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Details Report for:
35-2021.00 - Food Preparation Workers

Perform a variety of food preparation duties other than cooking, such as preparing cold foods and shellfish, slicing meat, and brewing coffee or tea.

Sample of reported job titles: Deli Clerk (Delicatessen Clerk), Diet Aide, Dietary Aide, Dietary Assistant, Food Preparer, Food Service Aide, Food Service Worker, Nutrition Aide, Pantry Cook, Slicer

View report: Summary  Details  Custom

Tasks  |  Technology Skills  |  Tools Used  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
94   Core
Clean and sanitize work areas, equipment, utensils, dishes, or silverware.
91   Core
Store food in designated containers and storage areas to prevent spoilage.
90   Core
Portion and wrap the food, or place it directly on plates for service to patrons.
89   Core
Take and record temperature of food and food storage areas, such as refrigerators and freezers.
89   Core
Prepare a variety of foods, such as meats, vegetables, or desserts, according to customers' orders or supervisors' instructions, following approved procedures.
87   Core
Place food trays over food warmers for immediate service, or store them in refrigerated storage cabinets.
87   Core
Package take-out foods or serve food to customers.
85   Core
Stock cupboards and refrigerators, and tend salad bars and buffet meals.
85   Core
Wash, peel, and cut various foods, such as fruits and vegetables, to prepare for cooking or serving.
84   Core
Carry food supplies, equipment, and utensils to and from storage and work areas.
84   Core
Distribute food to waiters and waitresses to serve to customers.
83   Core
Cut, slice or grind meat, poultry, and seafood to prepare for cooking.
83   Core
Remove trash and clean kitchen garbage containers.
82   Core
Receive and store food supplies, equipment, and utensils in refrigerators, cupboards, and other storage areas.
82   Core
Weigh or measure ingredients.
81   Core
Inform supervisors when equipment is not working properly and when food and supplies are getting low, and order needed items.
80   Core
Assist cooks and kitchen staff with various tasks as needed, and provide cooks with needed items.
80   Core
Add cutlery, napkins, food, and other items to trays on assembly lines in hospitals, cafeterias, airline kitchens, and similar establishments.
79   Core
Use manual or electric appliances to clean, peel, slice, and trim foods.
77   Core
Scrape leftovers from dishes into garbage containers.
73   Core
Load dishes, glasses, and tableware into dishwashing machines.
70   Core
Make special dressings and sauces as condiments for sandwiches.
69   Core
Mix ingredients for green salads, molded fruit salads, vegetable salads, and pasta salads.
93   Supplemental
Operate cash register, handle money, and give correct change.
88   Supplemental
Keep records of the quantities of food used.
84   Supplemental
Vacuum dining area and sweep and mop kitchen floor.
80   Supplemental
Assemble meal trays with foods in accordance with patients' diets.
77   Supplemental
Distribute menus to hospital patients, collect diet sheets, and deliver food trays and snacks to nursing units or directly to patients.
75   Supplemental
Stir and strain soups and sauces.
72   Supplemental
Butcher and clean fowl, fish, poultry, and shellfish to prepare for cooking or serving.
71   Supplemental
Prepare and serve a variety of beverages such as coffee, tea, and soft drinks.

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Technology Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Data base user interface and query software — CBORD NetRecipe; Culinary Software Services ChefTec; MicroBlast Recipe Wizard for Windows; ValuSoft MasterCook (see all 11 examples)
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel Hot technology

Hot technology Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.

