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Details Report for:
11-9032.00 - Education Administrators, Elementary and Secondary School

Plan, direct, or coordinate the academic, administrative, or auxiliary activities of public or private elementary or secondary level schools.

Sample of reported job titles: Athletic Director, Elementary Principal, High School Principal, Middle School Principal, Principal, School Administrator, School Superintendent, Special Education Director, Superintendent, Vice Principal

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Tasks  |  Technology Skills  |  Tools Used  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
84   Core
Evaluate curricula, teaching methods, and programs to determine their effectiveness, efficiency, and use, and to ensure that school activities comply with federal, state, and local regulations.
83   Core
Observe teaching methods and examine learning materials to evaluate and standardize curricula and teaching techniques, and to determine areas where improvement is needed.
81   Core
Counsel and provide guidance to students regarding personal, academic, vocational, or behavioral issues.
80   Core
Collaborate with teachers to develop and maintain curriculum standards, develop mission statements, and set performance goals and objectives.
80   Core
Direct and coordinate activities of teachers, administrators, and support staff at schools, public agencies, and institutions.
79   Core
Recruit, hire, train, and evaluate primary and supplemental staff.
79   Core
Confer with parents and staff to discuss educational activities, policies, and student behavioral or learning problems.
79   Core
Enforce discipline and attendance rules.
78   Core
Create school improvement plans by using student performance data.
75   Core
Set educational standards and goals, and help establish policies and procedures to carry them out.
74   Core
Plan and lead professional development activities for teachers, administrators, and support staff.
73   Core
Participate in special education-related activities, such as attending meetings and providing support to special educators throughout the district.
70   Core
Plan and develop instructional methods and content for educational, vocational, or student activity programs.
69   Core
Determine the scope of educational program offerings, and prepare drafts of course schedules and descriptions to estimate staffing and facility requirements.
69   Core
Prepare and submit budget requests and recommendations, or grant proposals to solicit program funding.
68   Core
Recommend personnel actions related to programs and services.
68   Core
Review and approve new programs, or recommend modifications to existing programs, submitting program proposals for school board approval as necessary.
66   Core
Develop partnerships with businesses, communities, and other organizations to help meet identified educational needs and to provide school-to-work programs.
66   Core
Review and interpret government codes, and develop programs to ensure adherence to codes and facility safety, security, and maintenance.
65   Core
Determine allocations of funds for staff, supplies, materials, and equipment, and authorize purchases.
64   Core
Direct and coordinate school maintenance services and the use of school facilities.
63   Core
Organize and direct committees of specialists, volunteers, and staff to provide technical and advisory assistance for programs.
58   Core
Prepare, maintain, or oversee the preparation and maintenance of attendance, activity, planning, or personnel reports and records.
75   Supplemental
Mentor and support administrative staff members, such as superintendents and principals.
66   Supplemental
Establish, coordinate, and oversee particular programs across school districts, such as programs to evaluate student academic achievement.
64   Supplemental
Coordinate and direct extracurricular activities and programs, such as after-school events and athletic contests.
61   Supplemental
Advocate for new schools to be built, or for existing facilities to be repaired or remodeled.
61   Supplemental
Plan, coordinate, and oversee school logistics programs, such as bus and food services.
58   Supplemental
Teach classes or courses to students.
57   Supplemental
Meet with federal, state, and local agencies to keep updated on policies and to discuss improvements for education programs.
56   Supplemental
Write articles, manuals, and other publications, and assist in the distribution of promotional literature about facilities and programs.
56   Supplemental
Collect and analyze survey data, regulatory information, and data on demographic and employment trends to forecast enrollment patterns and curriculum change needs.

