Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers

Feed, water, and examine pets and other nonfarm animals for signs of illness, disease, or injury in laboratories and animal hospitals and clinics. Clean and disinfect cages and work areas, and sterilize laboratory and surgical equipment. May provide routine postoperative care, administer medication orally or topically, or prepare samples for laboratory examination under the supervision of veterinary or laboratory animal technologists or technicians, veterinarians, or scientists.

Sample of reported job titles: Animal Care Provider, Animal Caregiver, Avian Keeper, Certified Veterinary Assistant, Emergency Veterinary Assistant, Inpatient Technician Assistant, Kennel Vet Assistant (Kennel Veterinary Assistant), Research Animal Attendant, Small Animal Caretaker, Veterinarian Assistant (Vet Assistant)

Occupation-Specific Information

Tasks Save Table: XLSX CSV

ImportanceCategoryTask
94
 
Core
Hold or restrain animals during veterinary procedures.
93
 
Core
Monitor animals recovering from surgery and notify veterinarians of any unusual changes or symptoms.
91
 
Core
Fill medication prescriptions.
90
 
Core
Clean and maintain kennels, animal holding areas, examination or operating rooms, or animal loading or unloading facilities to control the spread of disease.
89
 
Core
Examine animals to detect behavioral changes or clinical symptoms that could indicate illness or injury.
88
 
Core
Perform routine laboratory tests or diagnostic tests, such as taking or developing x-rays.
87
 
Core
Assist veterinarians in examining animals to determine the nature of illnesses or injuries.
85
 
Core
Administer medication, immunizations, or blood plasma to animals as prescribed by veterinarians.
85
 
Core
Collect laboratory specimens, such as blood, urine, or feces, for testing.
84
 
Core
Perform office reception duties, such as scheduling appointments or helping customers.
84
 
Core
Clean, maintain, and sterilize instruments or equipment.
83
 
Core
Record information relating to animal genealogy, feeding schedules, appearance, behavior, or breeding.
82
 
Core
Provide emergency first aid to sick or injured animals.
81
 
Core
Prepare surgical equipment and pass instruments or materials to veterinarians during surgical procedures.
80
 
Core
Educate or advise clients on animal health care, nutrition, or behavior problems.
80
 
Core
Prepare examination or treatment rooms by stocking them with appropriate supplies.
80
 
Core
Prepare feed for animals according to specific instructions, such as diet lists or schedules.
79
 
Core
Provide assistance with euthanasia of animals or disposal of corpses.
78
 
Core
Write reports, maintain research information, or perform clerical duties.
75
 
Core
Perform hygiene-related duties, such as clipping animals' claws or cleaning and polishing teeth.
75
 
Core
Perform enemas, catheterizations, ear flushes, intravenous feedings, or gavages.
73
 
Core
Perform accounting duties, such as bookkeeping, billing customers for services, or maintaining inventories.
72
 
Core
Exercise animals or provide them with companionship.
68
 
Core
Place orders to restock inventory of hospital or laboratory supplies.
66
 
Core
Sell pet food or supplies to customers.
61
 
Core
Dust, spray, or bathe animals to control insect pests.
93
 
Supplemental
Administer anesthetics during surgery and monitor the effects on animals.
51
 
Supplemental
Groom, trim, or clip animals' coats.

back to top

Technology Skills Save Table: XLSX CSV

Hot technology Hot Technologies are requirements frequently included in employer job postings.

back to top

Tools Used Save Table: XLSX CSV

back to top

Occupational Requirements

Work Activities Save Table: XLSX CSV

ImportanceWork Activity
90
 
Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
87
 
Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling materials.
85
 
Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
81
 
Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
80
 
Monitoring Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
79
 
Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
78
 
Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
75
 
Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
74
 
Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
74
 
Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
74
 
Working with Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
69
 
Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
69
 
Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
68
 
Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Materials — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
66
 
Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
65
 
Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
65
 
Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
64
 
Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
62
 
Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
62
 
Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
61
 
Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
61
 
Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
60
 
Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
56
 
Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
54
 
Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
54
 
Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
53
 
Communicating with People Outside the Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
53
 
Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
52
 
Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
51
 
Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
48
 
Judging the Qualities of Objects, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
47
 
Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
44
 
Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
41
 
Providing Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
40
 
Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
39
 
Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
39
 
Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
37
 
Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
30
 
Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or watercraft.
21
 
Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
21
 
Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.

