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Details Report for:
11-9161.00 - Emergency Management Directors

Plan and direct disaster response or crisis management activities, provide disaster preparedness training, and prepare emergency plans and procedures for natural (e.g., hurricanes, floods, earthquakes), wartime, or technological (e.g., nuclear power plant emergencies or hazardous materials spills) disasters or hostage situations.

Sample of reported job titles: Emergency Management Consultant, Emergency Management Coordinator, Emergency Management Specialist, Emergency Management System Director (EMS Director), Emergency Planner, Emergency Preparedness Coordinator, Emergency Preparedness Program Specialist, Emergency Services Director, Hazard Mitigation Officer, Public Safety Director

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Tasks  |  Technology Skills  |  Tools Used  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
86   Core
Keep informed of activities or changes that could affect the likelihood of an emergency, as well as those that could affect response efforts and details of plan implementation.
85   Core
Prepare emergency situation status reports that describe response and recovery efforts, needs, and preliminary damage assessments.
83   Core
Prepare plans that outline operating procedures to be used in response to disasters or emergencies, such as hurricanes, nuclear accidents, and terrorist attacks, and in recovery from these events.
83   Core
Coordinate disaster response or crisis management activities, such as ordering evacuations, opening public shelters, and implementing special needs plans and programs.
83   Core
Develop and maintain liaisons with municipalities, county departments, and similar entities to facilitate plan development, response effort coordination, and exchanges of personnel and equipment.
79   Core
Apply for federal funding for emergency-management-related needs and administer and report on the progress of such grants.
78   Core
Design and administer emergency or disaster preparedness training courses that teach people how to effectively respond to major emergencies and disasters.
76   Core
Collaborate with other officials to prepare and analyze damage assessments following disasters or emergencies.
76   Core
Consult with officials of local and area governments, schools, hospitals, and other institutions to determine their needs and capabilities in the event of a natural disaster or other emergency.
76   Core
Attend meetings, conferences, and workshops related to emergency management to learn new information and to develop working relationships with other emergency management specialists.
76   Core
Inspect facilities and equipment, such as emergency management centers and communications equipment, to determine their operational and functional capabilities in emergency situations.
75   Core
Propose alteration of emergency response procedures based on regulatory changes, technological changes, or knowledge gained from outcomes of previous emergency situations.
75   Core
Develop and perform tests and evaluations of emergency management plans in accordance with state and federal regulations.
71   Core
Keep informed of federal, state, and local regulations affecting emergency plans and ensure that plans adhere to these regulations.
69   Core
Review emergency plans of individual organizations, such as medical facilities, to ensure their adequacy.
68   Core
Develop instructional materials for the public and make presentations to citizens' groups to provide information on emergency plans and their implementation processes.
67   Core
Maintain and update all resource materials associated with emergency preparedness plans.
64   Core
Train local groups in the preparation of long-term plans that are compatible with federal and state plans.
64   Core
Provide communities with assistance in applying for federal funding for emergency management facilities, radiological instrumentation, and other related items.
62   Core
Conduct surveys to determine the types of emergency-related needs to be addressed in disaster planning or provide technical support to others conducting such surveys.
60   Core
Study emergency plans used elsewhere to gather information for plan development.
58   Core
Develop and implement training procedures and strategies for radiological protection, detection, and decontamination.
62   Supplemental
Inventory and distribute nuclear, biological, and chemical detection and contamination equipment, providing instruction in its maintenance and use.

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Technology Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Analytical or scientific software — Statistical software
  • Data base user interface and query software — Emergency Managers Weather Information Network EMWIN; Federal Emergency Management Information System FEMIS; Relational database software; SoftRisk Technologies SoftRisk SQL
  • Desktop publishing software
  • Electronic mail software — IBM Lotus Notes
  • Enterprise resource planning ERP software Hot technology — SunGard Assurance
  • Graphics or photo imaging software — Graphics software
  • Internet browser software — Web browser software
  • Map creation software — Digital Engineering Corporation E-MAPS; ESRI ArcGIS software Hot technology ; Geographic information system GIS software Hot technology ; MapInfo Professional
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office
  • Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint Hot technology
  • Project management software — Alert Technologies OpsCenter; Emergency Services Integrators ESi WebEOC; Microsoft SharePoint Hot technology ; National Center for Crisis and Continuity Coordination NC4 E Team
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel Hot technology
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word

Hot technology Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.