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Technology Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Analytical or scientific software — Minitab Hot technology ; SAS Hot technology ; StataCorp Stata Hot technology ; The MathWorks MATLAB Hot technology (see all 5 examples)
  • Calendar and scheduling software — Google Calendar; Scheduling software
  • Communications server software — IBM Domino Hot technology
  • Data base management system software — Apache Cassandra Hot technology
  • Data base user interface and query software — Blackboard Hot technology ; LogicalBit Eimas; Microsoft Access Hot technology ; School Attendance Keeper (see all 6 examples)
  • Desktop publishing software — Microsoft Publisher Hot technology
  • Electronic mail software — Gmail; Microsoft Outlook Hot technology
  • Enterprise resource planning ERP software Hot technology — Microsoft Dynamics GP Hot technology ; NetSuite ERP Hot technology ; Thinc Technologies Virtual School; Wilcomp Software RenWeb (see all 18 examples)
  • Human resources software — Human resource management software HRMS Hot technology
  • Internet browser software — Web browser software
  • Office suite software — Google Drive; Microsoft Office
  • Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint Hot technology
  • Project management software — Microsoft SharePoint Hot technology
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel Hot technology
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word Hot technology

Hot technology Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.

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Tools Used   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Alarm systems — Fire alarm systems; Security alarm systems
  • Desktop computers
  • Liquid crystal display projector — Digital projectors
  • Notebook computers — Laptop computers
  • Personal computers
  • Photocopiers — Photocopying equipment
  • Public address systems — Public address PA systems
  • Special purpose telephones — Multi-line telephone systems
  • Touch screen monitors — Interactive whiteboards
  • Two way radios

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
88 
Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
88 
English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
82 
Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
81 
Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
80 
Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
72 
Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
63 
Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
61 
Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
61 
Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
49 
Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
49 
Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
46 
Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
45 
Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
45 
Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
45 
Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
44 
Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
37 
Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
35 
History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
30 
Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
30 
Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
30 
Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
30 
Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
29 
Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
28 
Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
25 
Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
23 
Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
20 
Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
20 
Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
18 
Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
15 
Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
12 
Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
10 
Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
5 
Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
85 
Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
85 
Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
81 
Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
81 
Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
81 
Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
81 
Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
78 
Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
78 
Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
75 
Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
75 
Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
75 
Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
75 
Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
72 
Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
72 
Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
72 
Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
72 
Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
72 
Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
66 
Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
60 
Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
60 
Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
60 
Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
53 
Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
53 
Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
47 
Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
31 
Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
19 
Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
19 
Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
19 
Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
19 
Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
16 
Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
3 
Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
3 
Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
0 
Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
0 
Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
0 
Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
85 
Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
85 
Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
81 
Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
81 
Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
81 
Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
81 
Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
78 
Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
78 
Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
78 
Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
72 
Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
72 
Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
72 
Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
69 
Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
66 
Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
53 
Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
53 
Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
53 
Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
50 
Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
50 
Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
47 
Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
47 
Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
47 
Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
44 
Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
44 
Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
31 
Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
28 
Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
25 
Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
22 
Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
22 
Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
22 
Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
22 
Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
19 
Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
19 
Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
19 
Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
19 
Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
19 
Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
16 
Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
16 
Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
16 
Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
13 
Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
13 
Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
6 
Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
3 
Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
0 
Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
0 
Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
0 
Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
0 
Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
0 
Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
0 
Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
0 
Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
0 
Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
0 
Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
93 
Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
92 
Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
90 
Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
90 
Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
89 
Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
88 
Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
88 
Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
87 
Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
86 
Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
86 
Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
86 
Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
85 
Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
84 
Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
83 
Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
81 
Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
81 
Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
80 
Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
79 
Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
79 
Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
79 
Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
78 
Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
77 
Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
76 
Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
76 
Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
76 
Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
75 
Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
75 
Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
75 
Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
74 
Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
73 
Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
73 
Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
60 
Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
55 
Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
53 
Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
40 
Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
25 
Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
22 
Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
17 
Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
16 
Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
13 
Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
9 
Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.

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Detailed Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Determine operational compliance with regulations or standards.
  • Evaluate program effectiveness.
  • Support the professional development of others.
  • Advise others on career or personal development.
  • Develop educational goals, standards, policies, or procedures.
  • Supervise employees.
  • Conduct employee training programs.
  • Hire personnel.
  • Recruit personnel.
  • Analyze data to inform operational decisions or activities.
  • Evaluate student work.
  • Develop organizational policies or programs.
  • Prepare financial documents, reports, or budgets.
  • Prepare proposals or grant applications to obtain project funding.
  • Advise others on business or operational matters.
  • Prepare forms or applications.
  • Recommend organizational process or policy changes.
  • Develop operating strategies, plans, or procedures.
  • Develop safety standards, policies, or procedures.
  • Establish interpersonal business relationships to facilitate work activities.
  • Coordinate special events or programs.
  • Approve expenditures.
  • Prepare operational budgets.
  • Direct facility maintenance or repair activities.
  • Manage outreach activities.
  • Direct organizational operations, projects, or services.
  • Promote products, services, or programs.
  • Maintain personnel records.
  • Prepare operational progress or status reports.
  • Teach classes in area of specialization.
  • Coordinate operational activities with external stakeholders.
  • Maintain knowledge of current developments in area of expertise.
  • Analyze forecasting data to improve business decisions.
  • Conduct opinion surveys or needs assessments.
  • Develop promotional materials.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context

