Details Report for:
47-2211.00 - Sheet Metal Workers
Fabricate, assemble, install, and repair sheet metal products and equipment, such as ducts, control boxes, drainpipes, and furnace casings. Work may involve any of the following: setting up and operating fabricating machines to cut, bend, and straighten sheet metal; shaping metal over anvils, blocks, or forms using hammer; operating soldering and welding equipment to join sheet metal parts; or inspecting, assembling, and smoothing seams and joints of burred surfaces. Includes sheet metal duct installers who install prefabricated sheet metal ducts used for heating, air conditioning, or other purposes.
Sample of reported job titles: Field Installer; HVAC Sheet Metal Installer (Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning Sheet Metal Installer); Journeyman Sheet Metal Worker; Sheet Metal Apprentice; Sheet Metal Fabricator; Sheet Metal Foreman; Sheet Metal Installer; Sheet Metal Layout Mechanic; Sheet Metal Mechanic; Sheet Metal Worker
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
Tools used in this occupation:
- Adjustable widemouth pliers
- Adjustable wrenches
- Air velocity and temperature monitors — Draft gauges; Velometers
- Ammeters — Clamp-on ammeters; Microamp meters
- Angle grinder — Angle grinders
- Awls — Scratch awls
- Ball peen hammer — Ball peen hammers
- Bolt cutters
- C clamps
- Calipers — Vernier calipers
- Caulking guns
- Chalk lines
- Cold chisels
- Compasses — Beam compasses; Dividers; Trammel points
- Deburring tool — Burring machines
- Desktop computers
- Dial indicator or dial gauge — Dial indicators
- Dollies — Hand dollies
- Drill press or radial drill — Drill presses; Power presses
- Ear muffs
- End cut pliers — Side cutting pliers
- Explosimeters — Combustion analyzers
- Flowmeters — Calibrated flow hoods; Pitot tubes
- Furnace soldering machine — Soldering furnaces
- Gas welding or brazing or cutting apparatus — Oxyacetylene welding equipment
- Goggles — Safety goggles
- Hacksaw — Hacksaws
- Hammers — Bumping hammers; Setting hammers
- Hard hats
- Hex keys — Allen wrenches
- Hoists — Chain hoists; Hydraulic hoists
- Hydraulic hand crimp tool — Hand crimpers
- Hydraulic press brake — Computer controlled presses; Power brakes
- Hydraulic press frames — Hydraulic presses
- Hygrometers — Humidity sensors
- Impact wrenches — Electric impact wrenches
- Laser cutting machine — Laser cutters
- Laser printers
- Leak testing equipment — Smoke testers
- Level sensors or transmitters — Transit levels
- Levels — Laser levels; Spirit levels
- Locking pliers — Vise grip pliers
- Manometers — Inclined manometers; U-tube manometers
- Manual press brake — Hand brakes
- Metal band sawing machine — Bandsaws
- Metal cutters — Aviation snips; Hand notchers; Power notchers; V-notchers
- Metal folding machine — Bar folders; Box and pan brakes; Slip roll formers; Spiral duct machines (see all 6 examples)
- Metal inert gas welding machine — Metal inert gas MIG welders
- Mill saw file — Single-cut mill saw files
- Multimeters — Digital multimeters
- Nut drivers
- Oxygen gas analyzers — Oxygen testers
- Personal computers
- Pipe or tube cutter — Pipe cutters
- Pipe reamer — Pipe reamers
- Plasma arc welding machine — Plasma cutters; Portable plasma cutters
- Plumb bobs
- Pneumatic hammer — Pneumatic hammers; Riveting hammers
- Pneumatic impact wrenches
- Pneumatic riveter — Rivet presses
- Positioning jig — Jigs
- Power buffers — Polishers
- Power drills — Cordless drills; Electric drills; Hammer drills
- Power routers
- Power sanders
- Power saws — Circular saws; Cold-cut saws; Cutoff saws
- Pressure indicators — Magnehelic pressure gauges; Pressure gauges
- Protective coveralls — Protective clothing
- Protective gloves — Safety gloves
- Punches or nail sets or drifts — Center punches; Drifts; Hole punches; Rotary punches (see all 7 examples)
- Remote reading thermometers — Stack thermometers
- Rivet tools — Dimplers; Pneumatic riveters; Pop rivet guns; Riveting tools
- Rolling press — Beading machines
- Safety glasses
- Sawing machines — Computer controlled saws
- Scales — Scale rulers