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Tools Used   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Automatic call distributor ACD — Emergency alert notification systems
  • Desktop computers
  • Hard hats
  • Hazardous material protective apparel — Chemical protective clothing
  • Hazardous material protective footwear — Chemical protective boots
  • Notebook computers — Laptop computers
  • Personal computers
  • Protective gloves — Safety gloves
  • Radiation detectors
  • Respiration air supplying self contained breathing apparatus or accessories — Self-contained breathing apparatus
  • Safety hoods — Protective hoods
  • Two way radios

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
86 
Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
85 
Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
76 
Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
74 
English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
71 
Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
71 
Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
68 
Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
61 
Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
60 
Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
56 
Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
56 
Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
54 
Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
53 
Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
48 
Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
46 
Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
43 
Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
37 
Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
36 
Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
35 
History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
31 
Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
30 
Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
30 
Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
26 
Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
26 
Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
24 
Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
23 
Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
22 
Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
21 
Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
20 
Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
19 
Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
13 
Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
10 
Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
5 
Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
81 
Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
78 
Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
78 
Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
78 
Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
75 
Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
75 
Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
75 
Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
75 
Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
75 
Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
75 
Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
69 
Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
69 
Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
69 
Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
69 
Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
69 
Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
69 
Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
66 
Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
66 
Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
63 
Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
60 
Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
50 
Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
44 
Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
44 
Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
41 
Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
31 
Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
28 
Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
28 
Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
22 
Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
22 
Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
16 
Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
16 
Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
0 
Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
0 
Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
0 
Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
0 
Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
78 
Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
78 
Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
75 
Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
75 
Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
75 
Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
75 
Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
75 
Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
72 
Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
72 
Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
72 
Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
69 
Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
69 
Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
66 
Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
63 
Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
53 
Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
53 
Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
53 
Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
50 
Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
50 
Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
50 
Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
50 
Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
47 
Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
44 
Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
44 
Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
31 
Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
31 
Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
25 
Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
25 
Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
25 
Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
25 
Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
25 
Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
22 
Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
22 
Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
22 
Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
22 
Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
22 
Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
22 
Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
22 
Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
19 
Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
19 
Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
19 
Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
16 
Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
16 
Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
10 
Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
6 
Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
6 
Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
6 
Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
6 
Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
6 
Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
6 
Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
6 
Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
0 
Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
95 
Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
92 
Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
92 
Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
89 
Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
88 
Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
86 
Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
86 
Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
85 
Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
85 
Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
85 
Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
81 
Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
80 
Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
80 
Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
79 
Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
79 
Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
79 
Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
77 
Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
77 
Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
76 
Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
75 
Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
75 
Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
75 
Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
74 
Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
74 
Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
73 
Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
72 
Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
72 
Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
70 
Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
64 
Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
63 
Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
58 
Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
56 
Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
55 
Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
45 
Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
41 
Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
28 
Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
24 
Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
21 
Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
18 
Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
17 
Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
13 
Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.

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Detailed Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Maintain knowledge of current developments in area of expertise.
  • Prepare reports related to compliance matters.
  • Develop emergency response plans or procedures.
  • Coordinate special events or programs.
  • Establish interpersonal business relationships to facilitate work activities.
  • Prepare operational progress or status reports.
  • Prepare proposals or grant applications to obtain project funding.
  • Communicate with government agencies.
  • Confer with organizational members to accomplish work activities.
  • Coordinate operational activities with external stakeholders.
  • Inspect condition or functioning of facilities or equipment.
  • Evaluate program effectiveness.
  • Recommend organizational process or policy changes.
  • Determine operational compliance with regulations or standards.
  • Present information to the public.
  • Maintain operational records.
  • Advise others on legal or regulatory compliance matters.
  • Conduct opinion surveys or needs assessments.
  • Communicate organizational policies and procedures.
  • Manage inventories of products or organizational resources.
  • Develop safety standards, policies, or procedures.
  • Implement organizational process or policy changes.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context

Percentage of Top Responses
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


96     Every day
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


84     Every day
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


72     Constant contact with others
20     Contact with others most of the time
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


63     Extremely important
38     Very important
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


68     Every day
24     Once a week or more but not every day
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


68     Every day
16     Once a week or more but not every day
12     Once a month or more but not every week
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


52     Extremely important
44     Very important
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


68     More than 40 hours
32     40 hours
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — What results do your decisions usually have on other people or the image or reputation or financial resources of your employer?


