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Details Report for:
51-4012.00 - Computer Numerically Controlled Machine Tool Programmers, Metal and Plastic

Develop programs to control machining or processing of metal or plastic parts by automatic machine tools, equipment, or systems.

Sample of reported job titles: CAD CAM Programmer (Computer-Aided Design Computer-Aided Manufacturing Programmer), Computer Numerical Control Machine Operator (CNC Machine Operator), Computer Numerical Control Machining Center Operator (CNC Machining Center Operator), Computer Numerical Control Machinist (CNC Machinist), Computer Numerical Control Operator (CNC Operator), Computer Numerical Control Programmer (CNC Programmer), Machine Shop Lead Man, Machining Manager, Process Engineer, Programmer

View report: Summary  Details  Custom

Tasks  |  Technology Skills  |  Tools Used  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
85   Core
Write programs in the language of a machine's controller and store programs on media such as punch tapes, magnetic tapes, or disks.
85   Core
Determine the sequence of machine operations, and select the proper cutting tools needed to machine workpieces into the desired shapes.
81   Core
Revise programs or tapes to eliminate errors, and retest programs to check that problems have been solved.
81   Core
Analyze job orders, drawings, blueprints, specifications, printed circuit board pattern films, and design data to calculate dimensions, tool selection, machine speeds, and feed rates.
81   Core
Write instruction sheets and cutter lists for a machine's controller to guide setup and encode numerical control tapes.
78   Core
Observe machines on trial runs or conduct computer simulations to ensure that programs and machinery will function properly and produce items that meet specifications.
75   Core
Enter computer commands to store or retrieve parts patterns, graphic displays, or programs that transfer data to other media.
75   Core
Modify existing programs to enhance efficiency.
73   Core
Determine reference points, machine cutting paths, or hole locations, and compute angular and linear dimensions, radii, and curvatures.
72   Core
Sort shop orders into groups to maximize materials utilization and minimize machine setup time.
70   Core
Compare encoded tapes or computer printouts with original part specifications and blueprints to verify accuracy of instructions.
68   Core
Perform preventative maintenance or minor repairs on machines.
76   Supplemental
Prepare geometric layouts from graphic displays, using computer-assisted drafting software or drafting instruments and graph paper.
73   Supplemental
Draw machine tool paths on pattern film, using colored markers and following guidelines for tool speed and efficiency.
71   Supplemental
Enter coordinates of hole locations into program memories by depressing pedals or buttons of programmers.
57   Supplemental
Align and secure pattern film on reference tables of optical programmers, and observe enlarger scope views of printed circuit boards.

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Technology Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Computer aided design CAD software Hot technology — Autodesk AutoCAD Hot technology ; Dassault Systemes CATIA Hot technology ; Dassault Systemes SolidWorks; PTC Creo Parametric Hot technology
  • Computer aided manufacturing CAM software Hot technology — 1CadCam Unigraphics; Delcam PowerMill; Vero Software VISI; Vero Software WorkNC (see all 59 examples)
  • Enterprise application integration software — Extensible markup language XML Hot technology
  • Enterprise resource planning ERP software Hot technology
  • Object or component oriented development software — G code; M code
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office
  • Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint Hot technology
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel Hot technology
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word

Hot technology Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.

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Tools Used   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Angle gauge — Digital angle gauges
  • Automatic lathe or chucking machine — Computer numerically controlled CNC lathes
  • Calipers — Digital calipers; Vernier calipers
  • Comparators — Optical comparators
  • Coordinate measuring machines CMM — Coodinate meauring machines CMM
  • Dial indicator or dial gauge — Dial indicators
  • Drill press or radial drill — Drill presses
  • Height gauges — Digital height gauges
  • Hole gauge — Bore gauges
  • Metallurgical microscopes — Toolmaker's microscope
  • Micrometers — Digital micrometers
  • Pin gauge — Pin gauge sets
  • Precision surface plate — Precision surface plates
  • Profile gauge — Transfer gages
  • Protractors — Vernier bevel protractors
  • Radius gauge — Fillet gauges
  • Sine bar — Sine bars
  • Squares — Adjustable squares
  • Thickness measuring devices — Thickness gauges
  • Thread pitch gauge — Screw pitch gauges
  • Traveling column milling machine — Vertical computer numerically controlled CNC milling machines
  • Turret lathe — Vertical turret lathes VTL
  • Vertical turning center — Vertical boring mills
  • Wire gauge — Wire gauges