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Tools Used   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Belt conveyors
  • Cappuccino or espresso machines — Cappuccino machines; Espresso machines
  • Carbonated beverage dispenser — Soda machines
  • Commercial use blenders — Blenders
  • Commercial use broilers — Charbroilers
  • Commercial use coffee grinders — Coffee grinders
  • Commercial use coffee or iced tea makers — Coffee brewing machines
  • Commercial use cotton candy machines or accessories — Cotton candy machines
  • Commercial use cutlery — Knives
  • Commercial use deep fryers — Electric fryers
  • Commercial use dishwashers — Commercial dishwashers; Dishwashing machines
  • Commercial use dough machines — Dough mixers
  • Commercial use food choppers or cubers or dicers — Choppers; Dicers
  • Commercial use food grinders — Electric meat grinders
  • Commercial use food processors — Food processors
  • Commercial use food slicers — Bread slicers; Electric meat and cheese slicers; Tomato slicers
  • Commercial use food warmers — Steam tables
  • Commercial use griddles — Griddles
  • Commercial use grills — Grills
  • Commercial use measuring cups — Measuring utensils
  • Commercial use microwave ovens — Commercial microwave ovens
  • Commercial use mixers — Commercial stand mixers; Mixing machines
  • Commercial use ovens — Brick ovens; Commercial cooking ovens
  • Commercial use pizza ovens — Pizza ovens
  • Commercial use popcorn machines — Popcorn machines
  • Commercial use ranges — Commercial ranges
  • Commercial use rotisseries — Electronic chicken rotisseries
  • Commercial use scales — Combination slicers/electronic portion scales; Food scales; Point of sale POS interface scales; Thermal label printing scales
  • Commercial use steamers — Pressureless steamers
  • Commercial use toasters — Toasters
  • Commercial use woks — Oriental ranges
  • Ice dispensers — Ice machines
  • Ice shaver machines or accessories — Snow cone machines
  • Milkshake machines — Milkshake and smoothie machines
  • Non carbonated beverage dispenser — Drink dispensers
  • Personal computers
  • Point of sale POS terminal — Point of sale POS systems
  • Roasting machinery — Roasting equipment
  • Slush machines — Frozen drink machines
  • Soft serve machines — Frozen custard machines; Soft-serve ice cream machines

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
85 
Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
55 
Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
50 
Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
48 
English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
48 
Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
45 
Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
42 
Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
42 
Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
40 
Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
39 
Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
36 
Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
35 
Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
35 
Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
34 
Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
32 
Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
32 
Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
30 
Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
30 
Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
29 
Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
28 
Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
22 
Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
22 
Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
22 
Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
20 
Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
19 
Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
17 
Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
17 
Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
16 
Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
16 
Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
16 
Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
15 
Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
14 
History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
13 
Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
50 
Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
50 
Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
50 
Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
50 
Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
50 
Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
50 
Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
47 
Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
47 
Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
41 
Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
41 
Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
35 
Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
35 
Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
35 
Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
31 
Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
31 
Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
31 
Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
31 
Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
31 
Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
28 
Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
28 
Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
28 
Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
28 
Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
25 
Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
25 
Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
22 
Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
16 
Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
10 
Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
3 
Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
3 
Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
3 
Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
0 
Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
0 
Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
0 
Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
0 
Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
0 
Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
56 
Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
53 
Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
53 
Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
53 
Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
50 
Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
50 
Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
50 
Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
50 
Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
50 
Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
47 
Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
47 
Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
44 
Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
44 
Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
44 
Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
44 
Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
44 
Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
41 
Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
38 
Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
38 
Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
35 
Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
35 
Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
35 
Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
31 
Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
31 
Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
31 
Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
31 
Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
28 
Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
28 
Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
28 
Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
28 
Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
28 
Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
28 
Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
25 
Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
25 
Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
25 
Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
25 
Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
25 
Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
25 
Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
25 
Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
25 
Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
25 
Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
25 
Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
19 
Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
16 
Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
16 
Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
13 
Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
6 
Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
3 
Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
0 
Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
0 
Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
0 
Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
0 
Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
76 
Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
71 
Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
67 
Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
67 
Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
67 
Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
65 
Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
63 
Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
63 
Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
62 
Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
62 
Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
62 
Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
61 
Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
60 
Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
60 
Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
60 
Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
59 
Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
58 
Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
58 
Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
58 
Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
58 
Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
57 
Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
56 
Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
53 
Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
51 
Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
49 
Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
49 
Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
49 
Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
48 
Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
46 
Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
45 
Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
45 
Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
42 
Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
41 
Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
39 
Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
38 
Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
36 
Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
36 
Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
28 
Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
27 
Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
25 
Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
25 
Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.

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Detailed Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Clean food preparation areas, facilities, or equipment.
  • Clean tableware.
  • Operate cash registers.
  • Process customer bills or payments.
  • Store supplies or goods in kitchens or storage areas.
  • Arrange food for serving.
  • Package food or supplies.
  • Cook foods.
  • Assess equipment functioning.
  • Record operational or production data.
  • Serve food or beverages.
  • Prepare foods for cooking or serving.
  • Stock serving stations or dining areas with food or supplies.
  • Move equipment, supplies or food to required locations.
  • Clean food service areas.
  • Cut cooked or raw foods.
  • Remove trash.
  • Measure ingredients.
  • Assist chefs or caterers with food or drink preparation.
  • Present food or beverage information or menus to customers.
  • Prepare hot or cold beverages.
  • Mix ingredients.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context

Percentage of Top Responses
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


76     Continually or almost continually
20     About half the time
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


77     Every day
15     Once a year or more but not every month
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


66     Extremely important
21     Very important
12     Fairly important
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


58     Extremely important
21     Very important
19     Important
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


76     Constant contact with others
12     No contact with others
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


68     Extremely important
20     Important
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


54     Every day
30     Once a week or more but not every day
15     Once a year or more but not every month
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


