Summary Report for:
49-9021.01 - Heating and Air Conditioning Mechanics and Installers
Install, service, or repair heating and air conditioning systems in residences or commercial establishments.
Sample of reported job titles: A/C Tech (Air Conditioning Technician); HVAC Installer (Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning Installer); HVAC Mechanic (Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning Mechanic); HVAC Service Tech (Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning Service Technician); HVAC Service Technician (Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning Service Technician); HVAC Specialist (Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning Specialist); HVAC Technician (Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning Technician); HVAC Technician (Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning Technician); Service Technician; Systems Mechanic
Tasks | Technology Skills | Tools Used | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Test pipe or tubing joints or connections for leaks, using pressure gauge or soap-and-water solution.
- Test electrical circuits or components for continuity, using electrical test equipment.
- Repair or replace defective equipment, components, or wiring.
- Discuss heating or cooling system malfunctions with users to isolate problems or to verify that repairs corrected malfunctions.
- Repair or service heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems to improve efficiency, such as by changing filters, cleaning ducts, or refilling non-toxic refrigerants.
- Install, connect, or adjust thermostats, humidistats, or timers.
- Connect heating or air conditioning equipment to fuel, water, or refrigerant source to form complete circuit.
- Study blueprints, design specifications, or manufacturers' recommendations to ascertain the configuration of heating or cooling equipment components and to ensure the proper installation of components.
- Comply with all applicable standards, policies, or procedures, such as safety procedures or the maintenance of a clean work area.
- Install auxiliary components to heating or cooling equipment, such as expansion or discharge valves, air ducts, pipes, blowers, dampers, flues, or stokers.
- Lay out and connect electrical wiring between controls and equipment, according to wiring diagrams, using electrician's hand tools.
- Inspect and test systems to verify system compliance with plans and specifications or to detect and locate malfunctions.
- Record and report time, materials, faults, deficiencies, or other unusual occurrences on work orders.
- Install and test automatic, programmable, or wireless thermostats in residential or commercial buildings to minimize energy usage for heating or cooling.
- Adjust system controls to settings recommended by manufacturer to balance system.
- Install dehumidifiers or related equipment for spaces that require cool, dry air to operate efficiently, such as computer rooms.
- Recommend, develop, or perform preventive or general maintenance procedures, such as cleaning, power-washing, or vacuuming equipment, oiling parts, or changing filters.
- Install magnetic-centrifugal chillers, compressors, or related equipment to cool air temperatures through the use of recirculating water.
- Cut or drill holes in floors, walls, or roof to install equipment, using power saws or drills.
- Measure, cut, thread, or bend pipe or tubing, using pipe fitter's tools.
- Install or repair air purification systems, such as specialized filters or ultraviolet (UV) light purification systems.
- Assemble, position, and mount heating or cooling equipment, following blueprints or manufacturer's specifications.
- Fabricate, assemble, or install duct work or chassis parts, using portable metal-working tools or welding equipment.
- Install radiator controls for room-level zone control heating of residential or commercial buildings.
- Install or repair self-contained ground source heat pumps or hybrid ground or air source heat pumps to minimize carbon-based energy consumption and reduce carbon emissions.
- Wrap pipes, securing insulation in place with cement or wire bands.
- Computer aided design CAD software — Autodesk AutoCAD ; HVAC tools software
- Customer relationship management CRM software — Contact management systems
- Data base user interface and query software — Data logging software; Database software
- Document management software — Adobe Acrobat
- Electronic mail software — Microsoft Outlook
- Enterprise resource planning ERP software — SAP
- Facilities management software — Computerized maintenance management system CMMS; Cworks CMMS; IBM Maximo Asset Management; ManagerPlus
- Graphics or photo imaging software — Graphics software
- Industrial control software — Alerton Ascent Compass; Delta Controls inteliWEB; Honeywell WEBs-N4; Johnson Controls Metasys (see all 6 examples)
- Internet browser software
- Office suite software — Microsoft Office
- Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
- Word processing software — Atlas Construction Business Forms; Microsoft Word
Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.
