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Summary Report for:
19-3091.00 - Anthropologists and Archeologists

Study the origin, development, and behavior of human beings. May study the way of life, language, or physical characteristics of people in various parts of the world. May engage in systematic recovery and examination of material evidence, such as tools or pottery remaining from past human cultures, in order to determine the history, customs, and living habits of earlier civilizations.

The occupation code you requested, 19-3091.01 (Anthropologists), is no longer in use. In the future, please use 19-3091.00 (Anthropologists and Archeologists) instead.

Sample of reported job titles: American Indian Policy Specialist, Applied Anthropologist, Applied Cultural Anthropologist, Archaeologist, Curator, Forensic Anthropologist, Research Anthropologist, Research Archaeologist

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Tasks  |  Technology Skills  |  Tools Used  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Study objects and structures recovered by excavation to identify, date, and authenticate them and to interpret their significance. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Collect information and make judgments through observation, interviews, and review of documents. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Research, survey, or assess sites of past societies and cultures in search of answers to specific research questions. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Write about and present research findings for a variety of specialized and general audiences. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Describe artifacts' physical properties or attributes, such as the materials from which artifacts are made and their size, shape, function, and decoration. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Plan and direct research to characterize and compare the economic, demographic, health care, social, political, linguistic, and religious institutions of distinct cultural groups, communities, and organizations. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Compare findings from one site with archeological data from other sites to find similarities or differences. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Record the exact locations and conditions of artifacts uncovered in diggings or surveys, using drawings and photographs as necessary. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Assess archeological sites for resource management, development, or conservation purposes and recommend methods for site protection. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Gather and analyze artifacts and skeletal remains to increase knowledge of ancient cultures. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Collect artifacts made of stone, bone, metal, and other materials, placing them in bags and marking them to show where they were found. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Identify culturally specific beliefs and practices affecting health status and access to services for distinct populations and communities, in collaboration with medical and public health officials. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Consult site reports, existing artifacts, and topographic maps to identify archeological sites. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Train others in the application of ethnographic research methods to solve problems in organizational effectiveness, communications, technology development, policy making, and program planning. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Advise government agencies, private organizations, and communities regarding proposed programs, plans, and policies and their potential impacts on cultural institutions, organizations, and communities. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Create data records for use in describing and analyzing social patterns and processes, using photography, videography, and audio recordings. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop intervention procedures, using techniques such as individual and focus group interviews, consultations, and participant observation of social interaction. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop and test theories concerning the origin and development of past cultures. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Lead field training sites and train field staff, students, and volunteers in excavation methods. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Collaborate with economic development planners to decide on the implementation of proposed development policies, plans, and programs based on culturally institutionalized barriers and facilitating circumstances. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Clean, restore, and preserve artifacts. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Conduct participatory action research in communities and organizations to assess how work is done and to design work systems, technologies, and environments. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Organize public exhibits and displays to promote public awareness of diverse and distinctive cultural traditions. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Formulate general rules that describe and predict the development and behavior of cultures and social institutions. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Study archival collections of primary historical sources to help explain the origins and development of cultural patterns. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Apply traditional ecological knowledge and assessments of culturally distinctive land and resource management institutions to assist in the resolution of conflicts over habitat protection and resource enhancement. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Enhance the cultural sensitivity of elementary and secondary curricula and classroom interactions in collaboration with educators and teachers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Participate in forensic activities, such as tooth and bone structure identification, in conjunction with police departments and pathologists. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Teach or mentor undergraduate and graduate students in athropology or archeology. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Write grant proposals to obtain funding for research. See more occupations related to this task.

