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Details Report for:
51-3011.00 - Bakers

Mix and bake ingredients to produce breads, rolls, cookies, cakes, pies, pastries, or other baked goods.

Sample of reported job titles: Baker, Bakery Clerk, Bakery Manager, Cake Decorator, Dough Mixer, Machine Operator, Mixer, Pastry Chef, Processor, Scaler

View report: Summary  Details  Custom

Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
93   Core
Check products for quality and identify damaged or expired goods.
92   Core
Set oven temperatures and place items into hot ovens for baking.
90   Core
Combine measured ingredients in bowls of mixing, blending, or cooking machinery.
89   Core
Place dough in pans, molds, or on sheets and bake in production ovens or on grills.
89   Core
Set time and speed controls for mixing machines, blending machines, or steam kettles so that ingredients will be mixed or cooked according to instructions.
87   Core
Measure or weigh flour or other ingredients to prepare batters, doughs, fillings, or icings, using scales or graduated containers.
87   Core
Observe color of products being baked and adjust oven temperatures, humidity, or conveyor speeds accordingly.
87   Core
Check the quality of raw materials to ensure that standards and specifications are met.
85   Core
Check equipment to ensure that it meets health and safety regulations and perform maintenance or cleaning, as necessary.
84   Core
Adapt the quantity of ingredients to match the amount of items to be baked.
80   Core
Apply glazes, icings, or other toppings to baked goods, using spatulas or brushes.
80   Core
Decorate baked goods, such as cakes or pastries.
79   Core
Roll, knead, cut, or shape dough to form sweet rolls, pie crusts, tarts, cookies, or other products.
77   Core
Direct or coordinate bakery deliveries.
77   Core
Order or receive supplies or equipment.
74   Core
Prepare or maintain inventory or production records.
80   Supplemental
Operate slicing or wrapping machines.
60   Supplemental
Develop new recipes for baked goods.

