Skip navigation

Details Report for:
15-1199.03 - Web Administrators

Manage web environment design, deployment, development and maintenance activities. Perform testing and quality assurance of web sites and web applications.

Sample of reported job titles: Corporate Webmaster, Information Technology Manager (IT Manager), Web Site Manager

View report: Summary  Details  Custom

Tasks  |  Technology Skills  |  Tools Used  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
88   Core
Back up or modify applications and related data to provide for disaster recovery.
77   Core
Determine sources of Web page or server problems, and take action to correct such problems.
72   Core
Review or update Web page content or links in a timely manner, using appropriate tools.
71   Core
Monitor systems for intrusions or denial of service attacks, and report security breaches to appropriate personnel.
70   Core
Implement Web site security measures, such as firewalls or message encryption.
68   Core
Administer internet or intranet infrastructure, including Web, file, and mail servers.
68   Core
Collaborate with development teams to discuss, analyze, or resolve usability issues.
68   Core
Test backup or recovery plans regularly and resolve any problems.
65   Core
Monitor Web developments through continuing education, reading, or participation in professional conferences, workshops, or groups.
64   Core
Implement updates, upgrades, and patches in a timely manner to limit loss of service.
63   Core
Identify or document backup or recovery plans.
61   Core
Collaborate with Web developers to create and operate internal and external Web sites, or to manage projects, such as e-marketing campaigns.
61   Core
Install or configure Web server software or hardware to ensure that directory structure is well-defined, logical, and secure, and that files are named properly.
58   Core
Gather, analyze, or document user feedback to locate or resolve sources of problems.
57   Core
Develop Web site performance metrics.
57   Core
Identify or address interoperability requirements.
57   Core
Document installation or configuration procedures to allow maintenance and repetition.
56   Core
Identify, standardize, and communicate levels of access and security.
56   Core
Track, compile, and analyze Web site usage data.
55   Core
Test issues such as system integration, performance, and system security on a regular schedule or after any major program modifications.
55   Core
Recommend Web site improvements, and develop budgets to support recommendations.
55   Core
Inform Web site users of problems, problem resolutions, or application changes and updates.
54   Core
Document application and Web site changes or change procedures.
54   Core
Develop or implement procedures for ongoing Web site revision.
54   Core
Provide training or technical assistance in Web site implementation or use.
53   Core
Perform user testing or usage analyses to determine Web sites' effectiveness or usability.
52   Core
Evaluate or recommend server hardware or software.
51   Core
Correct testing-identified problems, or recommend actions for their resolution.
50   Core
Develop or document style guidelines for Web site content.
55   Supplemental
Develop and implement marketing plans for home pages, including print advertising or advertisement rotation.
48   Supplemental
Check and analyze operating system or application log files regularly to verify proper system performance.
47   Supplemental
Set up or maintain monitoring tools on Web servers or Web sites.
47   Supplemental
Develop testing routines and procedures.
44   Supplemental
Evaluate testing routines or procedures for adequacy, sufficiency, and effectiveness.
37   Supplemental
Test new software packages for use in Web operations or other applications.

Find occupations related to multiple tasks

back to top

Technology Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Access software — Citrix Hot technology
  • Analytical or scientific software — Google Analytics Hot technology ; SAS Hot technology ; WebTrends Analytics
  • Application server software — Apache Webserver; Microsoft Virtual Server; Oracle WebLogic Server Hot technology ; Red Hat WildFly Hot technology (see all 6 examples)
  • Business intelligence and data analysis software — Oracle Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition Hot technology
  • Content workflow software — OpenText Livelink ECM; Vignette Content Management
  • Data base user interface and query software — Microsoft Access Hot technology ; MySQL Hot technology ; Oracle JDBC Hot technology ; Structured query language SQL Hot technology (see all 5 examples)
  • Desktop publishing software — Adobe Systems Adobe InDesign Hot technology ; Adobe Systems Adobe PageMaker
  • Development environment software — Adobe Systems Adobe ActionScript Hot technology ; Microsoft .NET Framework Hot technology ; Microsoft Visual Basic Scripting Edition VBScript Hot technology ; Tool command language Tcl (see all 5 examples)
  • Document management software — Adobe Systems Adobe Acrobat Hot technology
  • Electronic mail software — Email software; Microsoft Exchange
  • Enterprise application integration software — Common gateway interface CGI; Extensible markup language XML Hot technology ; Extensible stylesheet language XSL; IBM WebSphere Hot technology
  • Enterprise resource planning ERP software Hot technology — Oracle Fusion Applications Hot technology
  • Graphics or photo imaging software — Adobe Systems Adobe FreeHand; Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop Hot technology ; Corel CorelDraw Graphics Suite; Microsoft Visio Hot technology (see all 7 examples)
  • Internet browser software — Apple Safari; Microsoft Internet Explorer; Mozilla Firefox
  • Internet directory services software — Berkeley Internet Domain Name BIND; Microsoft Active Directory; Microsoft DNS Server
  • Music or sound editing software — Sony Sound Forge
  • Network conferencing software — Microsoft Office SharePoint Server MOSS
  • Network security and virtual private network VPN equipment software — Firewall software; Juniper Networks NetScreen-Security Manager
  • Network security or virtual private network VPN management software — CA SiteMinder
  • Object or component oriented development software — Embarcadero Delphi; Microsoft ActiveX Hot technology ; Practical extraction and reporting language Perl Hot technology ; Python Hot technology (see all 5 examples)
  • Object oriented data base management software — PostgreSQL Hot technology
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office
  • Operating system software — KornShell Hot technology ; Linux Hot technology ; Oracle Solaris Hot technology ; Red Hat Enterprise Linux Hot technology (see all 7 examples)
  • Portal server software — Apache HTTP Server Hot technology ; Vignette Portal
  • Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint Hot technology
  • Project management software — Microsoft Project Hot technology ; Oracle Primavera Enterprise Project Portfolio Management Hot technology
  • Sales and marketing software — Google AdWords Hot technology
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel Hot technology
  • Storage networking software — Storage area network SAN software
  • Switch or router software — Router software; Switch software
  • Transaction security and virus protection software — SSL
  • Transaction server software — Customer information control system CICS Hot technology ; Microsoft Internet Information Service IIS
  • Video creation and editing software — Adobe Systems Adobe Director; Sorenson Media Sorenson Squeeze
  • Web page creation and editing software — Adobe Systems Adobe Dreamweaver Hot technology ; Adobe Systems Adobe Flash Player; Adobe Systems Adobe Macromedia HomeSite; Salesforce Marketing Cloud (see all 5 examples)
  • Web platform development software — Apache Struts Hot technology ; Joomla; jQuery Hot technology ; PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor Hot technology (see all 17 examples)
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word