- Adjustable wrenches
- Air velocity and temperature monitors — Air flow sensors; Air velocity meters
- Ammeters — Milliamp/microamp meters
- Anemometers — Hot wire anemometers
- Blocks or pulleys — Riggings
- Blow torch — Acetylene torches
- Calibrated resistance measuring equipment — 4-wire resistance sensors; Resistance meters
- Capacitance meters — Capacitor analyzers
- Carbon monoxide analyzer — Carbon monoxide detectors
- Caulking guns — Caulking equipment
- Chart recorders
- Circuit tester — Circuit analyzers
- Circuit tracers
- Claw hammer — Claw hammers
- Depth indicators — Water level meters
- Desktop computers
- Diagonal cut pliers — Diagonal cutting pliers
- Drill press or radial drill — Drill presses
- Electronic measuring probes — High-voltage probes
- End cut pliers — Side cutting pliers
- Explosimeters — Combustion analyzers
- Flow sensors — Venturi meters; Water flow meters
- Flowmeters — Pitot tubes; Turbine flow meters
- Gas detectors — Combustible gas leak detectors
- GFI circuit testers — Receptacle testers
- Hacksaw — Hand hacksaws; Power hacksaws
- Hammers — Soft face hammers; Tinners hammers
- Handheld thermometer — Handheld thermometers
- Heat tracing equipment — Infrared thermometers
- Hex keys — Hex wrenches
- Hygrometers — Humidity sensors; Hygrosticks
- Inspection mirror — Inspection mirrors
- Laser printers
- Leak testing equipment — Smoke pens
- Liquid leak detectors — Refrigerant leak detectors
- Longnose pliers — Long nose pliers
- Magnetic tools — Magnetic pickup tools
- Metal cutters — Duct slicers; Metal snips
- Moisture meters
- Multimeters — Autoranging meters; Clamp-on multimeters
- Nut drivers
- Ohmmeters — Milliohm meters
- Oil gun — Oil guns
- Oxygen gas analyzers — Oxygen testers
- Personal computers
- pH meters
- Pipe bending tools — Pipe benders
- Pipe or tube cutter — Pipe cutters
- Pipe reamer — Pipe reamers
- Pipe wrenches
- Platform lift — Staging equipment
- Portable data input terminals — Dataloggers
- Power drills — Portable drills
- Power flaring tool — Flaring tools
- Power grinders
- Power saws — Circular saws; Jig saws; Reciprocating saws
- Pressure indicators — Differential pressure detectors; Pneumatic air gauges; Refrigerant pressure meters; Water pressure gauges (see all 6 examples)
- Pressure sensors — Bourdon tubes
- Psychrometers — Wet bulb/dew point meters
- Razor knives — Box cutters; Insulation knives
- Refrigerant compressors — Reclaiming equipment; Refrigerant recovery machines
- Resistance thermometers — Resistance temperature detectors
- Safety glasses
- Screwdrivers — Flared tip screwdrivers; Phillips head screwdrivers; Slotted screwdrivers
- Shears — Duct knives
- Sheet metal pliers — Hand seamers
- Single gas monitors — Carbon dioxide CO2 testers
- Slip or groove joint pliers — Groove pliers
- Smoke detectors — Smoke detector canisters
- Soldering iron — Soldering equipment
- Speed sensors — Revolutions per minute RPM meters
- Strap wrenches
- Stripping tools — Wire strippers
- Surface thermometers — Non-contact surface temperature heads
- Swaging tools
- Temperature humidity testers — Temperature/humidity testers
- Thermocouples — Bead type thermocouples; Pipe clamp thermocouples
- Threading dies — Pipe threaders
- Tube bending machine — Tubing benders
- Two way radios
- Utility knives
- Vacuum cleaners — Duct vacuums
- Vacuum gauges
- Vacuum pumps — Refrigerant vacuum pumps
- Voltage or current meters — Alternating current AC line splitters; Electrical current meters; Heating ventilation and air-conditioning/refrigeration HVAC/R clamp meters; Voltmeters (see all 5 examples)
- Water analyzers — Water testers
- Water samplers — Contaminant content tests
- Wattmeters — Watt transducers
- Welder torch — Brazing equipment
- Welding masks — Welding hoods
- Wire cutters
- Wire lug crimping tool — Sheet metal crimpers
- Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
- Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
- Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
- Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
- Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
- English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
- Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
- Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
- Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
- Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
- Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
- Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
- Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
- Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
- Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
- Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
- Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
- Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
- Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
- Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
- Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
- Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
- Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
- Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
- Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
- Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
- Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
- Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
- Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
- Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
- Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
- Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
- Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
- Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
- Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
- Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
- Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
- Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
- Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
- Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
- Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
- Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
- Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
- Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
- Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
- Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
- Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
- Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
- Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
- Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
- Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
- Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
Detailed Work Activities
- Repair pipes to stop leaking.