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
78 
Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
77 
Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
73 
Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
71 
Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
69 
Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
69 
Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
54 
English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
52 
Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
50 
Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
44 
Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
42 
Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
41 
Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
36 
Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
30 
Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
29 
Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
27 
Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
24 
Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
22 
Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
21 
Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
19 
Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
19 
Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
18 
Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
16 
Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
14 
Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
14 
Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
13 
Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
13 
History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
13 
Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
12 
Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
12 
Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
12 
Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
10 
Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
10 
Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
78 
Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
63 
Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
60 
Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
56 
Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
56 
Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
56 
Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
56 
Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
56 
Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
56 
Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
56 
Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
56 
Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
53 
Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
53 
Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
50 
Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
50 
Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
50 
Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
50 
Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
50 
Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
50 
Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
50 
Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
47 
Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
44 
Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
44 
Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
44 
Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
41 
Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
38 
Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
35 
Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
35 
Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
35 
Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
35 
Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
31 
Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
28 
Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
22 
Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
19 
Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
3 
Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
72 
Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
72 
Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
69 
Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
69 
Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
63 
Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
60 
Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
56 
Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
56 
Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
56 
Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
56 
Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
56 
Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
56 
Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
56 
Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
53 
Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
53 
Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
53 
Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
50 
Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
50 
Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
50 
Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
50 
Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
50 
Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
50 
Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
50 
Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
47 
Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
47 
Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
47 
Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
47 
Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
47 
Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
44 
Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
44 
Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
44 
Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
41 
Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
41 
Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
38 
Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
38 
Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
35 
Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
35 
Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
35 
Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
31 
Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
28 
Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
28 
Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
25 
Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
25 
Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
19 
Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
19 
Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
16 
Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
10 
Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
3 
Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
0 
Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
0 
Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
0 
Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
0 
Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
87 
Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
85 
Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
85 
Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
82 
Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
79 
Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
79 
Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
74 
Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
74 
Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
72 
Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
72 
Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
71 
Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
71 
Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
70 
Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
69 
Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
68 
Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
64 
Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
62 
Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
61 
Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
61 
Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
58 
Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
58 
Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
57 
Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
55 
Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
54 
Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
54 
Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
53 
Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
51 
Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
50 
Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
49 
Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
49 
Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
47 
Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
47 
Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
46 
Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
42 
Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
41 
Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
30 
Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
29 
Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
28 
Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
25 
Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
16 
Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
12 
Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.

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Detailed Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Program equipment to perform production tasks.
  • Determine production equipment settings.
  • Select production equipment according to product specifications.
  • Study blueprints or other instructions to determine equipment setup requirements.
  • Conduct test runs of production equipment.
  • Create diagrams or blueprints for workpieces or products.
  • Enter commands, instructions, or specifications into equipment.
  • Calculate dimensions of workpieces, products, or equipment.
  • Draw guide lines or markings on materials or workpieces using patterns or other references.
  • Plan production or operational procedures or sequences.
  • Perform basic equipment maintenance.
  • Mount materials or workpieces onto production equipment.
  • Position patterns on equipment, materials, or workpieces.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context

Percentage of Top Responses
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


84     Every day
11     Once a week or more but not every day
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


76     Extremely important
21     Very important
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


89     Every day
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


47     A lot of freedom
34     Some freedom
18     Limited freedom
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


55     More than 40 hours
45     40 hours
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


73     Every day
17     Never
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


55     Every day
14     Once a week or more but not every day
20     Once a month or more but not every week
11     Never
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


49     Extremely important
25     Very important
17     Important
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


59     Every day
11     Once a week or more but not every day
13     Never
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


24     A lot of freedom
57     Some freedom
12     Limited freedom
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


47     Constant contact with others
21     Contact with others most of the time
13     Occasional contact with others
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


19     Every day
48     Once a week or more but not every day
31     Once a month or more but not every week
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


42     Every day
35     Once a week or more but not every day
22     Never
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


49     Continually or almost continually
18     About half the time
13     Less than half the time
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


41     Every day
32     Once a week or more but not every day
17     Never
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — What results do your decisions usually have on other people or the image or reputation or financial resources of your employer?