Hot technology Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.

back to top

Tools Used   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Computer servers — Web servers
  • Desktop computers
  • Notebook computers — Laptop computers
  • Personal computers
  • Scanners — Computer data input scanners

back to top

Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
86 
Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
65 
English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
59 
Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
58 
Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
58 
Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
54 
Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
49 
Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
49 
Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
44 
Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
44 
Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
43 
Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
41 
Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
36 
Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
35 
Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
30 
Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
27 
Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
23 
Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
21 
Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
19 
Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
17 
Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
17 
Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
11 
Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
11 
Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
11 
Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
7 
Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
6 
Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
6 
History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
5 
Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
2 
Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
2 
Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
1 
Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
1 
Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
0 
Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.

back to top

Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
75 
Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
69 
Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
69 
Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
66 
Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
63 
Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
63 
Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
60 
Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
56 
Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
56 
Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
56 
Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
56 
Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
56 
Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
53 
Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
53 
Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
53 
Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
50 
Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
47 
Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
47 
Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
47 
Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
47 
Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
44 
Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
44 
Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
41 
Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
41 
Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
35 
Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
35 
Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
31 
Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
28 
Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
19 
Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
19 
Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
19 
Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
16 
Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
13 
Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
6 
Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
3 
Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.

back to top

Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
72 
Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
72 
Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
72 
Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
69 
Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
69 
Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
69 
Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
66 
Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
63 
Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
60 
Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
60 
Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
56 
Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
56 
Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
56 
Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
53 
Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
53 
Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
50 
Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
47 
Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
44 
Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
44 
Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
41 
Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
41 
Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
41 
Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
38 
Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
38 
Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
38 
Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
35 
Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
35 
Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
31 
Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
28 
Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
25 
Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
22 
Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
16 
Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
6 
Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
3 
Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
3 
Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
3 
Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
0 
Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
0 
Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
0 
Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
0 
Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
0 
Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
0 
Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
0 
Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
0 
Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
0 
Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
0 
Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
0 
Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
0 
Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
0 
Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
0 
Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
0 
Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
0 
Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.

back to top

Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
100 
Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
87 
Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
79 
Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
77 
Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
77 
Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
75 
Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
73 
Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
72 
Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
71 
Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
71 
Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
69 
Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
63 
Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
63 
Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
60 
Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
58 
Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
58 
Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
58 
Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
57 
Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
54 
Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
51 
Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
50 
Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
50 
Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
49 
Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
49 
Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
47 
Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
46 
Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
45 
Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
40 
Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
40 
Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
40 
Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
39 
Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
36 
Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
34 
Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
29 
Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
27 
Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
24 
Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
16 
Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
14 
Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
11 
Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
8 
Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
3 
Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.

back to top

Detailed Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

  • Create electronic data backup to prevent loss of information.
  • Modify software programs to improve performance.
  • Resolve computer software problems.
  • Update website content.
  • Collaborate with others to resolve information technology issues.
  • Monitor the security of digital information.
  • Implement security measures for computer or information systems.
  • Maintain computer networks to enhance performance and user access.
  • Maintain contingency plans for disaster recovery.
  • Update knowledge about emerging industry or technology trends.
  • Document operational procedures.
  • Collaborate with others to develop or implement marketing strategies.
  • Install computer hardware.
  • Install computer software.
  • Analyze data to identify or resolve operational problems.
  • Document operational activities.
  • Develop performance metrics or standards related to information technology.
  • Identify information technology project resource requirements.
  • Analyze website or related online data to track trends or usage.
  • Develop computer or information security policies or procedures.
  • Provide technical support for software maintenance or use.
  • Recommend changes to improve computer or information systems.
  • Test computer system operations to ensure proper functioning.
  • Manage budgets for appropriate resource allocation.
  • Implement advertising or marketing initiatives.
  • Develop specifications or procedures for website development or maintenance.
  • Train others in computer interface or software use.
  • Evaluate utility of software or hardware technologies.
  • Provide recommendations to others about computer hardware.
  • Document design or development procedures.
  • Develop testing routines or procedures.
  • Design websites or web applications.
  • Test software performance.

