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Details Report for:
39-9032.00 - Recreation Workers

Conduct recreation activities with groups in public, private, or volunteer agencies or recreation facilities. Organize and promote activities, such as arts and crafts, sports, games, music, dramatics, social recreation, camping, and hobbies, taking into account the needs and interests of individual members.

Sample of reported job titles: Activities Assistant, Activities Director, Activity Aide, Activity Assistant, Activity Coordinator, Activity Director, Program Assistant, Recreation Assistant, Recreation Coordinator, Recreation Supervisor

View report: Summary  Details  Custom

Tasks  |  Technology Skills  |  Tools Used  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
84   Core
Enforce rules and regulations of recreational facilities to maintain discipline and ensure safety.
82   Core
Organize, lead, and promote interest in recreational activities, such as arts, crafts, sports, games, camping, and hobbies.
82   Core
Assess the needs and interests of individuals and groups and plan activities accordingly, given the available equipment or facilities.
81   Core
Manage the daily operations of recreational facilities.
81   Core
Administer first aid according to prescribed procedures and notify emergency medical personnel when necessary.
77   Core
Complete and maintain time and attendance forms and inventory lists.
77   Core
Explain principles, techniques, and safety procedures to participants in recreational activities and demonstrate use of materials and equipment.
75   Core
Direct special activities or events, such as aquatics, gymnastics, or performing arts.
75   Core
Supervise and coordinate the work activities of personnel, such as training staff members and assigning work duties.
75   Core
Evaluate recreation areas, facilities, and services to determine if they are producing desired results.
74   Core
Document individuals' progress toward meeting their treatment goals.
74   Core
Greet new arrivals to activities, introducing them to other participants, explaining facility rules, and encouraging participation.
72   Core
Confer with management to discuss and resolve participant complaints.
69   Core
Meet with staff to discuss rules, regulations, and work-related problems.
68   Core
Oversee the purchase, planning, design, construction, and upkeep of recreation facilities and areas.
67   Core
Encourage participants to develop their own activities and leadership skills through group discussions.
65   Core
Meet and collaborate with agency personnel, community organizations, and other professional personnel to plan balanced recreational programs for participants.
62   Core
Provide for entertainment and set up related decorations and equipment.
76   Supplemental
Serve as liaison between park or recreation administrators and activity instructors.
75   Supplemental
Schedule maintenance and use of facilities.
74   Supplemental
Conduct individual in-room visits with residents.
70   Supplemental
Develop treatment goals for individuals based on their assessments.
70   Supplemental
Evaluate staff performance, recording evaluations on appropriate forms.
66   Supplemental
Take residents on community outings.

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Technology Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Calendar and scheduling software — Scheduling software
  • Charting software
  • Data base user interface and query software — Database software; Recordkeeping software
  • Desktop publishing software — Microsoft Publisher Hot technology
  • Electronic mail software — Microsoft Outlook Hot technology
  • Internet browser software — Microsoft Internet Explorer
  • Office suite software — Corel WordPerfect Office Suite; Microsoft Office
  • Operating system software — Microsoft Windows
  • Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint Hot technology
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel Hot technology
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word

Hot technology Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.

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Tools Used   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Braille devices for the physically challenged — Braille materials
  • Calendars
  • Cash registers — Cashboxes
  • Desktop computers
  • Dry erase boards or accessories — Whiteboards
  • Emergency medical services first aid kits — First aid kits
  • Informational signs
  • Ladders
  • Laser fax machine — Laser facsimile machines
  • Microphones
  • Minivans or vans — Passenger vans
  • Mobile phones
  • Photocopiers
  • Pocket calculator — Handheld calculators
  • Sport scoreboards — Electronic scoreboards
  • Two way radios
  • Wheelchairs