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Air brushes — Cake decorating air brushes
  • Air compressors — Portable air compressors
  • Air conveyors — Pneumatic conveyors
  • Bar code reader equipment — Barcode scanners
  • Belt conveyors — Industrial kitchen belt conveyors
  • Blast freezers — Blast chillers
  • Blow torch — Propane torches
  • Cake decorating equipment or moulds — Cake decorating combs; Cake decorating palette knives; Rose nails; Textured mats (see all 13 examples)
  • Cappuccino or espresso machines — Cappuccino makers; Espresso makers
  • Cash registers — Electronic cash registers
  • Cleaning brushes — Bench brushes
  • Coating machines — Icing machines; Pan greasers
  • Commercial use bain maries — Bain maries
  • Commercial use blenders — Industrial kitchen food blenders
  • Commercial use broilers — Industrial kitchen broilers
  • Commercial use cake or pie pans — Commercial cake pans; Commercial pie pans; Pan liners
  • Commercial use coffee grinders — Commercial coffee grinders
  • Commercial use coffee or iced tea makers — Commercial coffeemakers
  • Commercial use convection ovens — Commercial kitchen convection ovens
  • Commercial use cutlery — Chefs' knives; Paring knives; Pastry wheels; Serrated knives (see all 11 examples)
  • Commercial use deep fryers — Doughnut fryers; Open fat kettles
  • Commercial use dishwashers — Dishwashing machines
  • Commercial use dough machines — Dough laminators
  • Commercial use food choppers or cubers or dicers — Food dicers
  • Commercial use food grinders — Bread crumbers; Nut grinders
  • Commercial use food processors — Commercial kitchen food processors
  • Commercial use food slicers — Bread slicers; Cake dividers; Cake levelers
  • Commercial use food warmers — Chocolate warmers; Dough proofers; Food warmers; Hot cases
  • Commercial use graters — Food graters; Fruit zesters
  • Commercial use griddles — Industrial kitchen griddles
  • Commercial use grills — Commercial food grilling equipment
  • Commercial use heat lamps — Infrared food heating lamps; Sugar lamps
  • Commercial use high pressure steamers — Pressurized steam cookers
  • Commercial use icing sets or bags — Cake decorating tips; Cake decorating tubes; Pastry bags; Squeeze bottles
  • Commercial use juicers — Juice extractors
  • Commercial use ladles — Commercial baking ladles
  • Commercial use measuring cups — Dry ingredient measuring cups; Liquid ingredient measuring cups; Measuring spoons
  • Commercial use microwave ovens — Commercial kitchen microwave ovens
  • Commercial use molds — Bakers' couches; Baking frames; Tart rings; Tart tampers (see all 11 examples)
  • Commercial use ovens — Deck ovens; Direct gas fired ovens; Steam injected ovens; Tunnel ovens (see all 7 examples)
  • Commercial use peelers — Produce peelers
  • Commercial use pizza ovens — Pretzel ovens
  • Commercial use ranges — Cooking burners; Hot plates
  • Commercial use rice cookers — Rice cookers
  • Commercial use rolling pins — Dough dockers; Rolling pins
  • Commercial use scales — Balance scales; Digital scales; Portion scales; Weigh hoppers
  • Commercial use scoops — Cookie scoops; Flour scoops
  • Commercial use smokers or smoke ovens — Industrial kitchen food smokers
  • Commercial use steamers — Bagel kettles; Steam kettles
  • Commercial use strainers — China caps; Chinois; Kitchen strainers; Skimmers (see all 5 examples)
  • Commercial use toasters — Electric salamanders; Industrial toasters
  • Commercial use waffle irons — Waffle irons
  • Commercial use whisks — Commercial food whisks
  • Cookie cutters — Bakery cookie cutters
  • Cooking machinery — Depanning machines; Egg breaking machines
  • Cooling machine — Cooling tunnels; Pan cooling towers
  • Crushing machinery — Sugar/spice pulverizers
  • Dehydrating machinery — Food drying equipment
  • Desktop computers
  • Domestic apple corer — Fruit corers
  • Domestic baking pans — Bread pans; Pullman loaf pans; Ramekins
  • Domestic baking sheets — Baking sheets
  • Domestic biscuit cutters — Biscuit dough cutters; Doughnut cutters
  • Domestic bread slicing guide — Pastry slicing jigs
  • Domestic cooling racks — Food cooling racks
  • Domestic double boilers — Double boilers
  • Domestic dough press — Manual dough presses
  • Domestic food scrapers — Dough scrapers
  • Domestic kitchen funnels — Pastry filling funnels
  • Domestic kitchen or food thermometers — Candy thermometers; Digital food thermometers; Dough thermometers; Refrigerator thermometers
  • Domestic kitchen spatulas — Bowl scrapers; Icing spreaders; Perforated grill spatulas; Straight spatulas (see all 5 examples)
  • Domestic kitchen timers — Digital kitchen timers
  • Domestic kitchen tongs — Kitchen tongs
  • Domestic kitchen wire whips — Wire whips
  • Domestic knife sharpeners — Honing steels; Sharpening stones
  • Domestic mandolin — Mandolines
  • Domestic muffin pans — Bakery muffin pans
  • Domestic pastry brush — Pastry brushes
  • Domestic pizza cutters — Pizza cutters
  • Domestic sifter — Ingredient sifters
  • Domestic strainers or colanders — Colanders
  • Domestic tortilla bakers — Tortilla grills
  • Domestic vegetable brush — Vegetable cleaning brushes
  • Domestic whipped cream maker — Cream whippers; Whipped cream machines
  • Domestic wooden oven paddle — Oven peels
  • Double arm kneading mixers — Continuous kneading machines; Horizontal dough mixers; Planetary mixers
  • Filling machinery — Cake depositors; Pastry filling machines
  • Fire blankets — Fire suppression blankets
  • Fire extinguishers — Kitchen fire extinguishers
  • Forklifts — Lift trucks
  • Forming machine — Automatic dough presses; Bagel dividers; Rotary molders; Tartlet machines (see all 20 examples)
  • Hand sprayers — Spray bottles; Sprayers
  • Hand trucks or accessories — Hand trucks
  • Helical blade mixer — Spiral mixers; Tilt mixers
  • Hoists — Dough trough hoists
  • Ice cream machines
  • Ice dispensers — Ice machines
  • Ice shaver machines or accessories — Ice shaver
  • Ink cartridges — Edible-ink cartridges
  • Laser printers — Computer laser printers
  • Lifts — Oven loaders
  • Notebook computers — Laptop computers
  • Pallet trucks — Pallet jacks
  • Preduster — Doughnut tumblers; Flour dusters
  • Processing tanks — Fermentation tanks
  • Razor knives — Box cutters
  • Remote reading thermometers — Probe thermometers
  • Rulers — Measuring sticks
  • Single screw mixers — Fork mixers
  • Slicing machinery — Guillotine cutters; Reciprocating blade slicers
  • Spice or salt or pepper shakers — Sugar shakers
  • Tablet computers
  • Walk in freezers — Industrial freezing equipment
  • Walk in refrigerators — Industrial refrigeration equipment
  • Wrapping machinery — Wrapping machines