Find occupations related to multiple detailed work activities

back to top

Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context

Percentage of Top Responses
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


96     Every day
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


87     Every day
13     Once a week or more but not every day
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


74     Continually or almost continually
26     More than half the time
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


74     Every day
22     Once a week or more but not every day
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


43     Every day
52     Once a week or more but not every day
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


43     Extremely important
43     Very important
13     Important
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


55     Continually or almost continually
27     More than half the time
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


26     A lot of freedom
70     Some freedom
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


30     A lot of freedom
57     Some freedom
13     Limited freedom
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


39     Every day
43     Once a week or more but not every day
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


43     Extremely important
22     Very important
30     Important
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


48     More than 40 hours
52     40 hours
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


43     Every day
22     Once a week or more but not every day
17     Once a month or more but not every week
13     Once a year or more but not every month
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — What results do your decisions usually have on other people or the image or reputation or financial resources of your employer?


26     Very important results
43     Important results
22     Moderate results
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


13     Extremely competitive
52     Highly competitive
30     Moderately competitive
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


17     Extremely important
52     Very important
17     Important
13     Fairly important
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


52     Continually or almost continually
13     Less than half the time
22     Never
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


17     Every day
35     Once a week or more but not every day
22     Once a month or more but not every week
22     Once a year or more but not every month
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


35     Contact with others most of the time
43     Contact with others about half the time
17     Occasional contact with others
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


22     Very important
65     Important
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


30     Very important
26     Important
26     Fairly important
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


35     High responsibility
35     Moderate responsibility
26     Limited responsibility
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


13     Once a week or more but not every day
52     Once a month or more but not every week
30     Once a year or more but not every month
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


48     Slightly close (e.g., shared office)
39     I work with others but not closely (e.g., private office)
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


17     Every day
22     Once a week or more but not every day
17     Once a month or more but not every week
35     Never
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


17     Once a week or more but not every day
35     Once a month or more but not every week
35     Once a year or more but not every month
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


22     Highly automated
43     Moderately automated
17     Slightly automated
17     Not at all automated
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


26     Serious
43     Fairly serious
13     Not serious at all
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


26     Once a month or more but not every week
48     Once a year or more but not every month
22     Never
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


65     Less than half the time
30     Never
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


48     Limited responsibility
48     No responsibility
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


23     Irregular (changes with weather conditions, production demands, or contract duration)
77     Regular (established routine, set schedule)
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


26     Once a year or more but not every month
65     Never
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


26     Less than half the time
70     Never
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


17     Once a year or more but not every month
78     Never
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


36     Less than half the time
64     Never
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


13     Once a month or more but not every week
83     Never
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


13     Once a year or more but not every month
83     Never
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


33     Less than half the time
67     Never
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


26     Once a year or more but not every month
74     Never
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


17     Fairly important
83     Not important at all
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


17     Less than half the time
83     Never
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


13     Once a year or more but not every month
87     Never
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


91     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


91     Never
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


91     Never
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


91     Never
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


91     Never
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


96     Never
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


96     Never
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


95     Never
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


96     Never
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


96     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


100     Never
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


100     Never
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


100     Never
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


100     Never

back to top

Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
Education Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
Related Experience Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, travel guides, electricians, agricultural technicians, barbers, nannies, and medical assistants.
SVP Range (6.0 to < 7.0)

back to top

Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
39   Bachelor's degree
26   Post-secondary certificate Help
13   Some college, no degree

back to top

Credentials

Find Training Find Certifications

back to top

Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
89 
Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
61 
Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
56 
Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
50 
Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
17 
Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
0 
Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

back to top

Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
88 
Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
82 
Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
76 
Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
75 
Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
74 
Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
72 
Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
72 
Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
72 
Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
71 
Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
71 
Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
69 
Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
66 
Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
59 
Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
57 
Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
48 
Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
32 
Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

back to top

Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
78 
Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
78 
Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
72 
Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
67 
Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
67 
Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
45 
Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

back to top

Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages data collected from Computer Occupations, All Other.
Employment data collected from Computer Occupations, All Other.
Industry data collected from Computer Occupations, All Other.

Median wages (2016) $41.59 hourly, $86,510 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2014) 233,000 employees
Projected growth (2014-2024) Slower than average (2% to 4%) Slower than average (2% to 4%)
Projected job openings (2014-2024) 37,700
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2014)
Government (38% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2016 wage data external site and 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

back to top

Job Openings on the Web

Find Jobs

back to top

Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

back to top