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Summary Report for:
13-2023.00 - Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate

Appraise real estate, exclusively, and estimate its fair value. May assess taxes in accordance with prescribed schedules.

The occupation code you requested, 13-2021.02 (Appraisers, Real Estate), is no longer in use. In the future, please use 13-2023.00 (Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate) instead.

Sample of reported job titles: Appraiser, Assessor, Certified Real Estate Appraiser, Commercial Appraiser, County Assessor, Field Appraiser, Real Estate Appraiser, Real Property Appraiser, Tax Assessor, Valuation Consultant

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Tasks  |  Technology Skills  |  Tools Used  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Compute final estimation of property values, taking into account such factors as depreciation, replacement costs, value comparisons of similar properties, and income potential. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Prepare written reports that estimate property values, outline methods by which the estimations were made, and meet appraisal standards. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Inspect new construction and major improvements to existing structures to determine values. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Collect and analyze relevant data to identify real estate market trends. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Prepare and maintain current data on each parcel assessed, including maps of boundaries, inventories of land and structures, property characteristics, and any applicable exemptions. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Explain assessed values to property owners and defend appealed assessments at public hearings. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Identify the ownership of each piece of taxable property. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Inspect properties, considering factors such as market value, location, and building or replacement costs to determine appraisal value. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Complete and maintain assessment rolls that show the assessed values and status of all property in a municipality. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Review information about transfers of property to ensure its accuracy, checking basic information on buyers, sellers, and sales prices and making corrections as necessary. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Explain real and personal property taxes to property owners. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Conduct regular reviews of property within jurisdictions to determine changes in property due to construction or demolition. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Establish uniform and equitable systems for assessing all classes and kinds of property. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Examine income records and operating costs of income properties. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Evaluate land and neighborhoods where properties are situated, considering locations and trends or impending changes that could influence future values. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Maintain familiarity with aspects of local real estate markets. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Search public records for transactions such as sales, leases, and assessments. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Check building codes and zoning bylaws to determine any effects on the properties being appraised. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Verify legal descriptions of properties by comparing them to county records. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Interview persons familiar with properties and immediate surroundings, such as contractors, home owners, and realtors, to obtain pertinent information. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Photograph interiors and exteriors of properties to assist in estimating property value, substantiate findings, and complete appraisal reports. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Obtain county land values and sales information about nearby properties to aid in establishment of property values. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Examine the type and location of nearby services, such as shopping centers, schools, parks, and other neighborhood features, to evaluate their impact on property values. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Estimate building replacement costs, using building valuation manuals and professional cost estimators. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Draw land diagrams to be used in appraisal reports to support findings. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Testify in court as to the value of a piece of real estate property. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Calculate tax bills for properties by multiplying assessed values by jurisdiction tax rates. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Approve applications for property tax exemptions or deductions. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Analyze trends in sales prices, construction costs, and rents, to assess property values or determine the accuracy of assessments. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Determine taxability of properties, using methods such as field inspection, structural measurement, calculation, sales analysis, market trend studies, and income and expense analysis. See more occupations related to this task.

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Technology Skills

  • Accounting software — CPR International GeneralCOST Estimator See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Analytical or scientific software — Construction Management Software ProEst; MicroSolve CAMA; WinEstimator WinEst; WinGap (see all 13 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Calendar and scheduling software — Govern Software Land and Permits Management System See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base user interface and query software — Database software; Microsoft Access Hot technology ; Visual PAMSPro; Yardi software (see all 14 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Desktop publishing software — ACI Appraiser's Choice See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Electronic mail software — Microsoft Outlook Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Financial analysis software — Cost estimation software; CPR Visual Estimator; RPIS Silent CMA; TietoEnator ProMatch (see all 12 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Graphics or photo imaging software — Bradford ClickFORMS; Wilson's Computer Applications RealEasy Photos Plus See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Information retrieval or search software — Online title search and property report software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Internet browser software — Web browser software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Map creation software — Emerald Data Deed-Chek; Geomechanical design analysis GDA software; Greenbrier Graphics Deed Plotter; Informatik MapDraw Deed Mapper (see all 7 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Operating system software — Microsoft Windows Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Tax preparation software — Manatron MVP Tax See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Concierge Systems Report Concierge; Microsoft Word Hot technology ; ValueTech Report Builder See more occupations related to this technology.

Hot technology Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.

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Tools Used

  • Carbon monoxide analyzer — Carbon monoxide detectors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Desktop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Electronic charts or maps or atlases — Appraisal, mapping, and comparison data reporting systems; Electronic maps; Mapping or location-based analysis systems; Real estate mapping and property description systems (see all 7 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laser measuring systems — Handheld distance meters; Laser measuring devices; Ultrasonic distance measurers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Notebook computers — Laptop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal digital assistant PDAs or organizers — Personal digital assistants PDA See more occupations related to this tool.

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Knowledge

  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Appraise property values. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prepare financial documents, reports, or budgets. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyze market conditions or trends. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain data in information systems or databases. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interpret financial information for others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Examine financial records. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Calculate data to inform organizational operations. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Verify application data to determine program eligibility. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prepare financial documents. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Verify accuracy of records. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Advise real estate clients. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluate condition of properties. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Explain financial information to customers. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Explain regulations, policies, or procedures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop business or financial information systems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Gather financial records. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Update professional knowledge. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Create images of data, locations, or products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimate costs of goods or services. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Testify at legal or legislative proceedings. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — What results do your decisions usually have on other people or the image or reputation or financial resources of your employer? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job? See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
Related Experience A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
Job Zone Examples Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include real estate brokers, sales managers, database administrators, graphic designers, chemists, art directors, and cost estimators.
SVP Range (7.0 to < 8.0)

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: ECR   Want to discover your interests? Take the O*NET Interest Profiler at My Next Move.

  • Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wage data for Property Appraisers and Assessors.
Employment data for Property Appraisers and Assessors.
Industry data for Property Appraisers and Assessors.

Median wages (2019) $27.41 hourly, $57,010 annual
State wages
Local wages
 
Employment (2019) 75,100 employees
Projected growth (2019-2029) Average (3% to 4%) Average (3% to 4%)
Projected job openings (2019-2029) 5,400
State trends
 
Top industries (2019)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2019 wage data external site and 2019-2029 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2019-2029). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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