48     Very important results
32     Important results
20     Moderate results
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


32     Extremely important
60     Very important
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


44     A lot of freedom
36     Some freedom
20     Limited freedom
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


36     A lot of freedom
48     Some freedom
16     Limited freedom
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


28     Very high responsibility
56     High responsibility
16     Moderate responsibility
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


44     Very high responsibility
28     High responsibility
20     Moderate responsibility
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


28     Every day
44     Once a week or more but not every day
28     Once a month or more but not every week
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


32     Every day
44     Once a week or more but not every day
12     Once a month or more but not every week
12     Once a year or more but not every month
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


12     Continually or almost continually
72     More than half the time
16     About half the time
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


20     Extremely important
48     Very important
20     Important
12     Fairly important
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


12     Every day
36     Once a week or more but not every day
48     Once a month or more but not every week
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


24     Every day
28     Once a week or more but not every day
28     Once a month or more but not every week
16     Once a year or more but not every month
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


20     Extremely serious
28     Very serious
28     Serious
24     Fairly serious
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


12     Extremely competitive
36     Highly competitive
36     Moderately competitive
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


28     Once a week or more but not every day
48     Once a month or more but not every week
16     Once a year or more but not every month
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


24     Once a week or more but not every day
60     Once a month or more but not every week
12     Once a year or more but not every month
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


12     Very close (near touching)
24     Moderately close (at arm's length)
24     Slightly close (e.g., shared office)
40     I work with others but not closely (e.g., private office)
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


64     Once a month or more but not every week
24     Once a year or more but not every month
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


24     Very important
44     Important
16     Fairly important
16     Not important at all
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


16     Once a week or more but not every day
32     Once a month or more but not every week
44     Once a year or more but not every month
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


20     Once a week or more but not every day
24     Once a month or more but not every week
44     Once a year or more but not every month
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


40     Once a month or more but not every week
44     Once a year or more but not every month
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


16     About half the time
72     Less than half the time
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


38     Once a month or more but not every week
54     Once a year or more but not every month
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


32     Once a month or more but not every week
60     Once a year or more but not every month
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


16     Once a month or more but not every week
64     Once a year or more but not every month
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


36     Once a month or more but not every week
48     Once a year or more but not every month
12     Never
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


16     More than half the time
12     About half the time
40     Less than half the time
28     Never
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


21     More than half the time
33     Less than half the time
33     Never
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


32     Moderately automated
36     Slightly automated
24     Not at all automated
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


24     Once a month or more but not every week
56     Once a year or more but not every month
16     Never
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


16     About half the time
76     Less than half the time
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


20     Once a month or more but not every week
48     Once a year or more but not every month
28     Never
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


52     Irregular (changes with weather conditions, production demands, or contract duration)
48     Regular (established routine, set schedule)
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


12     Once a month or more but not every week
48     Once a year or more but not every month
36     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


12     Once a month or more but not every week
44     Once a year or more but not every month
40     Never
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


12     Once a month or more but not every week
44     Once a year or more but not every month
40     Never
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


52     Less than half the time
40     Never
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


56     Once a year or more but not every month
36     Never
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


44     Once a year or more but not every month
52     Never
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


42     Once a year or more but not every month
54     Never
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


32     Once a year or more but not every month
60     Never
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


44     Less than half the time
52     Never
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


26     Less than half the time
65     Never
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


22     Once a year or more but not every month
70     Never
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


20     Once a year or more but not every month
76     Never
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


24     Less than half the time
76     Never
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


12     Once a year or more but not every month
84     Never
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


12     Fairly important
88     Not important at all

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
Related Experience A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
Job Zone Examples Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, graphic designers, chemists, art directors, and cost estimators.
SVP Range (7.0 to < 8.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
52   Bachelor's degree
20   Master's degree
16   Associate's degree

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Credentials

Find Training Find Certifications Find Apprenticeships

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
89 
Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
78 
Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
45 
Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
45 
Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
33 
Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
17 
Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
92 
Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
91 
Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
91 
Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
88 
Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
88 
Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
87 
Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
84 
Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
83 
Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
82 
Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
82 
Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
79 
Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
78 
Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
73 
Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
72 
Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
70 
Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
69 
Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
78 
Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
72 
Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
67 
Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
67 
Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
67 
Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
67 
Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2016) $33.89 hourly, $70,500 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2014) 11,000 employees
Projected growth (2014-2024) Average (5% to 8%) Average (5% to 8%)
Projected job openings (2014-2024) 1,900
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2014)
Government (65% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2016 wage data external site and 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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