
37     Moderate responsibility
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


17     Extremely important
34     Very important
27     Important
18     Not important at all
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


28     Continually or almost continually
23     More than half the time
45     Less than half the time
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


12     Very close (near touching)
36     Moderately close (at arm's length)
14     Slightly close (e.g., shared office)
37     I work with others but not closely (e.g., private office)
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


15     Extremely serious
26     Very serious
24     Serious
24     Fairly serious
11     Not serious at all
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


15     More than 40 hours
71     40 hours
14     Less than 40 hours
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


23     Continually or almost continually
11     More than half the time
49     Less than half the time
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


18     Highly automated
49     Moderately automated
19     Slightly automated
14     Not at all automated
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


60     Moderately competitive
14     Slightly competitive
16     Not at all competitive
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


21     Every day
16     Once a week or more but not every day
49     Never
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


24     Very important
13     Important
11     Fairly important
41     Not important at all
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


27     Once a week or more but not every day
45     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


18     Every day
14     Once a month or more but not every week
14     Once a year or more but not every month
44     Never
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


21     Once a week or more but not every day
24     Once a month or more but not every week
17     Once a year or more but not every month
38     Never
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


35     Once a month or more but not every week
22     Once a year or more but not every month
33     Never
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


25     Once a week or more but not every day
64     Never
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


19     Every day
76     Never
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


11     About half the time
54     Less than half the time
34     Never
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


13     Once a month or more but not every week
69     Never
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


33     Irregular (changes with weather conditions, production demands, or contract duration)
66     Regular (established routine, set schedule)
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


78     Never
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


30     Less than half the time
61     Never
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


85     Never
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


18     Less than half the time
72     Never
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


14     Once a month or more but not every week
17     Once a year or more but not every month
69     Never
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


92     Never
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


18     Once a year or more but not every month
82     Never
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


93     Never
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


15     Once a year or more but not every month
85     Never
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


17     Less than half the time
83     Never
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


94     Never
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


91     Never
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


12     Once a year or more but not every month
88     Never
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


97     Never
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


95     Never
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


100     Never
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


100     Never

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed
Education These occupations usually require a high school diploma.
Related Experience Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include orderlies, forest firefighters, customer service representatives, security guards, upholsterers, and tellers.
SVP Range (4.0 to < 6.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
88   High school diploma or equivalent Help
4   Less than high school diploma
4   Post-secondary certificate Help

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Credentials

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
83 
Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
61 
Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
33 
Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
22 
Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
11 
Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
6 
Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
88 
Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
82 
Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
76 
Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
76 
Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
75 
Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
72 
Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
71 
Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
69 
Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
67 
Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
66 
Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
65 
Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
61 
Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
55 
Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
53 
Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
50 
Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
48 
Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
50 
Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
45 
Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
39 
Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
36 
Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
33 
Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
33 
Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2015) $14.55 hourly, $30,260 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2014) 51,000 employees
Projected growth (2014-2024) Decline (-2% or lower) Decline (-2% or lower)
Projected job openings (2014-2024) 7,700
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2014)
Manufacturing (85% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data external site and 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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