Jewelers and Precious Stone and Metal Workers
51-9071.00

Design, fabricate, adjust, repair, or appraise jewelry, gold, silver, other precious metals, or gems.

Sample of reported job titles: Artist, Bench Jeweler, Caster, Earrings Fabricator, Gemologist, Goldsmith, Jeweler, Platinum Smith, Restoration Silversmith, Silversmith

Also see: Gem and Diamond Workers

Occupation-Specific Information

Tasks Save Table: XLSX CSV

ImportanceCategoryTask
93
 
Core
Position stones and metal pieces, and set, mount, and secure items in place, using setting and hand tools.
93
 
Core
Smooth soldered joints and rough spots, using hand files and emery paper, and polish smoothed areas with polishing wheels or buffing wire.
90
 
Core
Create jewelry from materials such as gold, silver, platinum, and precious or semiprecious stones.
88
 
Core
Make repairs, such as enlarging or reducing ring sizes, soldering pieces of jewelry together, and replacing broken clasps and mountings.
88
 
Core
Clean and polish metal items and jewelry pieces, using jewelers' tools, polishing wheels, and chemical baths.
87
 
Core
Cut and file pieces of jewelry such as rings, brooches, bracelets, and lockets.
86
 
Core
Select and acquire metals and gems for designs.
85
 
Core
Compute costs of labor and materials in order to determine production costs of products and articles.
83
 
Core
Examine assembled or finished products to ensure conformance to specifications, using magnifying glasses or precision measuring instruments.
79
 
Core
Pierce and cut open designs in ornamentation, using hand drills and scroll saws.
79
 
Core
Construct preliminary models of wax, metal, clay, or plaster, and form sample castings in molds.
74
 
Core
Pour molten metal alloys or other materials into molds in order to cast models of jewelry.
73
 
Core
Shape and straighten damaged or twisted articles by hand or using pliers.
72
 
Core
Soften metal to be used in designs by heating it with a gas torch and shape it, using hammers and dies.
71
 
Core
Determine appraised values of diamonds and other gemstones based on price guides, market fluctuations, and stone grades and rarity.
67
 
Core
Grade stones based on their color, perfection, and quality of cut.
66
 
Core
Plate articles such as jewelry pieces and watch dials, using silver, gold, nickel, or other metals.
66
 
Core
Write or modify design specifications such as the metal contents and weights of items.
65
 
Core
Create new jewelry designs and modify existing designs, using computers as necessary.
64
 
Core
Buy and sell jewelry, or serve as agents between buyers and sellers.
64
 
Core
Record the weights and processing times of finished pieces.
63
 
Core
Lay out designs on metal stock, and cut along markings to fabricate pieces used to cast metal molds.
58
 
Core
Mark, engrave, or emboss designs on metal pieces such as castings, wire, or jewelry, following specifications.
57
 
Core
Cut designs in molds or other materials to be used as models in the fabrication of metal and jewelry products.
55
 
Core
Design and fabricate molds, models, and machine accessories, and modify hand tools used to cast metal and jewelry pieces.
50
 
Core
Research and analyze reference materials, and consult with interested parties in order to develop new products or modify existing designs.
83
 
Supplemental
Anneal precious metal objects such as coffeepots, tea sets, and trays in gas ovens for prescribed times to soften metal for reworking.
75
 
Supplemental
Weigh, mix, and melt metal alloys or materials needed for jewelry models.
75
 
Supplemental
Rotate molds to distribute alloys and to prevent formation of air pockets.
73
 
Supplemental
Rout out locations where parts are to be joined to items, using routing machines.

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Technology Skills Save Table: XLSX CSV

Hot technology Hot Technologies are requirements frequently included in employer job postings.

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Tools Used Save Table: XLSX CSV

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Occupational Requirements

Work Activities Save Table: XLSX CSV

ImportanceWork Activity
84
 
Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
65
 
Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
65
 
Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
64
 
Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
62
 
Judging the Qualities of Objects, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
62
 
Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
61
 
Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
60
 
Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Materials — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
59
 
Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
59
 
Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
53
 
Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
53
 
Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
52
 
Monitoring Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
52
 
Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
51
 
Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
50
 
Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
49
 
Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
48
 
Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
46
 
Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
44
 
Communicating with People Outside the Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
44
 
Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
43
 
Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
41
 
Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
41
 
Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
38
 
Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
35
 
Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
35
 
Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
34
 
Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
32
 
Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
31
 
Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
30
 
Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
29
 
Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling materials.
27
 
Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
26
 
Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
26
 
Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
26
 
Providing Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
24
 
Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
23
 
Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
22
 
Working with Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
13
 
Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
12
 
Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or watercraft.