44     Extremely important
35     Very important
20     Important
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


52     Very high responsibility
18     High responsibility
27     Moderate responsibility
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


36     Continually or almost continually
41     More than half the time
20     Less than half the time
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


61     Every day
20     Never
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


68     Every day
27     Never
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


64     Every day
20     Once a year or more but not every month
16     Never
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


47     Very close (near touching)
21     Moderately close (at arm's length)
15     I work with others but not closely (e.g., private office)
12     I don't work near other people (beyond 100 ft.)
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


62     Continually or almost continually
21     Less than half the time
15     Never
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


34     Extremely important
30     Very important
22     Fairly important
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


33     Very high responsibility
19     High responsibility
33     Moderate responsibility
13     Limited responsibility
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


48     Every day
16     Once a month or more but not every week
19     Never
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


47     Continually or almost continually
17     About half the time
21     Less than half the time
12     Never
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


37     A lot of freedom
19     Some freedom
21     Very little freedom
17     No freedom
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


33     Every day
14     Once a week or more but not every day
22     Once a month or more but not every week
12     Once a year or more but not every month
18     Never
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — What results do your decisions usually have on other people or the image or reputation or financial resources of your employer?


39     Very important results
13     Important results
20     Minor results
21     No results
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


32     Continually or almost continually
17     More than half the time
41     Less than half the time
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


13     A lot of freedom
42     Some freedom
18     Very little freedom
18     No freedom
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


40     Every day
15     Once a year or more but not every month
32     Never
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


18     Extremely important
18     Very important
27     Important
15     Fairly important
22     Not important at all
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


28     Every day
18     Once a week or more but not every day
12     Once a month or more but not every week
36     Never
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


32     Every day
14     Once a month or more but not every week
44     Never
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


32     Highly competitive
31     Moderately competitive
16     Slightly competitive
20     Not at all competitive
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


22     Extremely serious
19     Serious
27     Fairly serious
26     Not serious at all
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


31     Every day
55     Never
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


14     Completely automated
23     Moderately automated
29     Slightly automated
28     Not at all automated
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


23     Every day
17     Once a year or more but not every month
46     Never
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


24     Every day
21     Once a year or more but not every month
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


17     More than half the time
17     About half the time
39     Less than half the time
26     Never
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


23     Every day
23     Once a year or more but not every month
52     Never
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


18     Every day
16     Once a year or more but not every month
58     Never
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


17     Every day
36     Once a year or more but not every month
45     Never
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


13     Every day
33     Once a year or more but not every month
47     Never
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


21     Every day
79     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


11     Every day
12     Once a week or more but not every day
77     Never
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


12     Every day
14     Once a month or more but not every week
72     Never
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


11     More than 40 hours
15     40 hours
74     Less than 40 hours
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


11     Every day
87     Never
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


15     Once a month or more but not every week
75     Never
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


23     Irregular (changes with weather conditions, production demands, or contract duration)
77     Regular (established routine, set schedule)
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


18     Less than half the time
71     Never
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


16     About half the time
80     Never
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


32     Less than half the time
68     Never
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


14     Once a month or more but not every week
86     Never
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


93     Never
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


93     Never
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


14     Once a year or more but not every month
86     Never
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


100     Never
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


100     Never
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


100     Never
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


100     Never

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone One: Little or No Preparation Needed
Education Some of these occupations may require a high school diploma or GED certificate.
Related Experience Little or no previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, a person can become a waiter or waitress even if he/she has never worked before.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few days to a few months of training. Usually, an experienced worker could show you how to do the job.
Job Zone Examples These occupations involve following instructions and helping others. Examples include counter and rental clerks, dishwashers, cashiers, landscaping and groundskeeping workers, logging equipment operators, and baristas.
SVP Range (Below 4.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
45   High school diploma or equivalent Help
38   Less than high school diploma
13   Post-master's certificate Help

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Credentials

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
95 
Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
83 
Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
28 
Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
28 
Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
11 
Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
6 
Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
77 
Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
76 
Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
76 
Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
73 
Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
72 
Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
70 
Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
70 
Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
67 
Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
66 
Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
65 
Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
64 
Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
63 
Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
63 
Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
62 
Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
54 
Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
50 
Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
61 
Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
61 
Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
17 
Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
11 
Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
11 
Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
11 
Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2016) $10.31 hourly, $21,440 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2014) 874,000 employees
Projected growth (2014-2024) Average (5% to 8%) Average (5% to 8%)
Projected job openings (2014-2024) 298,300
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2014)
Accommodation and Food Services (58% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2016 wage data external site and 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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