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Technology Skills

  • Analytical or scientific software — SAS Hot technology ; Systat; The MathWorks MATLAB Hot technology ; The University of Tennessee FORDISC (see all 14 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Computer aided design CAD software Hot technology — Autodesk AutoCAD Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base user interface and query software — Automated National Catalog System ANCS; Genealogy software; Microsoft Access Hot technology ; Structured query language SQL Hot technology (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Desktop publishing software — Adobe Systems Adobe InDesign Hot technology ; Adobe Systems Adobe PageMaker See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Development environment software — Software development tools See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Document management software — Adobe Systems Adobe Acrobat Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Electronic mail software — Microsoft Outlook Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Graphics or photo imaging software — Adobe Systems Adobe Illustrator Hot technology ; Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop Hot technology ; GE Healthcare ImageQuant TL; Image enhancement software (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Internet browser software — Microsoft Internet Explorer; Web browser software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Map creation software — ESRI ArcGIS software Hot technology ; Geographic information system GIS software Hot technology ; Golden Software Surfer; Trimble Pathfinder Office (see all 7 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Object or component oriented development software — C++ Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Operating system software — Microsoft Windows Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Project management software — Microsoft SharePoint Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Video creation and editing software — Apple Final Cut Express; Apple iMovie; Microsoft Windows Movie Maker; Sony Creative Software Vegas Movie Studio See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Voice recognition software — Voice activated software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Web page creation and editing software — Adobe Systems Adobe Dreamweaver; Facebook Hot technology ; Microsoft FrontPage See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.

Hot technology Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.

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Tools Used

  • All terrain vehicles tracked or wheeled — Four wheel drive 4WD vehicles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Augers — Bucket augers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Bench scales See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Benchtop centrifuges — Countertop centrifuges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Binocular light compound microscopes — Laboratory binocular microscopes; Oil immersion microscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Binoculars See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Calipers — Digital calipers; Sliding calipers; Spreading calipers; Vernier calipers (see all 6 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Chemiluminescence or bioluminescence analyzers — Luminescence readers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cold chisels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Compressed air gun — Pneumatic airscribes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Conductivity meters — Conductance meters; Conductivity probes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dental burs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dental probes — Dental picks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Deoxyribonucleic sequence analyzers — Deoxyribonucleic acid DNA analyzers; Deoxyribonucleic acid DNA sequencers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Desktop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Developing tanks — Film processors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dictation machines — Transcription equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Digital camcorders or video cameras — Digital video cameras See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Digital cameras See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Digital voice recorders — Digital audio recorders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Diving instruments or accessories — Scuba diving equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dropping pipettes — Laboratory dropping pipettes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Drying cabinets or ovens — Drying ovens See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Electron microscopes — Electron microprobes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Electronic toploading balances — Electronic topload scales See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Floor or platform scales — Platform scales See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Forestry increment borers — Tree ring sampling kits See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Freeze dryers or lyopholizers — Vacuum freeze-drying chambers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Fume hoods or cupboards — Fume hoods; Laboratory fume hoods See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gel boxes — Gel electrophoresis boxes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • General purpose refrigerators or refrigerator freezers — Laboratory refrigerators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Geological compasses — Directional compasses See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Global positioning system GPS receiver — Global positioning system GPS receivers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Goggles — Safety goggles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hammers — Crack hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Heating or drying equipment or accessories — Drying racks; Laboratory vacuum dryers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • High pressure liquid chromatograph chromatography — High pressure liquid chromatograph HPLC equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Inductively coupled plasma ICP spectrometers — Inductively coupled plasma emission spectroscopes ICP-ES See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ion selective electrode ISE meters — Selective ion meters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Isolation glove boxes — Laboratory glove boxes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory balances — Laboratory precision balances See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory beakers — Glass beakers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory burets — Glass burets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory mixers — Thermomixers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory scalpels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory separators — Water screening devices See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory sifting equipment — Graded sieves; Mesh sifting screens; Shaker screens See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Land drilling rigs — Hydraulic drilling rigs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Levels — Digital levels; Laser line levels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Loupes — Pocket loupes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Magnetic stirrers — Magnetic stirring bars See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Magnetometer geophysical instruments — Geophysical magnetometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Masks or accessories — Dust masks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Mass spectrometers — Inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopes ICP-MS See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Measuring tables — Alidades See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Metal detectors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Metallurgical microscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Microcentrifuges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Microphones — External lavalier microphones See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Microplate readers — Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay ELISA plate readers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Notebook computers — Laptop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • PCR enclosures — Polymerase chain reaction PCR hoods See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal digital assistant PDAs or organizers — Personal digital assistants PDA See more occupations related to this tool.
  • pH meters — pH indicators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Picks — Rock picks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Plotter printers — Plotters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Plumb bobs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pneumatic hammer — Pneumatic chisels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pneumatic sanding machines — Sandblasters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Polarizing microscopes — Petrographic microscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power saws — Precision saws; Thin section saws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Protective gloves See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pullers — Slide hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Radarbased surveillance systems — Ground penetrating radar GPR; Remote sensing equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Resistivity geophysical instruments — Electrical resistivity instruments See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Robotic or automated liquid handling systems — Liquid handling robots See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Rulers — Precision rulers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scanners — Digitizers; Flatbed scanners; Laser scanners; Slide scanners See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scanning electron microscopes — Scanning electron microscopes SEM See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Shovels — Flat-ended shovels; Round point shovels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Soil core sampling apparatus — Soil probes; Soil samplers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sonars — Side scan sonars See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spectrofluorimeters or fluorimeters — Fluorometers; X ray fluorescence XRF spectrometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spectrometers — Portable gamma spectrometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spectrophotometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Steam autoclaves or sterilizers — Steam autoclaves See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Stereo or dissecting light microscopes — Stereo zoom microscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Still cameras — 35 millimeter cameras See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Stirring hotplates — Hot stir plates See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tablet computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tape measures — Lufkin tape measures See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Temperature cycling chambers or thermal cyclers — Polymerase chain reaction PCR thermocyclers; Thermal cyclers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Theodolites — Total stations See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Thermostats — Immersion thermostats See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Transilluminators — Ultraviolet UV transilluminators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Triple beam balances See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Trowels — Marshalltown trowels; Plains trowels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ultra pure water systems — Laboratory water purification systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ultracentrifuges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ultrasonic cleaning equipment — Ultrasonic cleaning machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ultraviolet crosslinkers — Ultraviolet UV crosslinkers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Underwater cameras — Underwater digital cameras; Underwater still cameras See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Vacuum ovens — Laboratory vacuum ovens See more occupations related to this tool.
  • X ray diffraction equipment — X ray diffractometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • X ray radiography examination equipment — High resolution industrial computed tomography CT scanners; Industrial micro computed tomography CT scanners; Portable x ray machines; X ray cabinets See more occupations related to this tool.