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Detailed Work Activities Save Table: XLSX CSV

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Work Context Save Table: XLSX CSV

ContextWork Context
88
 
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?
88
 
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?
88
 
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?
83
 
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?
81
 
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?
80
 
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?
77
 
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?
76
 
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?
75
 
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?
75
 
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?
72
 
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?
70
 
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?
68
 
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?
66
 
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?
63
 
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?
62
 
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?
62
 
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — What results do your decisions usually have on other people or the image or reputation or financial resources of your employer?
60
 
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?
58
 
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?
57
 
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?
57
 
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?
56
 
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?
54
 
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?
54
 
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?
51
 
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?
51
 
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?
50
 
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?
45
 
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?
44
 
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?
41
 
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?
39
 
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?
32
 
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?
31
 
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?
26
 
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)
25
 
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?
24
 
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?
22
 
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?
19
 
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?
18
 
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?
17
 
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?
15
 
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?
12
 
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?
7
 
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?
7
 
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?
6
 
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?
5
 
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?
4
 
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?
3
 
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?
3
 
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?
2
 
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?
1
 
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?
1
 
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?
1
 
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?
0
 
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?
0
 
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?

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Experience Requirements

Job Zone Save Table: XLSX CSV

Title
Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
Education
Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
Related Experience
Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
Job Training
Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples
These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include hydroelectric production managers, travel guides, electricians, agricultural technicians, barbers, court reporters, and medical assistants.
SVP Range
1-2 years of preparation (6.0 to < 7.0)

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Training & Credentials

State training
Local training
Certifications
Apprenticeships
Have a career path or location in mind? Visit Apprenticeship.gov external site to find apprenticeship opportunities near you.

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Worker Requirements

Skills Save Table: XLSX CSV

ImportanceSkill
53
 
Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions, or approaches to problems.
52
 
Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
49
 
Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
49
 
Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
49
 
Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
47
 
Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
47
 
Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
45
 
Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
45
 
Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
42
 
Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
42
 
Operations Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
42
 
Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work-related documents.
42
 
Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
41
 
Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
41
 
Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
41
 
Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
39
 
Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
36
 
Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
34
 
Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
33
 
Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
33
 
Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
33
 
Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
31
 
Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
31
 
Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
30
 
Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
30
 
Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
30
 
Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
28
 
Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
28
 
Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
24
 
Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
22
 
Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
16
 
Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
11
 
Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
3
 
Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
2
 
Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.

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Knowledge Save Table: XLSX CSV

ImportanceKnowledge
64
 
Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
63
 
Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
58
 
Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
54
 
Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
48
 
English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
48
 
Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
46
 
Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
41
 
Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
39
 
Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
37
 
Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
36
 
Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking, and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
33
 
Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
32
 
Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
31
 
Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
29
 
Administrative — Knowledge of administrative and office procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and workplace terminology.
29
 
Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
28
 
Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
28
 
Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub-atomic structures and processes.
24
 
Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
23
 
Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
23
 
Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
18
 
Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
14
 
Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
14
 
Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
12
 
History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
9
 
Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
8
 
Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
8
 
Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures, and their history and origins.
7
 
Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
5
 
Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
4
 
Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
3
 
Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
3
 
Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.

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Worker Characteristics

Abilities Save Table: XLSX CSV

ImportanceAbility
74
 
Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
74
 
Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
72
 
Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
61
 
Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
60
 
Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
56
 
Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing that there is a problem.
55
 
Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
55
 
Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
53
 
Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
53
 
Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
52
 
Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
52
 
Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
50
 
Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
50
 
Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
49
 
Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
49
 
Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
49
 
Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
49
 
Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
49
 
Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
49
 
Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
47
 
Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
42
 
Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
41
 
Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
38
 
Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
38
 
Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
36
 
Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
36
 
Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
36
 
Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
35
 
Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
35
 
Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
35
 
Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
31
 
Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
31
 
Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
30
 
Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
28
 
Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
27
 
Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
27
 
Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
22
 
Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
8
 
Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without "giving out" or fatiguing.
6
 
Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
5
 
Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
5
 
Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
3
 
Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
2
 
Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
0
 
Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
0
 
Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of a glare or bright lighting.
0
 
Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
0
 
Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
0
 
Night Vision — The ability to see under low-light conditions.
0
 
Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
0
 
Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
0
 
Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.

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Interests Save Table: XLSX CSV

Occupational InterestInterest
97
 
Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
61
 
Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
25
 
Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
25
 
Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
20
 
Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
0
 
Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

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Work Values Save Table: XLSX CSV

ExtentWork Value
47
 
Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
45
 
Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
36
 
Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
36
 
Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
33
 
Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
25
 
Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

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Work Styles Save Table: XLSX CSV

ImportanceWork Style
93
 
Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
87
 
Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
80
 
Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
78
 
Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
78
 
Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
72
 
Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
72
 
Self-Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
71
 
Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high-stress situations.
70
 
Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
69
 
Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
69
 
Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
69
 
Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
65
 
Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
58
 
Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
49
 
Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
44
 
Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

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Workforce Characteristics

Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2021)
$22.42 hourly, $46,640 annual
State wages
Local wages
Employment (2020)
32,400 employees
Projected growth (2020-2030)
Little or no change
Projected job openings (2020-2030)
3,800
State trends
Top industries (2020)
Retail Trade (25% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2021 wage data external site and 2020-2030 employment projections external site. “Projected growth” represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2020-2030). “Projected job openings” represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

State job openings
Local job openings

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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