back to top

Detailed Work Activities Save Table: XLSX CSV

back to top

Work Context Save Table: XLSX CSV

  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?
    • 98%
      98%
       
      responded: Every day
  • Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?
    • 78%
      78%
       
      responded: Continually or almost continually
    • 22%
      22%
       
      responded: More than half the time
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?
    • 72%
      72%
       
      responded: Extremely important
    • 26%
      26%
       
      responded: Very important
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?
    • 80%
      80%
       
      responded: Every day
  • Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?
    • 67%
      67%
       
      responded: Constant contact with others
    • 23%
      23%
       
      responded: Contact with others most of the time
  • Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?
    • 71%
      71%
       
      responded: Every day
  • Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?
    • 67%
      67%
       
      responded: Every day
    • 16%
      16%
       
      responded: Once a week or more but not every day
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?
    • 62%
      62%
       
      responded: Every day
    • 18%
      18%
       
      responded: Once a week or more but not every day
    • 18%
      18%
       
      responded: Once a month or more but not every week
  • Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?
    • 54%
      54%
       
      responded: Very close (near touching)
    • 36%
      36%
       
      responded: Moderately close (at arm's length)
  • Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?
    • 63%
      63%
       
      responded: Extremely important
    • 33%
      33%
       
      responded: Important
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?
    • 63%
      63%
       
      responded: Every day
    • 14%
      14%
       
      responded: Once a week or more but not every day
    • 11%
      11%
       
      responded: Once a month or more but not every week
  • Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?
    • 59%
      59%
       
      responded: Every day
    • 20%
      20%
       
      responded: Once a week or more but not every day
  • Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?
    • 64%
      64%
       
      responded: Every day
    • 14%
      14%
       
      responded: Once a week or more but not every day
    • 12%
      12%
       
      responded: Never
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?
    • 68%
      68%
       
      responded: Every day
    • 15%
      15%
       
      responded: Never
  • Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?
    • 27%
      27%
       
      responded: Continually or almost continually
    • 55%
      55%
       
      responded: More than half the time
    • 18%
      18%
       
      responded: About half the time
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?
    • 32%
      32%
       
      responded: Extremely important
    • 39%
      39%
       
      responded: Very important
    • 26%
      26%
       
      responded: Important
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — What results do your decisions usually have on other people or the image or reputation or financial resources of your employer?
    • 46%
      46%
       
      responded: Very important results
    • 30%
      30%
       
      responded: Important results
    • 12%
      12%
       
      responded: Minor results
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?
    • 48%
      48%
       
      responded: Continually or almost continually
    • 30%
      30%
       
      responded: About half the time
  • Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?
    • 45%
      45%
       
      responded: Every day
    • 16%
      16%
       
      responded: Once a week or more but not every day
    • 15%
      15%
       
      responded: Once a month or more but not every week
    • 19%
      19%
       
      responded: Once a year or more but not every month
  • Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?
    • 40%
      40%
       
      responded: Extremely serious
    • 24%
      24%
       
      responded: Very serious
    • 17%
      17%
       
      responded: Serious
  • Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?
    • 34%
      34%
       
      responded: Every day
    • 40%
      40%
       
      responded: Once a week or more but not every day
    • 16%
      16%
       
      responded: Never
  • Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?
    • 15%
      15%
       
      responded: Extremely important
    • 47%
      47%
       
      responded: Very important
    • 36%
      36%
       
      responded: Important
  • Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?
    • 22%
      22%
       
      responded: Every day
    • 54%
      54%
       
      responded: Once a week or more but not every day
    • 13%
      13%
       
      responded: Never
  • Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?
    • 51%
      51%
       
      responded: Every day
    • 17%
      17%
       
      responded: Once a week or more but not every day
    • 27%
      27%
       
      responded: Never
  • Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?
    • 50%
      50%
       
      responded: Every day
    • 13%
      13%
       
      responded: Once a week or more but not every day
    • 27%
      27%
       
      responded: Never
  • Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?
    • 17%
      17%
       
      responded: Continually or almost continually
    • 37%
      37%
       
      responded: More than half the time
    • 33%
      33%
       
      responded: About half the time
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?
    • 18%
      18%
       
      responded: A lot of freedom
    • 49%
      49%
       
      responded: Some freedom
    • 14%
      14%
       
      responded: Very little freedom
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?
    • 45%
      45%
       
      responded: Very important
    • 51%
      51%
       
      responded: Important
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?
    • 46%
      46%
       
      responded: Some freedom
    • 30%
      30%
       
      responded: Limited freedom
    • 15%
      15%
       
      responded: Very little freedom
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?
    • 18%
      18%
       
      responded: Very high responsibility
    • 27%
      27%
       
      responded: High responsibility
    • 36%
      36%
       
      responded: Moderate responsibility
    • 12%
      12%
       
      responded: No responsibility
  • Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?
    • 11%
      11%
       