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Analytical or scientific software — Axxya Systems Nutritionist Pro; EGS CALCMENU; SweetWARE nutraCoster Professional
  • Data base user interface and query software — At Your Service Software CostGuard; Barrington Software CookenPro; Culinary Software Services ChefTec
  • Desktop publishing software — SoftCafe MenuPro
  • Electronic mail software — Email software
  • Enterprise resource planning ERP software Hot technology — Afcom Datasafe Computer Services FlexiBake; Sage 100 ERP; SweetWARE SmallPICS; TwinPeaks Software Visual Z-Bake (see all 7 examples)
  • Internet browser software — Web browser software
  • Inventory management software — SweetWARE stockCoster
  • Materials requirements planning logistics and supply chain software — Enggist & Grandjean EGS F&B Control
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office
  • Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint Hot technology
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel Hot technology
  • Time accounting software — ADP Enterprise eTIME
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word

Hot technology Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
71 
Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
69 
Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
60 
Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
56 
English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
52 
Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
50 
Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
48 
Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
41 
Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
38 
Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
38 
Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
38 
Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
32 
Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
31 
Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
30 
Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
28 
Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
27 
Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
27 
Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
26 
Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
25 
Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
24 
Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
20 
Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
19 
Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
18 
History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
18 
Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
17 
Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
17 
Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
17 
Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
15 
Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
14 
Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
14 
Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
8 
Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
7 
Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
6 
Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
56 
Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
50 
Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
50 
Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
50 
Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
50 
Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
50 
Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
50 
Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
50 
Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
47 
Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
47 
Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
47 
Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
44 
Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
38 
Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
31 
Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
31 
Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
31 
Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
31 
Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
31 
Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
28 
Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
28 
Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
25 
Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
25 
Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
25 
Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
25 
Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
25 
Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
25 
Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
25 
Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
19 
Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
19 
Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
19 
Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
13 
Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
13 
Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
3 
Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
0 
Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
0 
Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
69 
Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
56 
Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
53 
Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
53 
Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
53 
Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
53 
Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
50 
Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
50 
Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
50 
Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
50 
Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
50 
Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
50 
Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
50 
Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
50 
Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
50 
Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
50 
Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
50 
Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
47 
Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
47 
Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
47 
Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
44 
Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
44 
Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
44 
Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
44 
Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
44 
Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
41 
Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
38 
Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
38 
Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
35 
Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
31 
Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
31 
Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
28 
Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
28 
Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
28 
Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
28 
Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
28 
Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
25 
Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
25 
Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
25 
Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
25 
Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
25 
Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
25 
Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
22 
Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
22 
Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
19 
Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
13 
Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
3 
Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
0 
Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
0 
Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
0 
Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
0 
Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
0 
Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
76 
Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
72 
Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
71 
Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
65 
Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
60 
Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
58 
Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
56 
Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
55 
Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
55 
Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
49 
Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
46 
Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
46 
Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
46 
Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
46 
Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
45 
Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
45 
Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
43 
Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
43 
Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
42 
Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
40 
Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
40 
Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
40 
Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
39 
Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
39 
Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
37 
Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
37 
Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
36 
Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
34 
Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
33 
Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
33 
Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
28 
Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
25 
Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
25 
Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
24 
Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
20 
Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
19 
Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
19 
Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
14 
Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
13 
Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
11 
Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
10 
Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.

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Detailed Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Evaluate quality of food ingredients or prepared foods.
  • Adjust temperature controls of ovens or other heating equipment.
  • Load materials into production equipment.
  • Operate cooking, baking, or other food preparation equipment.
  • Inspect food products.
  • Measure ingredients or substances to be used in production processes.
  • Clean production equipment.
  • Maintain production or processing equipment.
  • Monitor equipment operation to ensure proper functioning.
  • Determine food production methods.
  • Apply protective or decorative finishes to workpieces or products.
  • Operate cutting equipment.
  • Shape clay or dough to create products.
  • Direct operational or production activities.
  • Order materials, supplies, or equipment.
  • Record operational or production data.

Find occupations related to multiple detailed work activities

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context

Percentage of Top Responses
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


74     Constant contact with others
11     Contact with others about half the time
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


60     Continually or almost continually
24     More than half the time
11     About half the time
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


62     Every day
26     Once a week or more but not every day
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


66     Every day
11     Once a week or more but not every day
12     Once a month or more but not every week
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


67     A lot of freedom
13     Limited freedom
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


46     A lot of freedom
37     Some freedom
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


42     Extremely important
44     Very important
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


78     Every day
20     Never
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


62     Continually or almost continually
11     More than half the time
19     Less than half the time
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


69     Every day
21     Never
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


48     Extremely important
21     Very important
16     Important
12     Not important at all
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


64     Every day
19     Never
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


46     Every day
30     Once a week or more but not every day
21     Never
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — What results do your decisions usually have on other people or the image or reputation or financial resources of your employer?


