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Summary Report for:
15-1121.00 - Computer Systems Analysts

Analyze science, engineering, business, and other data processing problems to implement and improve computer systems. Analyze user requirements, procedures, and problems to automate or improve existing systems and review computer system capabilities, workflow, and scheduling limitations. May analyze or recommend commercially available software.

Sample of reported job titles: Applications Analyst, Business Analyst, Business Systems Analyst, Computer Analyst, Computer Systems Analyst, Computer Systems Consultant, Information Systems Analyst (ISA), Information Technology Analyst (IT Analyst), System Analyst, Systems Analyst

Also see: Informatics Nurse Specialists

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Tasks  |  Technology Skills  |  Tools Used  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Test, maintain, and monitor computer programs and systems, including coordinating the installation of computer programs and systems.
  • Troubleshoot program and system malfunctions to restore normal functioning.
  • Expand or modify system to serve new purposes or improve work flow.
  • Use the computer in the analysis and solution of business problems, such as development of integrated production and inventory control and cost analysis systems.
  • Consult with management to ensure agreement on system principles.
  • Confer with clients regarding the nature of the information processing or computation needs a computer program is to address.
  • Develop, document and revise system design procedures, test procedures, and quality standards.
  • Train staff and users to work with computer systems and programs.
  • Coordinate and link the computer systems within an organization to increase compatibility and so information can be shared.
  • Assess the usefulness of pre-developed application packages and adapt them to a user environment.
  • Define the goals of the system and devise flow charts and diagrams describing logical operational steps of programs.
  • Provide staff and users with assistance solving computer related problems, such as malfunctions and program problems.
  • Use object-oriented programming languages, as well as client and server applications development processes and multimedia and Internet technology.
  • Review and analyze computer printouts and performance indicators to locate code problems, and correct errors by correcting codes.
  • Supervise computer programmers or other systems analysts or serve as project leaders for particular systems projects.
  • Read manuals, periodicals, and technical reports to learn how to develop programs that meet staff and user requirements.
  • Determine computer software or hardware needed to set up or alter system.
  • Analyze information processing or computation needs and plan and design computer systems, using techniques such as structured analysis, data modeling and information engineering.
  • Interview or survey workers, observe job performance or perform the job to determine what information is processed and how it is processed.
  • Specify inputs accessed by the system and plan the distribution and use of the results.
  • Prepare cost-benefit and return-on-investment analyses to aid in decisions on system implementation.
  • Recommend new equipment or software packages.

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Technology Skills

  • Access software — Access management software; Citrix Hot technology
  • Administration software — Cisco Systems CiscoWorks; Element management software
  • Analytical or scientific software — Minitab Hot technology ; SAS Hot technology ; Structure prediction software; The MathWorks MATLAB Hot technology (see all 7 examples)
  • Application server software — Oracle Application Server; Oracle WebLogic Server Hot technology ; Red Hat WildFly Hot technology
  • Backup or archival software — System and data disaster recovery software; Veritas NetBackup Hot technology
  • Business intelligence and data analysis software — Business intelligence system software; IBM Cognos Impromptu Hot technology ; MicroStrategy Hot technology ; Qlik Tech QlikView Hot technology (see all 6 examples)
  • Communications server software — IBM Domino Hot technology
  • Compiler and decompiler software — Time sharing option TSO software
  • Computer aided design CAD software Hot technology — Computer aided design and drafting CADD software; Dassault Systemes CATIA Hot technology ; OrCAD Capture; SpectraQuest (see all 5 examples)
  • Configuration management software — HyperSpace; Perforce Helix software Hot technology ; Puppet Hot technology ; Systems and application deployment and migration software (see all 11 examples)
  • Content workflow software — Atlassian JIRA Hot technology
  • Customer relationship management CRM software — Oracle Eloqua Hot technology ; Salesforce software Hot technology
  • Data base management system software — Apache Hadoop Hot technology ; Apache Hive Hot technology ; MongoDB Hot technology ; MySQL Hot technology (see all 14 examples)
  • Data base reporting software — Microsoft SQL Server Reporting Services Hot technology ; Oracle Business Intelligence Suite; SAP Crystal Reports Hot technology
  • Data base user interface and query software — Microsoft Access Hot technology ; SAP BusinessObjects Desktop Intelligence; Software asset management SAM software; Structured query language SQL Hot technology (see all 10 examples)
  • Data conversion software
  • Data mining software — Google Analytics Hot technology
  • Desktop communications software — CrossTec NetOp Remote Control; Remote control software; Stac Software ReachOut; Symantec pcAnywhere
  • Desktop publishing software — Microsoft Publisher Hot technology
  • Development environment software — Apache Maven Hot technology ; IBM Rational Rose XDE Developer; Microsoft PowerShell Hot technology ; Symantec Visual Cafe (see all 22 examples)
  • Document management software — Adobe Systems Adobe Acrobat Hot technology
  • Electronic mail software — IBM Notes Hot technology ; Microsoft Exchange Server Hot technology ; Microsoft Outlook Hot technology
  • Enterprise application integration software — IBM WebSphere Hot technology ; Oracle Fusion Middleware; SAP Netweaver BW; WebFOCUS (see all 7 examples)
  • Enterprise resource planning ERP software Hot technology — Microsoft Dynamics Hot technology ; NetSuite ERP Hot technology ; Oracle PeopleSoft Financials Hot technology ; SAP Hot technology (see all 10 examples)
  • Enterprise system management software — IBM Power Systems software Hot technology ; Splunk Enterprise Hot technology
  • File versioning software — Apache Subversion SVN Hot technology ; Git Hot technology ; Version control software
  • Financial analysis software — Cost estimation software; Delphi Technology Hot technology ; Oracle E-Business Suite Financials Hot technology
  • Graphics or photo imaging software — Adobe Systems Adobe Fireworks Hot technology ; Adobe Systems Adobe Flash Hot technology ; Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop Hot technology ; Microsoft Visio Hot technology (see all 5 examples)
  • Helpdesk or call center software — Help desk software
  • Human resources software — ADP Workforce Now Hot technology ; Human resource management software HRMS Hot technology
  • Information retrieval or search software — LexisNexis Hot technology
  • Internet directory services software — Active directory software
  • Map creation software — ESRI ArcGIS software Hot technology ; Geographic information system GIS software Hot technology
  • Medical software — Epic Systems Hot technology ; Healthcare common procedure coding system HCPCS Hot technology ; MEDITECH software Hot technology
  • Metadata management software — CA Erwin Data Modeler Hot technology ; Informatica Corporation PowerCenter; Oracle Master Data Management MDM Suite; SAP Master Data Management MDM
  • Network monitoring software — Nagios Hot technology ; Network intrusion prevention systems NIPS; Snort; Wireshark Hot technology
  • Network security or virtual private network VPN management software — Virtual private networking VPN software Hot technology
  • Object or component oriented development software — C++ Hot technology ; Objective C Hot technology ; Python Hot technology ; Swift Hot technology (see all 18 examples)
  • Object oriented data base management software — Hibernate ORM Hot technology ; Microsoft Visual FoxPro; PostgreSQL Hot technology
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office
  • Operating system software — KornShell Hot technology ; Oracle Solaris Hot technology ; Ubuntu Hot technology ; UNIX Hot technology (see all 8 examples)
  • Pattern design software — Diagramming software; Flow chart software; Omni Group OmniGraffle
  • Portal server software — Apache HTTP Server Hot technology
  • Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint Hot technology
  • Program testing software — Compatibility testing software; Defect tracking software; Hewlett Packard LoadRunner Hot technology ; Usability testing software (see all 22 examples)
  • Project management software — Microsoft Project Hot technology ; Microsoft SharePoint Hot technology ; Oracle Primavera Enterprise Project Portfolio Management Hot technology
  • Requirements analysis and system architecture software — AcmeStudio; Architecture description language ADL; Popkin System Architect; Unified modeling language UML Hot technology (see all 5 examples)
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel Hot technology
  • Transaction security and virus protection software — McAfee Hot technology ; Symantec Hot technology ; Virus scanning software
  • Transaction server software — Customer information control system CICS Hot technology ; Microsoft Internet Information Service IIS; Sun Microsystems Sun ONE; Web server software
  • Web page creation and editing software — Adobe Systems Adobe Dreamweaver Hot technology
  • Web platform development software — AJAX Hot technology ; Enterprise JavaBeans Hot technology ; Google AngularJS Hot technology ; PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor Hot technology (see all 21 examples)
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word