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
78 
English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
71 
Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
66 
Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
63 
Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
61 
Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
54 
Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
54 
Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
51 
Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
50 
Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
49 
Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
44 
Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
42 
Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
42 
Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
39 
Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
38 
Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
35 
Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
34 
Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
31 
Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
27 
Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
26 
Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
22 
Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
21 
Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
21 
History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
21 
Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
21 
Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
20 
Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
12 
Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
11 
Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
10 
Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
8 
Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
8 
Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
8 
Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
7 
Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
75 
Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
75 
Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
75 
Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
75 
Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
75 
Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
69 
Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
69 
Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
56 
Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
56 
Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
53 
Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
53 
Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
53 
Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
53 
Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
53 
Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
53 
Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
53 
Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
50 
Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
50 
Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
47 
Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
44 
Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
41 
Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
28 
Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
25 
Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
25 
Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
25 
Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
22 
Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
22 
Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
22 
Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
16 
Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
16 
Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
10 
Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
10 
Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
0 
Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
0 
Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
0 
Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
75 
Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
75 
Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
72 
Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
66 
Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
66 
Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
66 
Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
60 
Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
56 
Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
53 
Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
53 
Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
53 
Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
53 
Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
53 
Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
53 
Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
50 
Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
50 
Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
50 
Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
47 
Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
47 
Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
44 
Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
41 
Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
41 
Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
41 
Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
41 
Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
38 
Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
35 
Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
31 
Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
31 
Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
28 
Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
28 
Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
28 
Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
28 
Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
28 
Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
25 
Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
25 
Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
25 
Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
25 
Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
25 
Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
22 
Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
19 
Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
16 
Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
16 
Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
16 
Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
16 
Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
10 
Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
6 
Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
3 
Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
0 
Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
0 
Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
0 
Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
0 
Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
0 
Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
89 
Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
88 
Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
85 
Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
83 
Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
80 
Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
80 
Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
79 
Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
78 
Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
76 
Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
75 
Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
75 
Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
75 
Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
74 
Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
73 
Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
72 
Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
72 
Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
70 
Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
69 
Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
68 
Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
68 
Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
68 
Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
68 
Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
66 
Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
66 
Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
66 
Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
65 
Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
64 
Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
64 
Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
64 
Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
63 
Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
59 
Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
58 
Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
57 
Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
57 
Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
54 
Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
52 
Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
37 
Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
37 
Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
35 
Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
34 
Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
17 
Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.

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Detailed Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Enforce rules or regulations.
  • Organize recreational activities or events.
  • Gather information in order to provide services to clients.
  • Promote products, services, or programs.
  • Monitor recreational facility operations.
  • Administer first aid.
  • Explain regulations, policies, or procedures.
  • Prepare operational reports or records.
  • Demonstrate activity techniques or equipment use.
  • Assign duties or work schedules to employees.
  • Supervise service workers.
  • Train service staff.
  • Arrange facility schedules.
  • Document client health or progress.
  • Greet customers, patrons, or visitors.
  • Communicate with management or other staff to resolve problems.
  • Develop treatment plans for patients or clients.
  • Evaluate employee performance.
  • Provide counsel, comfort, or encouragement to individuals or families.
  • Accompany individuals or groups to activities.
  • Develop plans for programs or services.
  • Arrange items for use or display.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context

Percentage of Top Responses
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


83     Constant contact with others
16     Contact with others most of the time
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


67     Every day
26     Once a week or more but not every day
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


65     Every day
26     Once a week or more but not every day
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


65     Extremely important
19     Very important
16     Important
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


47     A lot of freedom
40     Some freedom
12     Limited freedom
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


75     Every day
14     Never
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


44     A lot of freedom
32     Some freedom
18     Limited freedom
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


30     Extremely important
38     Very important
22     Important
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


36     Very close (near touching)
25     Moderately close (at arm's length)
28     Slightly close (e.g., shared office)
11     I work with others but not closely (e.g., private office)
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


57     Every day
14     Once a year or more but not every month
18     Never
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


39     Very high responsibility
27     High responsibility
23     No responsibility
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


11     Extremely important
49     Very important
24     Important
14     Fairly important
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


33     Every day
12     Once a week or more but not every day
33     Once a month or more but not every week
23     Once a year or more but not every month
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — What results do your decisions usually have on other people or the image or reputation or financial resources of your employer?