Percentage of Top Responses
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


97     Every day
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


86     Every day
14     Once a week or more but not every day
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


93     Every day
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


93     Every day
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


79     Constant contact with others
14     Contact with others most of the time
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


91     More than 40 hours
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


58     A lot of freedom
41     Some freedom
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


60     Very high responsibility
39     High responsibility
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


63     Extremely important
32     Very important
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


68     Every day
21     Once a week or more but not every day
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — What results do your decisions usually have on other people or the image or reputation or financial resources of your employer?


57     Very important results
43     Important results
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


81     Extremely important
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


72     Extremely important
20     Very important
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


48     A lot of freedom
45     Some freedom
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


41     Every day
41     Once a week or more but not every day
18     Once a month or more but not every week
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


50     Extremely important
24     Very important
15     Important
11     Fairly important
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


42     Very high responsibility
44     High responsibility
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


24     Every day
55     Once a week or more but not every day
19     Once a month or more but not every week
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


25     Every day
41     Once a week or more but not every day
34     Once a month or more but not every week
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


19     Every day
41     Once a week or more but not every day
32     Once a month or more but not every week
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


13     Every day
51     Once a week or more but not every day
26     Once a month or more but not every week
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


30     Extremely competitive
25     Highly competitive
18     Moderately competitive
13     Slightly competitive
15     Not at all competitive
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


46     Moderately close (at arm's length)
45     I work with others but not closely (e.g., private office)
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


20     Extremely important
23     Very important
11     Important
27     Fairly important
18     Not important at all
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


22     More than half the time
51     About half the time
27     Less than half the time
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


13     More than half the time
58     About half the time
29     Less than half the time
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


32     Every day
30     Once a year or more but not every month
31     Never
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


19     Every day
18     Once a week or more but not every day
17     Once a month or more but not every week
15     Once a year or more but not every month
31     Never
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


24     Very serious
19     Serious
34     Fairly serious
16     Not serious at all
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


41     About half the time
45     Less than half the time
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


15     Continually or almost continually
24     About half the time
45     Never
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


25     Once a month or more but not every week
28     Once a year or more but not every month
39     Never
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


24     Moderately automated
24     Slightly automated
45     Not at all automated
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


13     Every day
29     Once a year or more but not every month
51     Never
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


11     Every day
71     Never
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


25     Once a year or more but not every month
56     Never
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


26     About half the time
17     Less than half the time
57     Never
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


39     Once a year or more but not every month
54     Never
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


82     Never
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


16     Once a month or more but not every week
76     Never
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


19     Once a month or more but not every week
72     Never
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


19     Less than half the time
73     Never
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


32     Less than half the time
68     Never
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


23     Once a year or more but not every month
76     Never
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


13     Once a year or more but not every month
84     Never
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


85     Never
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


11     Irregular (changes with weather conditions, production demands, or contract duration)
89     Regular (established routine, set schedule)
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


91     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


94     Never
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


94     Never
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


98     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


99     Never
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


100     Never
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


100     Never
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


100     Never
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


100     Not important at all
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


100     Never

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
Related Experience Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
Job Training Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include librarians, lawyers, astronomers, biologists, clergy, surgeons, and veterinarians.
SVP Range (8.0 and above)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
44   Post-master's certificate Help
37   Master's degree
9   High school diploma or equivalent Help

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Credentials

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
95 
Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
89 
Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
56 
Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
28 
Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
17 
Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
6 
Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
97 
Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
94 
Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
94 
Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
89 
Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
89 
Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
86 
Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
85 
Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
84 
Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
83 
Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
83 
Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
82 
Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
80 
Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
79 
Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
79 
Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
78 
Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
74 
Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
89 
Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
89 
Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
83 
Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
78 
Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
78 
Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
56 
Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2017) $94,390 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2016) 251,000 employees
Projected growth (2016-2026) Average (5% to 9%) Average (5% to 9%)
Projected job openings (2016-2026) 21,200
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2016)
Educational Services (96% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2017 wage data external site and 2016-2026 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2016-2026). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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