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Knowledge

  • Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Instructing — Teaching others how to do something. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Conduct anthropological or archaeological research. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Collect information from people through observation, interviews, or surveys. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prepare scientific or technical reports or presentations. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluate characteristics of archival or historical objects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Direct scientific activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Plan social sciences research. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Advise others about environmental management or conservation. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspect condition of natural environments. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Record research or operational data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Collect biological specimens. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Mark materials or objects for identification. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Package materials or products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Conduct research on social issues. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Collect archival data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Train personnel in technical or scientific procedures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Advise others on matters of public policy. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Design psychological or educational treatment procedures or programs. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Document events or evidence, using photographic or audiovisual equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Collaborate with technical specialists to resolve design or development problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicate with government agencies. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Clean objects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Conduct scientific research of organizational behavior or processes. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Plan community programs or activities for the general public. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop theories or models of social phenomena. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Conduct historical research. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Apply knowledge or research findings to address environmental problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Advise others on educational matters. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyze forensic evidence to solve crimes. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Instruct college students in social sciences or humanities disciplines. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Write grant proposals. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — What results do your decisions usually have on other people or the image or reputation or financial resources of your employer? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers? See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
Related Experience Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
Job Training Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include pharmacists, lawyers, astronomers, biologists, clergy, neurologists, and veterinarians.
SVP Range (8.0 and above)

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Credentials

Find Training Find Certifications Apprenticeship.gov

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Interests

Interest code: IAR   Want to discover your interests? Take the O*NET Interest Profiler at My Next Move.

  • Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2019) $30.61 hourly, $63,670 annual
State wages
Local wages
 
Employment (2019) 8,000 employees
Projected growth (2019-2029) Faster than average (5% to 7%) Faster than average (5% to 7%)
Projected job openings (2019-2029) 800
State trends
 
Top industries (2019)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2019 wage data external site and 2019-2029 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2019-2029). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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