29     Very important results
38     Important results
25     Minor results
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


40     Every day
25     Once a week or more but not every day
20     Once a year or more but not every month
15     Never
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


51     Every day
32     Never
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


39     Extremely important
20     Very important
17     Fairly important
18     Not important at all
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


40     Extremely serious
27     Serious
21     Fairly serious
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


23     Every day
18     Once a week or more but not every day
34     Once a month or more but not every week
17     Once a year or more but not every month
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


16     Extremely important
22     Very important
37     Important
24     Fairly important
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


14     Every day
14     Once a week or more but not every day
52     Once a month or more but not every week
18     Once a year or more but not every month
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


32     Once a week or more but not every day
21     Once a month or more but not every week
32     Once a year or more but not every month
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


22     Every day
34     Once a month or more but not every week
24     Once a year or more but not every month
15     Never
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


62     About half the time
25     Less than half the time
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


23     More than half the time
48     About half the time
28     Less than half the time
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


14     Very high responsibility
20     High responsibility
23     Moderate responsibility
21     Limited responsibility
21     No responsibility
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


21     More than 40 hours
38     40 hours
41     Less than 40 hours
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


31     Every day
11     Once a month or more but not every week
47     Never
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


50     About half the time
35     Less than half the time
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


25     Every day
15     Once a month or more but not every week
15     Once a year or more but not every month
44     Never
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


35     Moderately competitive
22     Slightly competitive
29     Not at all competitive
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


27     Once a week or more but not every day
57     Never
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


33     Once a week or more but not every day
48     Never
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


14     Every day
15     Once a week or more but not every day
12     Once a month or more but not every week
57     Never
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


12     Continually or almost continually
30     Less than half the time
40     Never
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


12     Continually or almost continually
49     Less than half the time
30     Never
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


20     Once a week or more but not every day
23     Once a month or more but not every week
11     Once a year or more but not every month
46     Never
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


17     About half the time
39     Less than half the time
31     Never
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


23     Once a week or more but not every day
64     Never
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


18     Once a week or more but not every day
73     Never
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


17     Moderately automated
43     Slightly automated
40     Not at all automated
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


19     Once a week or more but not every day
71     Never
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


13     Continually or almost continually
19     Less than half the time
68     Never
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


40     Less than half the time
53     Never
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


25     Once a year or more but not every month
63     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


81     Never
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


81     Never
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


11     Once a month or more but not every week
19     Once a year or more but not every month
69     Never
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


11     Once a month or more but not every week
82     Never
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


19     Irregular (changes with weather conditions, production demands, or contract duration)
81     Regular (established routine, set schedule)
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


18     Less than half the time
82     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


88     Never
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


89     Never
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


96     Never
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


92     Not important at all
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


100     Never
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


100     Never

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
Related Experience A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
Job Zone Examples Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, graphic designers, chemists, art directors, and cost estimators.
SVP Range (7.0 to < 8.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
62   Bachelor's degree
25   High school diploma or equivalent Help
8   Associate's degree

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Credentials

Find Certifications Find Licenses

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
89 
Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
78 
Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
56 
Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
45 
Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
22 
Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
0 
Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
93 
Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
91 
Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
91 
Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
90 
Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
90 
Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
88 
Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
87 
Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
86 
Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
85 
Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
84 
Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
83 
Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
81 
Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
78 
Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
76 
Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
74 
Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
73 
Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
83 
Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
78 
Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
61 
Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
61 
Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
45 
Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
33 
Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2016) $11.48 hourly, $23,870 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2014) 379,000 employees
Projected growth (2014-2024) Faster than average (9% to 13%) Faster than average (9% to 13%)
Projected job openings (2014-2024) 108,900
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2014)
Government (31% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2016 wage data external site and 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

  • Recreation workers external site. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2016-17 Edition.

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