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Details Report for:
31-9011.00 - Massage Therapists

Perform therapeutic massages of soft tissues and joints. May assist in the assessment of range of motion and muscle strength, or propose client therapy plans.

Sample of reported job titles: Bodywork Therapist, Certified Massage Therapist (CMT), Clinical Massage Therapist, Integrated Deep Tissue Massage Therapist, Licensed Massage Practitioner (LMP), Licensed Massage Therapist, Massage Therapist, Medical Massage Therapist, Registered Massage Therapist, Therapeutic Massage Technician

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Tasks  |  Technology Skills  |  Tools Used  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
91   Core
Massage and knead muscles and soft tissues of the body to provide treatment for medical conditions, injuries, or wellness maintenance.
90   Core
Confer with clients about their medical histories and problems with stress or pain to determine how massage will be most helpful.
89   Core
Apply finger and hand pressure to specific points of the body.
85   Core
Maintain treatment records.
83   Core
Assess clients' soft tissue condition, joint quality and function, muscle strength, and range of motion.
82   Core
Treat clients in professional settings or travel to clients' offices and homes.
79   Core
Provide clients with guidance and information about techniques for postural improvement and stretching, strengthening, relaxation, and rehabilitative exercises.
71   Core
Develop and propose client treatment plans that specify which types of massage are to be used.
70   Core
Refer clients to other types of therapists when necessary.
65   Core
Consult with other health care professionals, such as physiotherapists, chiropractors, physicians, and psychologists, to develop treatment plans for clients.
64   Core
Perform other adjunctive therapies or treatment techniques in addition to massage.
53   Core
Prepare and blend oils and apply the blends to clients' skin.
46   Supplemental
Use complementary aids, such as infrared lamps, wet compresses, ice, and whirlpool baths to promote clients' recovery, relaxation, and well-being.

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Technology Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Calendar and scheduling software — AppointmentQuest Online Appointment Manager; Scheduling software
  • Medical software — ICS Software SammyUSA; Island Software Massage Office Professional; Massage Suite; WinCity Custom Software WinCity Massage SOAP Notes (see all 6 examples)
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel Hot technology
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word

Hot technology Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.

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Tools Used   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Balance beams or boards or bolsters or rockers for rehabilitation or therapy — Bolsters
  • Bath robes
  • Desktop computers
  • Electric vibrators for rehabilitation or therapy — Mechanical vibrating massage devices
  • Full body immersion hydrotherapy baths or tanks — Hydrotherapy equipment
  • Hand or body lotion or oil — Body lotions
  • Mats or platforms for rehabilitation or therapy — Massage chairs; Massage stools; Portable massage tables; Treatment tables
  • Medical heat lamps or accessories — Heat lamps
  • Notebook computers
  • Personal computers
  • Therapeutic heating or cooling pads or compresses or packs — Cold packs; Hot packs; Massage stone sets
  • Therapeutic heating or cooling units or systems — Steam cabinets

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
82 
Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
56 
Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
56 
English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
47 
Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
46 
Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
43 
Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
42 
Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
40 
Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
37 
Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
35 
Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
35 
Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
35 
Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
25 
Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
25 
Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
24 
Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
23 
Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
19 
Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
19 
Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
18 
Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
15 
Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
11 
Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
9 
Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
9 
Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
9 
Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
8 
Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
8 
Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
7 
Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
6 
History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
4 
Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
4 
Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
4 
Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
3 
Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
3 
Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
69 
Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
66 
Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
60 
Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
56 
Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
53 
Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
53 
Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
53 
Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
50 
Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
50 
Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
47 
Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
47 
Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
47 
Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
44 
Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
41 
Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
35 
Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
35 
Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
31 
Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
28 
Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
28 
Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
22 
Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
22 
Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
19 
Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
19 
Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
19 
Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
16 
Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
10 
Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
10 
Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
10 
Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
10 
Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
0 
Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
0 
Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
0 
Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
0 
Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
0 
Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
0 
Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
69 
Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
66 
Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
66 
Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
66 
Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
63 
Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
60 
Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
60 
Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
56 
Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
56 
Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
56 
Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
53 
Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
53 
Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
53 
Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
53 
Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
50 
Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
50 
Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
50 
Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
50 
Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
47 
Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
47 
Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
47 
Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
47 
Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
44 
Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
41 
Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
35 
Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
35 
Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
31 
Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
28 
Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
28 
Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
28 
Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
28 
Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
25 
Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
25 
Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
25 
Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
25 
Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
22 
Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
22 
Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
22 
Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
22 
Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
19 
Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
16 
Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
16 
Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
16 
Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
13 
Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
3 
Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
3 
Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
3 
Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
0 
Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
0 
Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
0 
Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
0 
Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
0 
Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
84 
Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
83 
Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
78 
Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
77 
Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
75 
Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
73 
Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
71 
Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
70 
Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
58 
Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
58 
Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
57 
Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
56 
Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
56 
Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
54 
Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
53 
Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
50 
Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
49 
Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
49 
Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
48 
Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
48 
Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
47 
Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
43 
Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
42 
Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
42 
Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
40 
Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
38 
Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
36 
Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
36 
Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
33 
Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
33 
Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
32 
Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
28 
Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
24 
Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
23 
Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
21 
Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
20 
Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
10 
Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
9 
Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
8 
Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
7 
Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
3 
Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.

