Details Report for:
49-9021.01 - Heating and Air Conditioning Mechanics and Installers
Install, service, or repair heating and air conditioning systems in residences or commercial establishments.
Sample of reported job titles: A/C Tech (Air Conditioning Technician); HVAC Installer (Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning Installer); HVAC Mechanic (Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning Mechanic); HVAC Service Tech (Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning Service Technician); HVAC Specialist (Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning Specialist); HVAC Tech (Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning Technician); HVAC Technician (Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning Technician); Service Technician; Systems Mechanic
Tasks | Technology Skills | Tools Used | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Computer aided design CAD software — Autodesk AutoCAD ; HVAC tools software
- Customer relationship management CRM software — Contact management systems
- Data base user interface and query software — Data entry software ; Data logging software; Database software
- Document management software — Adobe Acrobat
- Electronic mail software — IBM Notes ; Microsoft Outlook
- Enterprise resource planning ERP software — SAP
- Facilities management software — Computerized maintenance management system CMMS; Cworks CMMS; IBM Maximo Asset Management; ManagerPlus
- Graphics or photo imaging software — Graphics software
- Industrial control software — Alerton Ascent Compass; Delta Controls inteliWEB; Honeywell WEBs-N4; Johnson Controls Metasys (see all 6 examples)
- Internet browser software
- Office suite software — Microsoft Office
- Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
- Word processing software — Atlas Construction Business Forms; Microsoft Word
Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.
- Adjustable wrenches
- Air velocity and temperature monitors — Air flow sensors; Air velocity meters
- Ammeters — Milliamp/microamp meters
- Anemometers — Hot wire anemometers
- Blocks or pulleys — Riggings
- Blow torch — Acetylene torches
- Calibrated resistance measuring equipment — 4-wire resistance sensors; Resistance meters
- Capacitance meters — Capacitor analyzers
- Carbon monoxide analyzer — Carbon monoxide detectors
- Caulking guns — Caulking equipment
- Chart recorders
- Circuit tester — Circuit analyzers
- Circuit tracers
- Claw hammer — Claw hammers
- Depth indicators — Water level meters
- Desktop computers
- Diagonal cut pliers — Diagonal cutting pliers
- Drill press or radial drill — Drill presses
- Electronic measuring probes — High-voltage probes
- End cut pliers — Side cutting pliers
- Explosimeters — Combustion analyzers
- Flow sensors — Venturi meters; Water flow meters
- Flowmeters — Pitot tubes; Turbine flow meters
- Gas detectors — Combustible gas leak detectors
- GFI circuit testers — Receptacle testers
- Hacksaw — Hand hacksaws; Power hacksaws
- Hammers — Soft face hammers; Tinners hammers
- Handheld thermometer — Handheld thermometers
- Heat tracing equipment — Infrared thermometers
- Hex keys — Hex wrenches
- Hygrometers — Humidity sensors; Hygrosticks
- Inspection mirror — Inspection mirrors
- Laser printers
- Leak testing equipment — Smoke pens
- Liquid leak detectors — Refrigerant leak detectors
- Longnose pliers — Long nose pliers
- Magnetic tools — Magnetic pickup tools
- Metal cutters — Duct slicers; Metal snips
- Moisture meters
- Multimeters — Autoranging meters; Clamp-on multimeters
- Nut drivers
- Ohmmeters — Milliohm meters
- Oil gun — Oil guns
- Oxygen gas analyzers — Oxygen testers
- Personal computers
- pH meters
- Pipe bending tools — Pipe benders
- Pipe or tube cutter — Pipe cutters
- Pipe reamer — Pipe reamers
- Pipe wrenches
- Platform lift — Staging equipment
- Portable data input terminals — Dataloggers
- Power drills — Portable drills
- Power flaring tool — Flaring tools
- Power grinders
- Power saws — Circular saws; Jig saws; Reciprocating saws
- Pressure indicators — Differential pressure detectors; Pneumatic air gauges; Refrigerant pressure meters; Water pressure gauges (see all 6 examples)
- Pressure sensors — Bourdon tubes
- Psychrometers — Wet bulb/dew point meters
- Razor knives — Box cutters; Insulation knives
- Refrigerant compressors — Reclaiming equipment; Refrigerant recovery machines
- Resistance thermometers — Resistance temperature detectors
- Safety glasses