- Shears — Power shears; Ring and circular shears; Squaring shears; Unishears (see all 5 examples)
- Sheet metal forming machine — Double seaming equipment
- Sheet metal grooving machine — Wiring machines
- Sheet metal pliers — Groovers; Seamers
- Single gas monitors — Carbon dioxide CO2 monitors
- Socket sets — Socket wrench sets
- Spot welding machine — Portable spot welders; Spot welders
- Squares — Framing squares; Set squares
- Stencils or lettering aids — Stencils
- Straight edges — Straightedges
- T squares
- Tachometers — Mechanical tachometers; Strobe tachometers
- Tape measures
- Thermographs — Tempscribes
- Threading dies — Pipe threaders
- Threading taps — Tap sets
- Tinners snips — Combination snips
- Trim press — Easy edgers
- Tungsten inert gas welding machine — Tungsten inert gas TIG welding equipment
- Turning machines
- Voltage or current meters — Millivolt meters
- Welding generator — AC welding power units; AC/DC welding power units
- Welding masks — Welding facial shields; Welding helmets
- Welding or cutting tip — Welding tips
- Wire cutters
Technology used in this occupation:
- Computer aided design CAD software — Autodesk AutoCAD ; Creo Parametric Pro/ENGINEER; UGS NX; XY Soft Sheet Cutting Suite (see all 9 examples)
- Computer aided manufacturing CAM software — Applied Production ProFab; JETCAM Expert; Striker Systems SS-Profile; WiCAM PN4000 (see all 5 examples)
- Data base user interface and query software — Data entry software
- Office suite software — Microsoft Office
- Operating system software — Microsoft Windows
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.
- Create construction or installation diagrams.
- Review blueprints or specifications to determine work requirements.
- Mark reference points on construction materials.
- Measure materials or objects for installation or assembly.
- Assemble products or production equipment.
- Weld metal components.
- Plan layout of construction, installation, or repairs.
- Smooth surfaces with abrasive materials or tools.
- Fabricate parts or components.
- Select construction materials.
- Position structural components.
- Inspect completed work to ensure proper installation.
- Move construction or extraction materials to locations where they are needed.
- Evaluate construction projects to determine compliance with external standards or regulations.
- Install building fixtures.
- Install plumbing or piping.
- Direct construction or extraction personnel.
- Train construction or extraction personnel.
- Maintain construction tools or equipment.
- Install roofing materials.
- Inspect industrial or commercial equipment to ensure proper operation.
- Install green structural components, equipment or systems.
|Title||Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed|
|Education||These occupations usually require a high school diploma.|
|Related Experience||Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include orderlies, forest firefighters, customer service representatives, security guards, upholsterers, and tellers.|
|SVP Range||(4.0 to < 6.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|60||High school diploma or equivalent|
|18||Less than high school diploma|
Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
|47-2021.00||Brickmasons and Blockmasons|
|47-2031.02||Rough Carpenters Bright Outlook|
|47-2051.00||Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers|
|47-2081.00||Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers|
|47-2152.01||Pipe Fitters and Steamfitters|
|47-2221.00||Structural Iron and Steel Workers|
|51-4192.00||Layout Workers, Metal and Plastic|
|51-9021.00||Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders|
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2015)||$21.99 hourly, $45,750 annual|
|Employment (2014)||141,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2014-2024)||Average (5% to 8%)|
|Projected job openings (2014-2024)||39,800|
|Top industries (2014)||
Construction (60% employed in this sector)
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data and 2014-2024 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Sheet metal workers . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2016-17 Edition.