36     Very important results
18     Important results
18     Moderate results
28     Minor results
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


35     Very high responsibility
19     High responsibility
31     Moderate responsibility
12     No responsibility
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


37     Every day
24     Once a week or more but not every day
20     Once a month or more but not every week
19     Never
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


16     Extremely important
43     Very important
15     Important
20     Fairly important
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


39     More than half the time
42     About half the time
11     Less than half the time
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


24     Extremely important
48     Important
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


29     Moderately close (at arm's length)
70     Slightly close (e.g., shared office)
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


24     Extremely serious
20     Very serious
21     Serious
24     Fairly serious
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


43     Very important
33     Important
18     Not important at all
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


32     Every day
21     Once a week or more but not every day
21     Once a year or more but not every month
23     Never
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


37     Every day
16     Once a month or more but not every week
12     Once a year or more but not every month
28     Never
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


14     Very high responsibility
44     Moderate responsibility
16     Limited responsibility
15     No responsibility
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


37     More than half the time
16     About half the time
40     Less than half the time
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


11     Every day
26     Once a week or more but not every day
29     Once a month or more but not every week
33     Never
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


23     Once a week or more but not every day
13     Once a month or more but not every week
43     Once a year or more but not every month
13     Never
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


13     Extremely competitive
18     Highly competitive
21     Moderately competitive
22     Slightly competitive
26     Not at all competitive
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


34     About half the time
31     Less than half the time
12     Never
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


20     Extremely important
13     Very important
12     Important
20     Fairly important
35     Not important at all
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


18     More than half the time
22     About half the time
49     Less than half the time
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


25     Highly automated
32     Moderately automated
17     Slightly automated
26     Not at all automated
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


41     Once a week or more but not every day
12     Once a year or more but not every month
44     Never
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


11     Once a week or more but not every day
24     Once a month or more but not every week
55     Once a year or more but not every month
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


46     Once a year or more but not every month
30     Never
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


22     Every day
71     Never
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


14     About half the time
43     Less than half the time
41     Never
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


17     Once a month or more but not every week
68     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


21     Once a year or more but not every month
63     Never
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


20     Once a month or more but not every week
20     Once a year or more but not every month
60     Never
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


17     Once a week or more but not every day
73     Never
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


29     Irregular (changes with weather conditions, production demands, or contract duration)
71     Regular (established routine, set schedule)
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


11     Every day
83     Never
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


11     Once a month or more but not every week
11     Once a year or more but not every month
74     Never
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


33     Once a year or more but not every month
67     Never
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


29     Less than half the time
71     Never
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


21     Less than half the time
79     Never
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


16     Once a year or more but not every month
84     Never
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


94     Never
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


11     Once a year or more but not every month
89     Never
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


97     Never
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


97     Never
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


100     Never
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


100     Never

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
Education Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
Related Experience Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, travel guides, electricians, agricultural technicians, barbers, nannies, and medical assistants.
SVP Range (6.0 to < 7.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
41   Post-secondary certificate Help
24   High school diploma or equivalent Help
19   Associate's degree

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Credentials

Find Training Find Certifications Find Apprenticeships

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
83 
Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
83 
Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
78 
Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
17 
Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
11 
Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
6 
Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
89 
Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
78 
Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
77 
Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
75 
Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
72 
Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
67 
Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
67 
Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
67 
Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
66 
Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
65 
Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
65 
Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
64 
Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
58 
Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
55 
Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
53 
Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
50 
Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
67 
Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
61 
Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
61 
Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
50 
Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
47 
Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
45 
Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2016) $24.32 hourly, $50,580 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2014) 25,000 employees
Projected growth (2014-2024) Much faster than average (14% or higher) Much faster than average (14% or higher)
Projected job openings (2014-2024) 12,400
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2014)
Manufacturing (94% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2016 wage data external site and 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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