Hot technology Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.

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Tools Used

  • Desktop computers
  • Mainframe computers
  • Notebook computers
  • Personal digital assistant PDAs or organizers — Personal digital assistants PDA

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Knowledge

  • Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
  • Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
  • Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.

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Skills

  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
  • Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
  • Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
  • Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
  • Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
  • Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
  • Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
  • Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
  • Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
  • Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
  • Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.

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Abilities

  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
  • Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
  • Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
  • Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
  • Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
  • Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
  • Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
  • Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
  • Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.

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Work Activities

  • Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
  • Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
  • Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
  • Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
  • Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
  • Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
  • Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Coordinate software or hardware installation.
  • Monitor computer system performance to ensure proper operation.
  • Test software performance.
  • Troubleshoot issues with computer applications or systems.
  • Modify software programs to improve performance.
  • Apply information technology to solve business or other applied problems.
  • Write computer programming code.
  • Collaborate with others to determine design specifications or details.
  • Analyze data to identify or resolve operational problems.
  • Manage information technology projects or system activities.
  • Supervise information technology personnel.
  • Configure computer networks.
  • Develop testing routines or procedures.
  • Document design or development procedures.
  • Train others in computer interface or software use.
  • Develop diagrams or flow charts of system operation.
  • Evaluate utility of software or hardware technologies.
  • Provide technical support for software maintenance or use.
  • Read documents to gather technical information.
  • Analyze project data to determine specifications or requirements.
  • Design integrated computer systems.
  • Identify information technology project resource requirements.
  • Collect data about customer needs.
  • Estimate time or monetary resources needed to complete projects.
  • Provide recommendations to others about computer hardware.

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Work Context

  • Electronic Mail — 100% responded “Every day.”
  • Telephone — 89% responded “Every day.”
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 94% responded “Every day.”
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 62% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 60% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Spend Time Sitting — 50% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 77% responded “Every day.”
  • Contact With Others — 56% responded “Constant contact with others.”
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 66% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 72% responded “Some freedom.”
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 41% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Time Pressure — 38% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 64% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 38% responded “Very important results.”
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 39% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 50% responded “More than 40 hours.”
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 47% responded “Some freedom.”
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 41% responded “Very high responsibility.”
  • Deal With External Customers — 32% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 35% responded “Every day.”
  • Level of Competition — 62% responded “Moderately competitive.”
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 24% responded “Every day.”

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
Related Experience A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
Job Zone Examples Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, graphic designers, chemists, art directors, and cost estimators.
SVP Range (7.0 to < 8.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
33   Bachelor's degree
29   Associate's degree
14   Master's degree

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: ICR

  • Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

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Work Styles

  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
  • Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

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Work Values

  • Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
  • Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2016) $41.93 hourly, $87,220 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2014) 568,000 employees
Projected growth (2014-2024) Much faster than average (14% or higher) Much faster than average (14% or higher)
Projected job openings (2014-2024) 191,600
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2014)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2016 wage data external site and 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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