      responded: Continually or almost continually
    • 30%
      30%
       
      responded: More than half the time
    • 43%
      43%
       
      responded: About half the time
    • 13%
      13%
       
      responded: Less than half the time
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?
    • 21%
      21%
       
      responded: Continually or almost continually
    • 18%
      18%
       
      responded: More than half the time
    • 34%
      34%
       
      responded: About half the time
    • 24%
      24%
       
      responded: Less than half the time
  • Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?
    • 21%
      21%
       
      responded: Every day
    • 46%
      46%
       
      responded: Once a month or more but not every week
    • 23%
      23%
       
      responded: Once a year or more but not every month
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?
    • 21%
      21%
       
      responded: Every day
    • 12%
      12%
       
      responded: Once a week or more but not every day
    • 36%
      36%
       
      responded: Once a month or more but not every week
    • 25%
      25%
       
      responded: Once a year or more but not every month
  • Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?
    • 23%
      23%
       
      responded: Every day
    • 23%
      23%
       
      responded: Once a week or more but not every day
    • 20%
      20%
       
      responded: Once a year or more but not every month
    • 23%
      23%
       
      responded: Never
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?
    • 33%
      33%
       
      responded: High responsibility
    • 29%
      29%
       
      responded: Moderate responsibility
    • 21%
      21%
       
      responded: Limited responsibility
    • 11%
      11%
       
      responded: No responsibility
  • Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?
    • 47%
      47%
       
      responded: Every day
    • 42%
      42%
       
      responded: Never
  • Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?
    • 17%
      17%
       
      responded: Every day
    • 26%
      26%
       
      responded: Once a week or more but not every day
    • 47%
      47%
       
      responded: Never
  • Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?
    • 17%
      17%
       
      responded: Continually or almost continually
    • 28%
      28%
       
      responded: About half the time
    • 33%
      33%
       
      responded: Less than half the time
    • 20%
      20%
       
      responded: Never
  • Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?
    • 13%
      13%
       
      responded: Extremely competitive
    • 13%
      13%
       
      responded: Highly competitive
    • 20%
      20%
       
      responded: Moderately competitive
    • 23%
      23%
       
      responded: Slightly competitive
    • 31%
      31%
       
      responded: Not at all competitive
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.
    • 60%
      60%
       
      responded: 40 hours
    • 33%
      33%
       
      responded: Less than 40 hours
  • Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?
    • 11%
      11%
       
      responded: Every day
    • 18%
      18%
       
      responded: Once a month or more but not every week
    • 57%
      57%
       
      responded: Never
  • Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?
    • 13%
      13%
       
      responded: Every day
    • 19%
      19%
       
      responded: Once a week or more but not every day
    • 68%
      68%
       
      responded: Never
  • Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?
    • 14%
      14%
       
      responded: Once a month or more but not every week
    • 22%
      22%
       
      responded: Once a year or more but not every month
    • 49%
      49%
       
      responded: Never
  • Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?
    • 26%
      26%
       
      responded: Once a week or more but not every day
    • 63%
      63%
       
      responded: Never
  • Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?
    • 12%
      12%
       
      responded: Every day
    • 13%
      13%
       
      responded: Once a year or more but not every month
    • 65%
      65%
       
      responded: Never
  • Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?
    • 84%
      84%
       
      responded: Less than half the time
    • 15%
      15%
       
      responded: Never
  • Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?
    • 13%
      13%
       
      responded: Moderately automated
    • 40%
      40%
       
      responded: Slightly automated
    • 46%
      46%
       
      responded: Not at all automated
  • Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?
    • 16%
      16%
       
      responded: Once a year or more but not every month
    • 66%
      66%
       
      responded: Never
  • Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?
    • 23%
      23%
       
      responded: Once a year or more but not every month
    • 67%
      67%
       
      responded: Never
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?
    • 12%
      12%
       
      responded: Every day
    • 77%
      77%
       
      responded: Never
  • Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?
    • 19%
      19%
       
      responded: Irregular (changes with weather conditions, production demands, or contract duration)
    • 81%
      81%
       
      responded: Regular (established routine, set schedule)
  • In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?
    • 83%
      83%
       
      responded: Never
  • In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?
    • 84%
      84%
       
      responded: Never
  • Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?
    • 28%
      28%
       
      responded: Less than half the time
    • 71%
      71%
       
      responded: Never
  • Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)
    • 90%
      90%
       
      responded: Not important at all
  • Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?
    • 100%
      100%
       
      responded: Never

back to top

Experience Requirements

Job Zone Save Table: XLSX CSV

Title
Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed
Education
These occupations usually require a high school diploma.
Related Experience
Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.
Job Training
Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples
These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include orderlies, counter and rental clerks, customer service representatives, security guards, upholsterers, tellers, and dental laboratory technicians.
SVP Range
3 months to 1 year of preparation (4.0 to < 6.0)

back to top

Training & Credentials

State training
Local training
Certifications
State licenses
Apprenticeships
Have a career path or location in mind? Visit Apprenticeship.gov external site to find apprenticeship opportunities near you.