- Test electrical circuits or components for proper functioning.
- Service heating, ventilation or air-conditioning (HVAC) systems or components.
- Repair worn, damaged, or defective mechanical parts.
- Replace worn, damaged, or defective mechanical parts.
- Confer with customers or users to assess problems.
- Install heating, ventilation, or air conditioning (HVAC) equipment.
- Adjust equipment to ensure optimal performance.
- Interpret blueprints, specifications, or diagrams to inform installation, development or operation activities.
- Connect electrical components or equipment.
- Document operational activities.
- Inspect systems to determine if they are operating properly.
- Install energy-efficient heating, ventilation, or air conditioning (HVAC) equipment.
- Advise others on issues related to repairs, installation, or equipment design.
- Drill holes in parts, equipment, or materials.
- Cut materials according to specifications or needs.
- Measure distances or dimensions.
- Assemble mechanical components or machine parts.
- Position equipment using hand tools, power tools, or heavy equipment.
- Fabricate parts or components.
- Install insulation in equipment or structures.
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 74% responded “Every day.”
- Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 69% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 58% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Telephone — 72% responded “Every day.”
- In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — 79% responded “Every day.”
- Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 62% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Standing — 63% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Contact With Others — 64% responded “Constant contact with others.”
- Exposed to Contaminants — 71% responded “Every day.”
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 64% responded “Every day.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 59% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Time Pressure — 49% responded “Every day.”
- Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 44% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 42% responded “Every day.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 52% responded “Very high responsibility.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 49% responded “Important results.”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 69% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 39% responded “Extremely important.”
- Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 44% responded “Every day.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 43% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — 41% responded “Every day.”
- Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — 58% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Exposed to High Places — 35% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 44% responded “High responsibility.”
- Deal With External Customers — 41% responded “Extremely important.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 38% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — 39% responded “More than half the time.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 54% responded “Very important.”
- Physical Proximity — 55% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 71% responded “40 hours.”
- Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 33% responded “About half the time.”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 42% responded “Important.”
- Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 32% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Walking and Running — 47% responded “More than half the time.”
- Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — 33% responded “Every day.”
- Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — 35% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — 32% responded “About half the time.”
- Frequency of Conflict Situations — 41% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.”
|Title||Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.|
|Related Experience||Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include hydroelectric production managers, travel guides, electricians, agricultural technicians, barbers, court reporters, and medical assistants.|
|SVP Range||(6.0 to < 7.0)|
Interest code: RCI Want to discover your interests? Take the O*NET Interest Profiler at My Next Move.
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
- Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
- Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
Wages & Employment Trends
Median wages data collected from Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers.
Employment data collected from Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers.
Industry data collected from Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers.
|Median wages (2018)||$22.89 hourly, $47,610 annual|
|Employment (2018)||368,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2018-2028)||Much faster than average (11% or higher)|
|Projected job openings (2018-2028)||42,800|
|Top industries (2018)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2018 wage data and 2018-2028 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2018-2028). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- International Union of Operating Engineers
- North American Technician Excellence
- Occupational Outlook Handbook: Heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics and installers
- Refrigeration Service Engineers Society
- United Association of Journeymen and Apprentices of the Plumbing and Pipe Fitting Industry of the United States, Canada