36     Very important results
35     Important results
16     Minor results
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


64     Every day
12     Once a year or more but not every month
23     Never
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


42     Very high responsibility
13     High responsibility
33     Moderate responsibility
11     No responsibility
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


44     Continually or almost continually
19     More than half the time
23     Less than half the time
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


48     Every day
18     Once a week or more but not every day
25     Never
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


22     Extremely important
37     Very important
28     Important
13     Not important at all
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


38     Extremely important
12     Very important
20     Important
11     Fairly important
18     Not important at all
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


40     Continually or almost continually
39     Less than half the time
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


28     More than 40 hours
59     40 hours
12     Less than 40 hours
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


39     Extremely important
13     Very important
28     Not important at all
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


14     Very close (near touching)
32     Moderately close (at arm's length)
24     Slightly close (e.g., shared office)
17     I work with others but not closely (e.g., private office)
12     I don't work near other people (beyond 100 ft.)
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


14     Very high responsibility
35     High responsibility
20     Moderate responsibility
23     No responsibility
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


12     Extremely important
34     Very important
26     Important
23     Not important at all
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


28     Every day
14     Once a week or more but not every day
16     Once a month or more but not every week
41     Never
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


20     Continually or almost continually
26     About half the time
23     Less than half the time
21     Never
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


18     Extremely serious
12     Very serious
24     Serious
23     Fairly serious
23     Not serious at all
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


13     Extremely competitive
13     Highly competitive
31     Moderately competitive
26     Slightly competitive
17     Not at all competitive
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


34     Every day
26     Once a year or more but not every month
36     Never
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


12     Completely automated
16     Highly automated
17     Moderately automated
20     Slightly automated
35     Not at all automated
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


37     Every day
62     Never
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


11     Every day
31     Once a month or more but not every week
12     Once a year or more but not every month
38     Never
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


15     Once a week or more but not every day
13     Once a month or more but not every week
28     Once a year or more but not every month
38     Never
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


15     Once a week or more but not every day
19     Once a month or more but not every week
55     Never
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


47     Less than half the time
37     Never
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


19     Every day
69     Never
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


17     Every day
75     Never
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


27     Once a year or more but not every month
56     Never
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


13     Every day
77     Never
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


13     Every day
76     Never
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


12     About half the time
32     Less than half the time
56     Never
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


13     Once a week or more but not every day
82     Never
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


14     Less than half the time
76     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


80     Never
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


12     Once a month or more but not every week
80     Never
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


31     Less than half the time
69     Never
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


88     Never
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


14     Irregular (changes with weather conditions, production demands, or contract duration)
86     Regular (established routine, set schedule)
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


85     Never
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


90     Never
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


93     Never
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


92     Never
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


100     Never
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


99     Never
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


100     Never

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed
Education These occupations usually require a high school diploma.
Related Experience Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include orderlies, forest firefighters, customer service representatives, security guards, upholsterers, and tellers.
SVP Range (4.0 to < 6.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
58   High school diploma or equivalent Help
25   Less than high school diploma
9   Some college, no degree

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Credentials

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
95 
Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
50 
Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
33 
Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
22 
Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
6 
Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
0 
Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
85 
Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
79 
Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
79 
Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
79 
Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
73 
Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
73 
Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
71 
Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
69 
Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
68 
Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
65 
Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
64 
Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
62 
Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
61 
Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
59 
Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
55 
Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
53 
Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
67 
Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
45 
Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
39 
Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
33 
Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
33 
Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
25 
Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

35-1012.00 First-Line Supervisors of Food Preparation and Serving Workers Bright Outlook
35-2011.00 Cooks, Fast Food Bright Outlook
35-2012.00 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria Bright Outlook
35-2014.00 Cooks, Restaurant   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook  
35-3011.00 Bartenders Bright Outlook
35-3021.00 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food Bright Outlook
51-3021.00 Butchers and Meat Cutters
51-3092.00 Food Batchmakers
51-9061.00 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers Bright Outlook   Green Occupation Green
53-7064.00 Packers and Packagers, Hand Bright Outlook

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2015) $11.62 hourly, $24,170 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2014) 185,000 employees
Projected growth (2014-2024) Average (5% to 8%) Average (5% to 8%)
Projected job openings (2014-2024) 53,600
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2014)
Retail Trade (41% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data external site and 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

  • Bakers external site. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2016-17 Edition.

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