back to top

Worker Requirements

Skills Save Table: XLSX CSV

ImportanceSkill
63
 
Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
56
 
Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions, or approaches to problems.
53
 
Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
53
 
Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work-related documents.
53
 
Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
53
 
Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
50
 
Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
50
 
Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
50
 
Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
50
 
Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
47
 
Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
47
 
Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
47
 
Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
47
 
Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
44
 
Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
41
 
Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
31
 
Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
28
 
Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
28
 
Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
28
 
Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
28
 
Operations Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
28
 
Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
28
 
Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
28
 
Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
25
 
Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
25
 
Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
25
 
Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
25
 
Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
22
 
Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
19
 
Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
16
 
Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
16
 
Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
16
 
Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
6
 
Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
0
 
Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.

back to top

Knowledge Save Table: XLSX CSV

ImportanceKnowledge
83
 
Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
71
 
English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
64
 
Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
63
 
Administrative — Knowledge of administrative and office procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and workplace terminology.
63
 
Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
55
 
Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
47
 
Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
41
 
Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
40
 
Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
40
 
Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
37
 
Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
37
 
Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
35
 
Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
34
 
Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
34
 
Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
30
 
Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
30
 
Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
29
 
Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
27
 
Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
25
 
Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
24
 
Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking, and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
23
 
Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
20
 
Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
19
 
Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures, and their history and origins.
17
 
Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
15
 
Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
15
 
Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub-atomic structures and processes.
13
 
Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
12
 
Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
12
 
Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
9
 
Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
9
 
History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
7
 
Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.

back to top

Education

How much education does a new hire need to perform a job in this occupation? Respondents said:

  • 78%
     
    responded: High school diploma or equivalent requiredmore info
  • 11%
     
    responded: Post-secondary certificate required
  • 6%
     
    responded: Less than high school diploma required

back to top

Worker Characteristics

Abilities Save Table: XLSX CSV

ImportanceAbility
60
 
Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
60
 
Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
56
 
Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
56
 
Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing that there is a problem.
56
 
Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
53
 
Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
53
 
Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
53
 
Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
50
 
Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
50
 
Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
50
 
Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
50
 
Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
50
 
Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
50
 
Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
50
 
Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
50
 
Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
50
 
Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
50
 
Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without "giving out" or fatiguing.
50
 
Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
47
 
Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
47
 
Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
44
 
Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
44
 
Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
44
 
Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
41
 
Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
38
 
Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
38
 
Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
35
 
Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
31
 
Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
31
 
Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
31
 
Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
31
 
Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
31
 
Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
31
 
Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
28
 
Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
28
 
Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
25
 
Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
25
 
Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
25
 
Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
25
 
Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
25
 
Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
25
 
Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
25
 
Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
25
 
Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
19
 
Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
10
 
Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
10
 
Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
0
 
Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of a glare or bright lighting.
0
 
Night Vision — The ability to see under low-light conditions.
0
 
Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
0
 
Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
0
 
Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.

back to top

Interests Save Table: XLSX CSV

Occupational InterestInterest
95
 
Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
56
 
Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
50
 
Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
28
 
Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
17
 
Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
17
 
Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.

back to top

Work Values Save Table: XLSX CSV

ExtentWork Value
72
 
Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
67
 
Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
28
 
Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
22
 
Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
22
 
Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
22
 
Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

back to top

Work Styles Save Table: XLSX CSV

ImportanceWork Style
92
 
Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
88
 
Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
87
 
Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
86
 
Self-Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
84
 
Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
83
 
Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
82
 
Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high-stress situations.
80
 
Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
78
 
Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
76
 
Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
74
 
Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
74
 
Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
71
 
Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
60
 
Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
55
 
Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
43
 
Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.

back to top

Workforce Characteristics

Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2021)
$14.32 hourly, $29,780 annual
State wages
Local wages
Employment (2020)
107,200 employees
Projected growth (2020-2030)
Faster than average (10% to 15%)
Projected job openings (2020-2030)
19,800
State trends
Top industries (2020)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2021 wage data external site and 2020-2030 employment projections external site. “Projected growth” represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2020-2030). “Projected job openings” represent openings due to growth and replacement.

back to top

Job Openings on the Web

State job openings
Local job openings

back to top

More Information

Related Occupations Save Table: XLSX CSV

back to top

Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

back to top