- Screwdrivers — Flared tip screwdrivers; Phillips head screwdrivers; Slotted screwdrivers
- Shears — Duct knives
- Sheet metal pliers — Hand seamers
- Single gas monitors — Carbon dioxide CO2 testers
- Slip or groove joint pliers — Groove pliers
- Smoke detectors — Smoke detector canisters
- Soldering iron — Soldering equipment
- Speed sensors — Revolutions per minute RPM meters
- Strap wrenches
- Stripping tools — Wire strippers
- Surface thermometers — Non-contact surface temperature heads
- Swaging tools
- Temperature humidity testers — Temperature/humidity testers
- Thermocouples — Bead type thermocouples; Pipe clamp thermocouples
- Threading dies — Pipe threaders
- Tube bending machine — Tubing benders
- Two way radios
- Utility knives
- Vacuum cleaners — Duct vacuums
- Vacuum gauges
- Vacuum pumps — Refrigerant vacuum pumps
- Voltage or current meters — Alternating current AC line splitters; Electrical current meters; Heating ventilation and air-conditioning/refrigeration HVAC/R clamp meters; Voltmeters (see all 5 examples)
- Water analyzers — Water testers
- Water samplers — Contaminant content tests
- Wattmeters — Watt transducers
- Welder torch — Brazing equipment
- Welding masks — Welding hoods
- Wire cutters
- Wire lug crimping tool — Sheet metal crimpers
- Repair pipes to stop leaking.
- Test electrical circuits or components for proper functioning.
- Service heating, ventilation or air-conditioning (HVAC) systems or components.
- Repair worn, damaged, or defective mechanical parts.
- Replace worn, damaged, or defective mechanical parts.
- Confer with customers or users to assess problems.
- Install heating, ventilation, or air conditioning (HVAC) equipment.
- Adjust equipment to ensure optimal performance.
- Interpret blueprints, specifications, or diagrams to inform installation, development or operation activities.
- Connect electrical components or equipment.
- Document operational activities.
- Inspect systems to determine if they are operating properly.
- Install energy-efficient heating, ventilation, or air conditioning (HVAC) equipment.
- Advise others on issues related to repairs, installation, or equipment design.
- Drill holes in parts, equipment, or materials.
- Cut materials according to specifications or needs.
- Measure distances or dimensions.
- Assemble mechanical components or machine parts.
- Position equipment using hand tools, power tools, or heavy equipment.
- Fabricate parts or components.
- Install insulation in equipment or structures.
|Title||Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.|
|Related Experience||Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include hydroelectric production managers, travel guides, electricians, agricultural technicians, barbers, court reporters, and medical assistants.|
|SVP Range||(6.0 to < 7.0)|
Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
|47-2152.01||Pipe Fitters and Steamfitters|
|47-4021.00||Elevator Installers and Repairers|
|49-3023.01||Automotive Master Mechanics|
|49-3023.02||Automotive Specialty Technicians|
|49-3051.00||Motorboat Mechanics and Service Technicians|
|49-9012.00||Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door|
|49-9021.02||Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers Bright Outlook Green|
|49-9071.00||Maintenance and Repair Workers, General|
Wages & Employment Trends
Median wage data for Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers.
Employment data for Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers.
Industry data for Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers.
|Median wages (2019)||$23.43 hourly, $48,730 annual|
|Employment (2018)||367,900 employees|
|Projected growth (2018-2028)||Much faster than average (11% or higher)|
|Projected job openings (2018-2028)||42,800|
|Top industries (2018)||
Construction (67% employed in this sector)
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2019 wage data and 2018-2028 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2018-2028). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Air Conditioning Contractors of America
- International Union of Operating Engineers
- Mechanical Service Contractors of America
- North American Technician Excellence
- Occupational Outlook Handbook: Heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics and installers
- Refrigeration Service Engineers Society
- United Association of Journeymen and Apprentices of the Plumbing and Pipe Fitting Industry of the United States, Canada