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Detailed Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Administer therapy treatments to patients using hands or physical treatment aids.
  • Interview patients to gather medical information.
  • Maintain medical records.
  • Assess physical conditions of patients to aid in diagnosis or treatment.
  • Teach medical procedures or medical equipment use to patients.
  • Develop patient therapy programs.
  • Confer with other professionals to plan patient care.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context

Percentage of Top Responses
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


79     A lot of freedom
17     Some freedom
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


80     A lot of freedom
13     Some freedom
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


86     Very close (near touching)
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


53     Continually or almost continually
40     More than half the time
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


66     Constant contact with others
21     Contact with others most of the time
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


79     Every day
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


77     Every day
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


47     Continually or almost continually
37     More than half the time
13     About half the time
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


53     Every day
30     Once a week or more but not every day
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


53     Extremely important
20     Very important
13     Not important at all
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


33     Every day
30     Once a week or more but not every day
20     Once a month or more but not every week
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


57     Every day
13     Once a month or more but not every week
13     Once a year or more but not every month
17     Never
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — What results do your decisions usually have on other people or the image or reputation or financial resources of your employer?


27     Very important results
37     Important results
20     Moderate results
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


55     Continually or almost continually
24     Never
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


46     Highly competitive
29     Moderately competitive
18     Slightly competitive
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


21     Extremely important
28     Very important
34     Important
14     Not important at all
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


31     Very important
14     Important
34     Fairly important
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


34     Every day
14     Once a year or more but not every month
38     Never
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


13     Continually or almost continually
20     More than half the time
17     About half the time
40     Less than half the time
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


14     Once a week or more but not every day
21     Once a month or more but not every week
41     Once a year or more but not every month
14     Never
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


13     Very high responsibility
17     Moderate responsibility
43     Limited responsibility
17     No responsibility
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


27     Very serious
50     Fairly serious
17     Not serious at all
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


17     Very important
13     Important
30     Fairly important
30     Not important at all
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


13     Once a week or more but not every day
13     Once a month or more but not every week
47     Once a year or more but not every month
20     Never
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


14     More than half the time
21     About half the time
52     Never
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


13     Once a month or more but not every week
67     Once a year or more but not every month
17     Never
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


47     Less than half the time
33     Never
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


83     Less than half the time
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


14     Once a month or more but not every week
61     Once a year or more but not every month
21     Never
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


48     Irregular (changes with weather conditions, production demands, or contract duration)
52     Regular (established routine, set schedule)
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


14     Important
21     Fairly important
55     Not important at all
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


33     Once a year or more but not every month
53     Never
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


27     Once a year or more but not every month
60     Never
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


23     Limited responsibility
63     No responsibility
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


37     Once a year or more but not every month
57     Never
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


38     Once a year or more but not every month
59     Never
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


14     Once a year or more but not every month
79     Never
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


80     Never
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


23     Once a year or more but not every month
73     Never
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


20     Once a year or more but not every month
73     Never
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


79     Never
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


17     Once a year or more but not every month
79     Never
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


23     Once a year or more but not every month
77     Never
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


21     Once a year or more but not every month
79     Never
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


90     Not at all automated
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


93     Less than 40 hours
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


86     Never
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


97     Never
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


97     Never
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


97     Never
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


97     Never
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


97     Not important at all
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


97     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


100     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


100     Never
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


100     Never
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


100     Never

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
Education Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
Related Experience Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, travel guides, electricians, agricultural technicians, barbers, nannies, and medical assistants.
SVP Range (6.0 to < 7.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
57   Post-secondary certificate Help
20   High school diploma or equivalent Help
10   Some college, no degree

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Credentials

Find Training Find Certifications Find Licenses

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
89 
Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
78 
Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
45 
Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
33 
Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
22 
Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
11 
Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
97 
Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
96 
Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
93 
Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
88 
Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
83 
Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
82 
Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
81 
Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
73 
Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
71 
Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
69 
Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
66 
Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
65 
Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
63 
Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
63 
Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
54 
Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
53 
Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
72 
Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
61 
Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
45 
Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
42 
Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
39 
Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
33 
Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2016) $19.17 hourly, $39,860 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2014) 169,000 employees
Projected growth (2014-2024) Much faster than average (14% or higher) Much faster than average (14% or higher)
Projected job openings (2014-2024) 49,000
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2014)
Self-Employed (48% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2016 wage data external site and 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

  • Massage therapists external site. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2016-17 Edition.

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